Characters: Colonies are massive and usually flattened or hillocky. Polyps are cerioid, with thick walls. Columellae are small and are surrounded by a crown of tall paliform lobes. Septa are straight, with a neat appearance. Colour: Usually brown or dull green becoming dark in deep water. Oral discs are usually cream but may be bright green. Similar species: Goniastrea aspera and G. peresi, which have smaller corallites. See also Favites russelli, which is usually subplocoid, has smaller corallites, relatively irregular septa and smaller paliform lobes. Habitat: Most reef environments. Abundance: Usually uncommon.