Characters: Colonies are submassive or encrusting. Corallites are cerioid to submeandroid. The latter usually have less than four centres. Walls are thick, paliform lobes are well developed. Colour: Usually pale brown or pink but may be dark brown in deep or turbid water. Similar species: Goniastrea edwardsi, which has markedly smaller corallites and G. australensis which has valleys of similar width but is usually fully meandroid. See also the merulinid Merulina scheeri. Habitat: Most shallow water environments. Abundance: Common.