Reef Frontiers en-us http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish Tue, 12 Dec 2017 15:43:25 -0600 PhotoPost Pro 7.0 60 Sargassum Triggerfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=832&title=sargassum-triggerfish&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=832&amp;title=sargassum-triggerfish&amp;cat=510"><img title="Xringens.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/Xringens.jpg" alt="Xringens.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Xanthichthys ringens Common Name: Sargassum Triggerfish/Trigger Max Size: 25.0 cm Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 25 - 80 m Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA and Bermuda to Brazil. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 26-29; Anal soft rays: 23-27. Three prominent diagonal grooves running from below and behind mouth nearly to gill opening; light brownish gray with rows of dark brown spots on body; grooves on head dark brown; caudal fin pale with orange-red upper and lower borders and a large orange-red crescent posteriorly. Biology: Inhabits seaward reef slopes, usually well below 30 m, where in some places they are among the most common fish. Young live among floating Sargassum. Solitary or in small groups. Feeds on crabs and sea urchins. Spawns in deep water. Aquarium Care: A gregarious fish and a great trigger for a community tank. The Sargassum Trigger can be kept in small groups in large aquariums. Once acclimated, the Sargassum Trigger may pick on smaller fish, however, the aggression is more likely in a smaller tank when hiding spots are limited. This species enjoys strong water movement and a lot of swimming space. It is sometimes observed swimming into the current of tanks. Not a great threat to equipment, and rarely rearranges decor. This species of triggers can be kept in a reef aquarium. It usually will ignore sessile invertebrates, but as it grows larger, this trigger may eat ornamental shrimp. Feed a mixed diet of meaty foods, including clams, squid, shrimp, and also frozen vitamin enriched foods with marine algae. NaH2O Mon, 15 Aug 2005 10:42:40 -0500 Maroon Clownfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=808&title=maroon-clownfish&cat=514 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=808&amp;title=maroon-clownfish&amp;cat=514"><img title="450Maroon_Clown-medCM.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/514/thumbs/450Maroon_Clown-medCM.jpg" alt="450Maroon_Clown-medCM.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Premnas biaculeatus Common Names: Gold Stripe Maroon Clownfish, Gold Bar Maroon Clown, Maroon Clownfish/Anemonefish, Spinecheek Clownfish/Anemonefish Max. size: 17.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 16 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indo-Australian Archipelago including India, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and Australia (northern Queensland). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-18; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-15. Has a distinctive prominent preopercular spine that extends across the head-bar. Juveniles and males bright red, females become maroon to nearly black. Males are much smaller than females. Biology: Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs, found mainly in protected coastal waters and lagoons. Typically found in pairs in which males are much smaller than females. Feeds primarily on zooplankton and benthic algae. Has been reared in captivity. Associated with the anemone Entacmaea quadricolor Aquarium Care: For anemone association, see Biology section above. This clownfish is alone in the genus Premnas. It has cheek spines (unlike Amphiprion spp.), that can become entangled in aquarium nets (use a specimen container if possible). One of the largest and most aggressive clownfish, and shouldn't be kept with other clownfish, or small peaceful species. Best kept singly or in mated pairs. The Maroon Clownfish readily acclimates and will accpet a variety of captive foods. Can be difficult to pair and spawn. There is also a white-striped strain. Photo Courtesy of ©Craig Manoukian <br /><br />5 comments NaH2O Wed, 19 Jan 2005 13:12:42 -0600 Clown Tang http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=807&title=clown-tang&cat=503 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=807&amp;title=clown-tang&amp;cat=503"><img title="450clowntangrp.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/503/thumbs/450clowntangrp.jpg" alt="450clowntangrp.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Acanthurus lineatus Common Names: Clown Tang, Clown Surgeonfish, Lined Surgeonfish Max. size: 38.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Climate: tropical; 24 - 30°C Distribution: Indo-Pacific: eastern Africa to the Hawaiian, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia; throughout Micronesia. Replaced by the closely related Acanthurus sohal in the Red Sea. Society, Mascarene and Line islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-30; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 25-28. Upper 3/4 of body with alternating black-edged blue and yellow bands; lower 1/4 of body gray. Erectile spine on each side of caudal peduncle is sharp, strong, forward-pointing, and venomous. Upper part of head with yellow, oblique stripes. Pectoral fins pale with dusky rays; pelvic fins light yellowish brown with black outer margin; vertical markings in caudal fin. Gill rakers 14-16 anterior row, 13-15 posterior row. Minute scales. Philippine specimens demonstrate different color patterns. Biology: A territorial species, which is common in surge zones of exposed seaward reefs. The large males control well-defined feeding territories and harems of females. The species is almost continually in motion. Herbivorous but also feeds on crustaceans. The venomous caudal spine can cause painful wounds. Form spawning aggregations. Aquarium Care: This species is one of the more aggressive of Surgeonfish. Its caudal peduncle spine is larger than almost all Surgeonfish, and will use it. Except in a huge tank, avoid keeping with other family members, even so, add with caution. The Clown Tang will attack other species with a similar shape and/or food habits. It requires unobstructed swimming space, and good water quality. This species browses on larger filamentous algaes and small fleshy macroalgaes. On occasion, an underfed specimen may nip at LPS. Feed a varied diet, consisting of vegetative matter. Dried and frozen herbivore foods that conatin marine algae and Spirulina. Supplement with items such as dried seaweed (sushi Nori). Photo Courtesy of ©Robert A. Patzner <br /><br />2 comments NaH2O Wed, 19 Jan 2005 13:06:36 -0600 Kole's Tang http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=806&title=kole-27s-tang&cat=503 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=806&amp;title=kole-27s-tang&amp;cat=503"><img title="450Kole_Tang-medCM.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/503/thumbs/450Kole_Tang-medCM.jpg" alt="450Kole_Tang-medCM.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Ctenochaetus strigosus Common Names: Kole's Tang, Yelloweye Kole Tang, Yelloweye Surgeonfish, Yelloweye Bristletooth, Spotted Surgeonfish Max. size: 14.6 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 113 m Climate: tropical; 21 - 27°C Distribution: Eastern Central Pacific: endemic to the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Island. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 25-28; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 22-25. C. strigosus differs from C. striatus by having a more truncate tail and a pale yellowish ring around the eye. Yellow on edge of orbit broad and conspicuous (pale in preservative), especially posteriorly. Small spots on head blue, not extending onto anterior body or chest. Posterior gill rakers 30-36. Biology: Solitary. Mainly diurnal. Feeds on detritus by whisking its comb-like teeth over the bottom as it closes its mouth. Aquarium Care: This species is noted as not overly aggressive, and usually won't bother tankmates, with the exception of closely related species. Members of the same species will battle each other, and it is best to keep one per tank. May be picked on by more aggressive Tangs. The Kole Tang does best when provided an aquarium with a healthy growth of microalgae to meet its constant grazing needs. Feed a varied diet, including mostly vegetative matter such as dried maringe algae, frozen herbivore rations, Spirulina. Photo Courtesy of ©Craig Manoukian <br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Wed, 19 Jan 2005 12:57:57 -0600 Mandarin Dragonet http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=801&title=mandarin-dragonet&cat=511 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=801&amp;title=mandarin-dragonet&amp;cat=511"><img title="450Mandarin_MKP_.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/511/thumbs/450Mandarin_MKP_.jpg" alt="450Mandarin_MKP_.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Synchiropus splendidus Common Names: Mandarin Dragonet, Green Mandarinfish, Striped Mandarinfish Max. size: 6.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 18 m Climate: tropical; 24 - 26°C Distribution: Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands to Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 6-8. Rare individuals have a bright red ground color. Preopercular spine 0[2-5/0]1. Biology: Inhabits shallow protected lagoons and inshore reefs. Found on silty bottoms with coral and rubble. Usually in small groups spread over small area. Has been reared in captivity. Well-known aquarium fish Aquarium Care: Challenging to feed. This species has a poor survival record among aquarists, as it often starves in newly set-up or sterile tanks. To increase chances of sustaining a healthy fish, introduce into a well-established, peaceful and mature reef aquarium with plenty of live substrate (rock and sand) and hiding spots. Caution should be used when housing with sea anemones. Despite the presence of a noxious slime that deters potential fish predators, the Mandarin Dragonet may be eaten by an anemone. Will ignore other fish species, but males will attack males of the same species. Males have a more elongated first dorsal spine than females. The Mandarin Dragonet may bury in the sand at night or if threatened. This species should be provided plenty of natural prey. Will accept vitamin-enriched live brine and live black worms, but is a methodical feeder that doesn't do well with competitors. With training, the Mandarin Dragonet may accept frozen/defrosted foods. Live and starter cultures can be purchased to help stock rufugiums. Photo Courtesy of ©mkpaulson<br /><br />13 comments NaH2O Sun, 16 Jan 2005 00:50:17 -0600 Orange-fin Clownfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=800&title=orange-fin-clownfish&cat=514 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=800&amp;title=orange-fin-clownfish&amp;cat=514"><img title="450A_chrysopterus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/514/thumbs/450A_chrysopterus.jpg" alt="450A_chrysopterus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Amphiprion chrysopterus Common Names: Orange-fin Clownfish/Anemonefish, Bluestripe Clownfish Max. size: 17.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 30 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Pacific Ocean: Australia (northern Great Barrier Reef), Coral Sea, New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, Samoa, Society and Tuamoto islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 10-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-14. Body short and deep; the head small. Generally yellow in the body edges, yellow-brown to dark brown in the middle sides, with two white vertical stripes, the first behind the eye and the second before the anus. The fins yellow. Juveniles are a dull orange. Biology: Inhabits passages and outer reef slopes. Known to occur at 25°C. Feeds chiefly on planktonic copepods, algae, echiuroid and sipunculoid worms, and pelagic tunicates. Associated with the anemones: Entacmaea quadricolor, Heteractis aurora, Heteractis crispa, Heteractis magnifica, Stichodactyla haddoni, and Stichodactyla mertensii Aquarium Care: For anemone association, see Biology section above. This species is semi-aggressive towards other clownfish and passive tankmates. <br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Sun, 16 Jan 2005 00:37:33 -0600 Maroon Clownfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=799&title=maroon-clownfish&cat=514 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=799&amp;title=maroon-clownfish&amp;cat=514"><img title="450P_biaculeatus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/514/thumbs/450P_biaculeatus.jpg" alt="450P_biaculeatus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Premnas biaculeatus Common Names: Maroon Clownfish/Anemonefish, Spinecheek Clownfish/Anemonefish Max. size: 17.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 16 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indo-Australian Archipelago including India, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and Australia (northern Queensland). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-18; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-15. Has a distinctive prominent preopercular spine that extends across the head-bar. Juveniles and males bright red, females become maroon to nearly black. Males are much smaller than females. Biology: Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs, found mainly in protected coastal waters and lagoons. Typically found in pairs in which males are much smaller than females. Feeds primarily on zooplankton and benthic algae. Has been reared in captivity. Associated with the anemone Entacmaea quadricolor Aquarium Care: For anemone association, see Biology section above. This clownfish is alone in the genus Premnas. It has cheek spines (unlike Amphiprion spp.), that can become entangled in aquarium nets (use a specimen container if possible). One of the largest and most aggressive clownfish, and shouldn't be kept with other clownfish, or small peaceful species. Best kept singly or in mated pairs. The Maroon Clownfish readily acclimates and will accpet a variety of captive foods. Can be difficult to pair and spawn. There is also a yellow-striped strain. NaH2O Sun, 16 Jan 2005 00:17:02 -0600 Orange Skunk Clownfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=798&title=orange-skunk-clownfish&cat=514 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=798&amp;title=orange-skunk-clownfish&amp;cat=514"><img title="450A_sandaracinos.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/514/thumbs/450A_sandaracinos.jpg" alt="450A_sandaracinos.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Amphiprion sandaracinos Common Names: Orange Skunk Clownfish, Yellow Clownfish/Anemonefish Max. size: 14.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 3 - 20 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Pacific: Christmas Island and Western Australia to the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Philippines, New Guinea, D'Entrecasteaux Islands, New Britain, and Solomon Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-18; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12. Distinguished by the thick white line running from the snout over the back. Biology: Occurs in lagoon and outer reefs. Occurs in pairs and small groups. Has been reared in captivity. Associated with the anemones: Heteractis crispa and Stichodactyla mertensii Aquarium Care: For anemone associations, see Biology section above. This species does well in smaller systems. Captive-bred specimens should be chosen when possible, as wild caught are more prone to suffer from clownfish disease. Larger females can be quite aggressive toward members of the same or similar species. Best kept in pairs with a host sea anemone. May act aggressively to members of similar species. <br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Sat, 15 Jan 2005 23:59:07 -0600 Blackstripe Dottyback http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=796&title=blackstripe-dottyback&cat=504 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=796&amp;title=blackstripe-dottyback&amp;cat=504"><img title="450P_nigrovittatus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/504/thumbs/450P_nigrovittatus.jpg" alt="450P_nigrovittatus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Pseudochromis nigrovittatus Common Names: Blackstripe Dottyback, Darkline Dottyback Max. size: 9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 12 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: eastern part of Persian Gulf and Straits of Hormuz, Gulf of Oman and southern part of it, Djibouti. Species occur in two main color forms (with and without the broad, dark brown to dark grey stripe on the side of the body). Biology: A cryptic species; collected from tide pools, around boulders, and rock and coral reefs. May sometimes take refuge among spines of large Diadema sea urchins. Aquarium Care: The Blackstripe Dottyback is not commonly found in the hobby. A secretive species that spends a lot of its time hiding. As with other members of the Pseudochromis genus, choose tankmates carefully. NaH2O Mon, 10 Jan 2005 20:27:06 -0600 Big Longnose Butterflyfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=784&title=big-longnose-butterflyfish&cat=502 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=784&amp;title=big-longnose-butterflyfish&amp;cat=502"><img title="450Folon_u3.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/502/thumbs/450Folon_u3.jpg" alt="450Folon_u3.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Forcipiger longirostris Common Names: Big Longnose Butterflyfish, Longnose Butterflyfish Max. size: 22.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 3 - 70 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific = East Africa to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Pitcairn islands, north to the Bonin [=Ogasawara] Islands, south to New Caledonia and the Austral Islands; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 10-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24-28; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17-20. Snout extremely long. Rare uniformly black color phase. Biology: A generally uncommon species that inhabits seaward reefs to depths greater than 60 m. Feeds mainly on whole organisms such as small crustaceans. Usually seen in pairs. Sometimes dark brown instead of yellow. Aquarium Care: Provide plenty of live rock for a good population of natural prey (i.e. amphipods). This species requires food with a small particulate size, as the mouth is tiny. Best kept one to a system, except in a male-female pair. The Longnose Butterfly will fight with other butterflyfish, especially F. flavissimus (Yellow Longnose Butterflyfish). Provide a varied diet including fine meaty foods, crustaceans, mysid shrimp, and frozen preparations (thawed). The variety will keep the fish healthy. <br /><br />2 comments NaH2O Fri, 07 Jan 2005 21:57:58 -0600 Blackback Butterflyfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=783&title=blackback-butterflyfish&cat=502 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=783&amp;title=blackback-butterflyfish&amp;cat=502"><img title="450C_melannotus_RP_.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/502/thumbs/450C_melannotus_RP_.jpg" alt="450C_melannotus_RP_.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chaetodon melannotus Common Names: Blackback Butterflyfish, Blackbacked (Black-backed) Butterflyfish, Melannotus Butterflyfish Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 4 - 20 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12-13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-21; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 16-18. Changes color when frightened or when observed at night. The dorsal portion of the body turns black except for two white patches. Biology: Usually solitary or in pairs in coral-rich areas of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs to a depth of over 15 m. Juveniles inshore. In pairs or traveling in small groups. Feeds on octocorallian and scleractinian coral polyps. Easy to maintain in the aquarium. Oviparous. Aquarium Care: Provide plenty of swimming space and hiding places. This species acclimates well to captivity, and will accept a variety of aquarium foods. The Blackback Butterfly will chase members of the same and similar species, but is rarely aggressive to other members of the family. It has a bold temperment and best if kept one to a tank. Will nip at stony corals and eat soft corals. A varied diet should be offered, as well as vitamin-enriched and color enhancing food to maintain the bright coloration. Photo Courtesy of ©Robert A. Patzner NaH2O Fri, 07 Jan 2005 19:51:04 -0600 Vagabond Butterflyfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=782&title=vagabond-butterflyfish&cat=502 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=782&amp;title=vagabond-butterflyfish&amp;cat=502"><img title="450Vagabond-Butterfly_RP_.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/502/thumbs/450Vagabond-Butterfly_RP_.jpg" alt="450Vagabond-Butterfly_RP_.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chaetodon vagabundus Common Names: Vagabond Butterflyfish, Crisscross Butterflyfish Max. size: 23.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range - 30 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Red Sea and East Africa to the Line and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Lord Howe and the Austral islands. Closely related to Chaetodon decussatus. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 22-25; Anal spines: 2-3; Anal soft rays: 19-22. Black bands over head and tail. Biology: Found in reef flats, lagoon and seaward reefs and sometimes in turbid waters subject to freshwater runoff. Swim in pairs. Omnivorous, feed on algae, coral polyps, crustaceans and worms. Oviparous. Hardly territorial and often accompanies other species without being aggressive. Easily maintained in tanks. Aquarium Care: Provide with a good amount of swimming room. Will eat stony corals and many soft corals, nip at the bases and tentacles of stinging anemones, and pick mushroom anemones. This species is a hardier butterflyfish, and will accept a wide range of captive foods. Vitamin-enriched foods should help to sustain the intense coloration. It can be kept in pairs, and with fish of the same or similar species. One reference did indicate this species has a poor survivability, however, all others indicated this is a hardy species. Therefore, each specimen should be studied for health, and kept in a well maintained system to increase survivability. Photo Courtesy of ©Robert A. Patzner NaH2O Thu, 06 Jan 2005 23:56:44 -0600 Melon Butterflyfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=781&title=melon-butterflyfish&cat=502 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=781&amp;title=melon-butterflyfish&amp;cat=502"><img title="450Melon-Butterfly.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/502/thumbs/450Melon-Butterfly.jpg" alt="450Melon-Butterfly.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chaetodon trifasciatus Common Names: Melon Butterflyfish, Indian Ocean Redfin Butterflyfish Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 2 - 20 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = East Africa to the Hawaiian and Tuamoto islands. However, the Pacific population has been recognized as a distinct subspecies (Chaetodon trifasciatus lunulatus Quoy &amp; Gaimard, 1825) by Burgess while according to Randall, pers. comm. 1995, Chaetodon trifasciatus occurs only in the Indian Ocean, while Chaetodon lunulatus occurs only in the Pacific. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13-14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20-22; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 18-21. Distinguished by the orange caudal peduncle. Tip of caudal fin is transparent. Biology: Occur in coral-rich lagoons and semi-protected seaward reefs. Territorial and aggressive to other Chaetodon. Small juveniles secretive in corals. Swim in pairs. Feed exclusively on coral polyps, particularly of the Pocillopora type. Oviparous. Aquarium Care: This species feeds mainly on coral polyps (including Acropora spp.). It will also eat the occasional copepod and filamentous algae. The Melon Butterflyfish has poor survivability in the captive environment. Photo Courtesy of ©Robert A. Patzner NaH2O Thu, 06 Jan 2005 22:41:56 -0600 Spot-Tail Butterflyfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=780&title=spot-tail-butterflyfish&cat=502 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=780&amp;title=spot-tail-butterflyfish&amp;cat=502"><img title="450Spot-tail-Butterfly.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/502/thumbs/450Spot-tail-Butterfly.jpg" alt="450Spot-tail-Butterfly.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chaetodon ocellicaudus Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 3 - 15 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Central Pacific = Malaysia to New Guinea, north to the Philippines; Palau (Belau) in Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 19-20; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17-18. Nearly identical to C. melanotus, differing only in the shape of the black mark on the caudal peduncle, in lacking a black mark on the chest, and in having 14 rather than 15 modal pectoral fin rays. n juvenile spottail butterflyfish the spot at the base of the caudal fin can be larger, extending from the top to the bottom of the caudal peduncle, and may be mistaken for the band-like marking of the blackbacked butterflyfish. Biology: Occurs in coral rich areas of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs. Juveniles inshore. Adults usually seen in pair. Feeds on soft coral polyps (e.g. Litophyton viridis and species of the genera Sarcophyton, Nephthia, and Clavularia). Aquarium Care: Provide with plenty of swimming space and hiding spots. This species may nip at stony corals and eat soft corals. The Spot-Tail Butterflyfish may act aggressively towards fish of the same species or of similar coloration. NaH2O Thu, 06 Jan 2005 19:01:26 -0600 Margined Butterflyfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=779&title=margined-butterflyfish&cat=502 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=779&amp;title=margined-butterflyfish&amp;cat=502"><img title="450C_marginalis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/502/thumbs/450C_marginalis.jpg" alt="450C_marginalis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chelmon marginalis Common Names: Margined Butterflyfish, Margined Coralfish, Marginalis Copperband Max. size: 18.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 30 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Pacific =northern Australia (from Western Australia to the Great Barrier Reef) and Papua New Guinea. Closely resembles Chelmon rostratus (Copperband Butterflyfish). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9-10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 29-33; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 21-22. Juveniles have a posterior bar and dorsal fin spot which fade and disappear with growth. Biology: Inhabits coastal reefs. Usually solitary. Aquarium Care: Sometimes available in the hobby, and hardier than some Chelmon spp. This fish probably feeds on polychaetes worms, sea urchin tube feet and small crustaceans, but exact feeding habits are somewhat lacking. Will likely eat Aiptasia spp. anemones. Some specimens may nip at LPS, some soft corals and zoanthids. Resembles Chelmon rostratus, except (in adults) it lacks the middle body bar/stripe and the dot fades with age. NaH2O Tue, 04 Jan 2005 23:20:56 -0600 Dot-and-Dash Butterflyfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=778&title=dot-and-dash-butterflyfish&cat=502 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=778&amp;title=dot-and-dash-butterflyfish&amp;cat=502"><img title="450DotandDashButterflyfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/502/thumbs/450DotandDashButterflyfish.jpg" alt="450DotandDashButterflyfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chaetodon pelewensis Common Names: Dot-and-Dash Butterflyfish, Sunset Butterflyfish Max. size: 12.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 30 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Pacific Ocean = Australia to Fiji, Samoa, Tuamoto Archipelago and the Society Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13-14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 22-25; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17-18. Body is pale tan with oblique rows of black spots, becoming solid bands on the upper half of the body. A dark-edged orange bar runs vertically on the head through the eye. Orange caudal peduncle. Biology: Feeds mainly on coral polyps and small benthic invertebrates. Usually paired. Adults pair, but juveniles solitary. Adapts itself easily to tank life and willingly accepts nearly all kinds of food offered. Aquarium Care: This species has a small mouth and should be offered foods that are finely chopped. Smaller individuals may even have difficulty eating adult brine shrimp. It is not a reef suitable fish, as it will feed on coral polyps. It may, however, be able to live with stinging anemones and mushroom anemones. It can be kept with other butterflyfish (even same species), but they should be introduced at the same time. The Chaetodon pelewensis is similar to Chaetodon punctatofasciatus, but its stripes are at a slant (C. punctatofasciatus has vertical stripes), and the former is not as hardy as the latter. NaH2O Tue, 04 Jan 2005 19:44:11 -0600 Leopard Blenny http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=777&title=leopard-blenny&cat=506 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=777&amp;title=leopard-blenny&amp;cat=506"><img title="450Leopard-Blenny.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/506/thumbs/450Leopard-Blenny.jpg" alt="450Leopard-Blenny.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Exallias brevis Common Names: Leopard Blenny, Honeycomb Blenny Max. size: 14.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 3 - 20 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Red Sea south to Sodwana Bay, South Africa and east to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Society islands, north to the Ryukyu and Bonin islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 14-15. Numerous papillae on the upper lip, smaller and more closely spaced spots. Nuchal cirri: 30 - 36. Biology: Occurs on clear coastal reefs, often in bays and semi-exposed habitats. Found on the seaward edge of reefs, among corals like Acropora, Pocillopora, Seriatopora, Porites, and Millepora where they feed on coral tissues. Males prepare nesting sites by overgrazing a patch of coral. Oviparous. Aquarium Care: This species does not normally eat in captivity unless supplied a diet in SPS corals. The Leopard Blenny will normally be found hiding in crevices or among coral branches. May be aggressive towards members of its own and similar species. NaH2O Mon, 03 Jan 2005 22:22:54 -0600 Black and Yellow Blenny http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=776&title=black-and-yellow-blenny&cat=506 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=776&amp;title=black-and-yellow-blenny&amp;cat=506"><img title="450Black_Yellow-Blenny.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/506/thumbs/450Black_Yellow-Blenny.jpg" alt="450Black_Yellow-Blenny.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Ecsenius lividanalis Max. size: 5.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Pacific = Philippines, Indonesia, Northern Australia, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands. Morphology: Two forms = the true species has a yellow body, blue head and yellow iris; the dusky form (rarely all yellow), with pale blue-white iris, yellow back and tail. Both forms share a black anal spot and have similar meristics. Biology: In Papua New Guinea, various individuals were seen swimming around large coral heads on reef slopes and would not rest on the corals like those seen in Indonesia. Its seems that the Indonesian and Philippines form represents a new species. Aquarium Care: Provide plenty of live rock for hiding and perching. The Black and Yellow Blenny is generally peaceful, but may be territorial to fish of the same or similar species. May nip Tridacnid clams and stony corals. Keep one per tank. NaH2O Mon, 03 Jan 2005 21:43:22 -0600 Lawnmower Blenny http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=775&title=lawnmower-blenny&cat=506 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=775&amp;title=lawnmower-blenny&amp;cat=506"><img title="450Lawnmower-blenny.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/506/thumbs/450Lawnmower-blenny.jpg" alt="450Lawnmower-blenny.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Salarias fasciatus Common Names: Lawnmower Blenny, Jeweled Rockskipper, Jeweled Blenny, Rock Blenny, Sailfin/Algae Blenny Max. size: 14.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 8 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-20; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 19-21. Numerous pale spots, dark streaks anteriorly, and several dusky bands. Biology: Inhabit reef flats as well as shallow lagoon and seaward reefs. Also found in estuarine areas with algae-rich rubble patches on reef flats and slopes. Intertidal to a few meters depth. Usually found in areas of mixed coral, sand, and rubble. Feed by scraping off algae. Oviparous. Aquarium Care: Provide a tank with crops of microalgae. This species may starve in systems that are not well established, or do not have enough algae to sustain the fish. Helps to control filamentous and film algae. Larger specimens can attack tankmates, including other blenny species (especially in smaller tanks). May nip at Tridacnid clams and stony corals. Keep one per tank. NaH2O Mon, 03 Jan 2005 21:35:44 -0600 Bluestriped Fang Blenny http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=774&title=bluestriped-fang-blenny&cat=506 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=774&amp;title=bluestriped-fang-blenny&amp;cat=506"><img title="450Bluestriped-Fang-Blenny.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/506/thumbs/450Bluestriped-Fang-Blenny.jpg" alt="450Bluestriped-Fang-Blenny.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Plagiotremus rhinorhynchus Max. size: 12.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 40 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Red Sea south to Knysna, South Africa and east to the Line, Marquesan and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Throughout Micronesia. Not recorded from Hawaii. Replaced by Plagiotremus ewaensis in the Hawaiian Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 10-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 31-37; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 29-33. Adults variable in color, ranging from black to yellow; 2 blue stripes on body. Biology: Inhabit clear, coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs. Hide in deserted worm tubes or other small holes when alarmed. Feed on the skin, mucus and sometimes scales of other fishes by quick attacks. Juveniles mimic the cleaner wrasse Labroides dimidiatus. Oviparous. Aquarium Care: This species is one of the &quot;sabretooth blennies&quot;, and will bite fellow tankmates unless they have toxic body slime. Better suited to a species tank, or with fish such as Puffers. This fish is harmless towards invertebrates. Keep one per tank. NaH2O Mon, 03 Jan 2005 21:26:48 -0600 Redlip Blenny http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=773&title=redlip-blenny&cat=506 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=773&amp;title=redlip-blenny&amp;cat=506"><img title="450Redlip-Blenny.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/506/thumbs/450Redlip-Blenny.jpg" alt="450Redlip-Blenny.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Ophioblennius atlanticus Max. size: 19.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 8 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Eastern Atlantic = Azores and Madeira; Canary, Ascension, St. Helena, Cape Verde, San Tomé and Annobon Islands; St Paul's Rocks; and along the coast of west Africa from Senegal to Angola. Western Atlantic = Trindade Island (Brazil). Bermuda, North Carolina to Florida (USA), Bahamas, Caribbean, including Antilles to Brazil. Rare in northern Gulf of Mexico. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12-13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-23; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 24. Head profile in front of eyes vertical; forehead projects in front of snout. Head, body and anal fin dark reddish brown, sometimes pale pinkish gray; lips and parts of pectoral and tail fins red. Biology: Ophioblennius larvae are frequently taken in deep water column. The adults are restricted to shallow waters and dwell among rocks and coral reefs; where there is considerable wave action. Bites very severely, with its two very long and sharp canine teeth. Feeds on filamentous algae. Aquarium Care: The Redlip Blenny should be kept in an established system with a constant supply of microalgae growth. Spends its time hopping from spot to spot, picking at algae. May nip at stony corals and Tridacnid clam mantles. May be aggressive toward fish of the same or similar species. Keep one per tank. NaH2O Mon, 03 Jan 2005 21:17:55 -0600 Highfin Blenny http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=772&title=highfin-blenny&cat=506 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=772&amp;title=highfin-blenny&amp;cat=506"><img title="450A_fuscusfuscus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/506/thumbs/450A_fuscusfuscus.jpg" alt="450A_fuscusfuscus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Atrosalarias fuscus fuscus (Juvenile shown in photo above) Common Names: Highfin Blenny, Black Sailfin Blenny, Dusky Blenny, Brown Coral Blenny, Black Blenny, Brown Combtooth Blenny Max. size: 10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Indian Ocean = Red Sea to Pakistan. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-20; Anal soft rays: 18-20; Vertebrae: 33-35. Several geographical variations. Adults almost black and some populations have a reddish tail. Juveniles often bright yellow (shown in photo). Biology: Inhabits sheltered, shallow reefs, hiding among live or dead coral branches. From estuaries to outer reef lagoons. Aquarium Care: Provide plenty of liverock and microalgae growth. This species does best in a well established aquarium with a constant supply of microalgae. The Highfin blenny spends its time hopping from spot to spot, perching, and rasping off algae growth. Keep only one per tank. May nip and eat SPS. (Juvenile shown in photo) NaH2O Mon, 03 Jan 2005 21:09:23 -0600 Bicolor Blenny http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=771&title=bicolor-blenny&cat=506 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=771&amp;title=bicolor-blenny&amp;cat=506"><img title="450Ecsenius-bicolor_RP_.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/506/thumbs/450Ecsenius-bicolor_RP_.jpg" alt="450Ecsenius-bicolor_RP_.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Ecsenius bicolor Max. size: 11.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 25 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Maldives to the Phoenix Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 11-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-18; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 17-21. Occurs in three color phases: one black anteriorly and yellow posteriorly (bicolor phase), the others black dorsally with a broad white lateral band and dusky belly with or without a yellow tail. Biology: Inhabit clear lagoon and seaward reefs with mixed corals and algae-covered rocks. Oviparous. Aquarium Care: Provide plenty of perching and hiding places, and also microalgae growth. May nip at stony corals and clam mantles. May act aggressively towards the same or similar species. May pick on gobies and firefish. Keep one per tank. Photo Courtesy of ©Robert A. Patzner NaH2O Mon, 03 Jan 2005 13:20:27 -0600 Chevron Tang http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=564&title=chevron-tang&cat=503 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=564&amp;title=chevron-tang&amp;cat=503"><img title="450chevrontang_CF_.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/503/thumbs/450chevrontang_CF_.jpg" alt="450chevrontang_CF_.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Ctenochaetus hawaiiensis Common Names: Chevron Tang, Black Surgeonfish Max. size: 25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Climate: tropical; 25 - 27°C Distribution: Pacific Ocean =throughout most Oceania, from the Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Island. To the islands of Micronesia. Society and Austral Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-29; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 25-26. Gill rakers on anterior row 21-25, on posterior row 25. Juveniles differ greatly from adults. They have deeper bodies and are bright orange-red with numerous dark chevrons. Adults appear uniformly black from a distance but actually have numerous dark green horizontal pinstripes. Biology: An uncommon species that inhabits seaward rocky or coral reefs. Juveniles found in relatively deep coral rich areas. Aquarium Care: Plenty of live rock to graze on. The juvenile has a blue herringbone pattern with an orange background and matures into a dark olive-brown color with thin lines on the body. Not terribly aggressive and will coexist with other fish, excpet the same or similar species. One per tank. The Chevron tang is likely to be picked on by other tangs. Photo Courtesy of Charles Fiterman <br /><br />3 comments NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 22:24:01 -0600 Red Sea Sailfin Tang http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=563&title=red-sea-sailfin-tang&cat=503 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=563&amp;title=red-sea-sailfin-tang&amp;cat=503"><img title="450RedSeaSailfin_CF_.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/503/thumbs/450RedSeaSailfin_CF_.jpg" alt="450RedSeaSailfin_CF_.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Zebrasoma desjardinii Common Names: Red Sea Sailfin Tang, Indian Ocean Sailfin Tang Max. size: 40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Climate: tropical Distribution: Indian Ocean = Red Sea south to Natal, South Africa and east to India, Java, and Cocos-Keeling Islands, but not Christmas Island. Biology: Found in lagoon and seaward reefs to depths greater then 30 m; juveniles in sheltered inner reef areas. Aquarium Care: Browses on filamentous microalgae and small fleshy macroalgaes. Least aggressive of the family, however, it may be aggressive with members of its species. Keep only one per tank, unless in a very large aquarium. Photo Courtesy of Charles Fiterman <br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 22:08:55 -0600 Redspotted Blenny http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=562&title=redspotted-blenny&cat=506 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=562&amp;title=redspotted-blenny&amp;cat=506"><img title="450redspottedblenny_CF_.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/506/thumbs/450redspottedblenny_CF_.jpg" alt="450redspottedblenny_CF_.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Blenniella chrysospilos Common Names: Redspotted Blenny, Red-spotted Rockskipper, Orangespotted Blenny Max. size: 13.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range - 6 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-West Pacific = east coast of Africa to the Society Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to about 24°S. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20-21; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 21-22. Distinctive coloration of the head. Biology: Inhabits clear coastal reef flats, often in exposed habitats, common in outer intertidal reef flats and surge-swept seaward reef; usually where algal growth is prolific. Enter small holes, with just its head protruding. Feed on algae and associated detritus and small invertebrates. Oviparous. Aquarium Care: Provide live rock and a supply of microalgae growth. The Redspotted Blenny will hop from one spot to another, or hiding in the rockwork. All individuals vary, and occasionally there will be one that nips at stony corals and/or clam mantles. One per tank. Photo Courtesy of Charles Fiterman NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 21:45:35 -0600 Coral Beauty http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=561&title=coral-beauty&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=561&amp;title=coral-beauty&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Coral-Beauty.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Coral-Beauty.jpg" alt="450Coral-Beauty.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Centropyge bispinosa Common Names: Coral Beauty, Twospined Angelfish, Dusky Angelfish Max. size: 10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 9 - 45 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to the Izus, south to Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia; excluding the Red Sea, Hawaii, and southern Pacific Ocean. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-18; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17-19. Color in life variable; predominantly light orange with the barring broken into a series of spots; others almost entirely purple. Often very pale in deep water and bright orange form in the Pacific that looks near identical to C. aurantia. Biology: Secretive species found in lagoon and seaward reef slopes in areas with rich coral growth. Found singly or in aggregations; forms harems of 3-7 individuals. Feeds on algae. Frequently exported through the aquarium trade. Aquarium Care: May nip at Tridacnid clams and LPS. This is a hardy, brightly colored, available, and reasonably priced species. It is not as aggressive as other Centropyge spp., but may be assertive after it is established. A larger tank will decrease the chance of picking on some invertebrates. <br /><br />3 comments NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 08:17:11 -0600 Keyhole Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=560&title=keyhole-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=560&amp;title=keyhole-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Keyhole-Angelfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Keyhole-Angelfish.jpg" alt="450Keyhole-Angelfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Centropyge tibicen Common Names: Keyhole Angelfish, Melas Angelfish Max. size: 19.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) 7.5 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 4 - 55 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific =Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island, throughout Micronesia. Uncommon around oceanic islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 16-17. Overall black with an elongate vertical black blotch on the middle of the upper sides. When small, mainly black with a white bar; the white bar changes to a central blotch and varies greatly in shape and size. Dorsal and anal fins with submarginal blue line; most of the pelvic and the anterior portion of the anal fin yellow. Caudal fin with submarginal blue line. Biology: Relatively uncommon in mixed coral and rubble areas of lagoon and seaward reefs. The largest member of the genus. Feeds mainly on algae. Forms harems of 3-7 individuals. Frequently exported through the aquarium trade. Aquarium Care: May nip at Tridacnid clams, zoanthids, LPS, and softies. A bold and durable species that can be belligerent to other pygmy angels and fish added after it has become established. The Keyhole Angel will graze on filamentous algae and diatoms. NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 08:10:42 -0600 Fisher's Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=559&title=fisher-27s-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=559&amp;title=fisher-27s-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Fisher_s-Angel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Fisher_s-Angel.jpg" alt="450Fisher_s-Angel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Centropyge fisheri Common Names: Fisher's Angelfish, Orange Angelfish Max. size: 6.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) 2.4 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range - 10 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Eastern Central Pacific = restricted to the Hawaiian Islands. Most records from the Indian Ocean probably are misidentifications of Centropyge acanthops. Records from the western Pacific are probably misidentifications of Centropyge flavicauda, now considered a probable synonym of Centropyge fisheri. Morphology: Overall yellow-orange with a black blotch about equal to eye diameter just above the pectoral-fin base, and numerous closely-set fine black dots along the base of the dorsal and anal fins. Pelvic fins blue; anal fin with blue margin. Biology: Found in areas with rubble bottom. Aquarium Care: Provide hiding places. Will spend time peeking from the hiding spots or dashing from one crevice to another. Feeds on diatoms, and can be aggressive to more peaceful tankmates (especially in a smaller tank). NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 08:03:00 -0600 Orangelined Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=558&title=orangelined-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=558&amp;title=orangelined-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Eibl_s-Angelfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Eibl_s-Angelfish.jpg" alt="450Eibl_s-Angelfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Centropyge eibli Common Names: Orangelined Angelfish, Eibl's Angelfish, Blacktail Angelfish Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) 5.9 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 10 - 30 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-West Pacific = Sri Lanka to the eastern Indo-Malaya region. Morphology: Overall color is white with narrow wavy golden brown vertical stripes on the sides. Chest, base of the pectoral fin, and the outline of the operculum orange or golden brown. Caudal fin and the adjacent posterior portion of the dorsal fin black with submarginal narrow whitish blue band. Biology: Inhabits rocky areas of seaward reefs as well as rich coral areas. Feeds on algae; forms harems of 3-7 individuals. Frequently exported through the aquarium trade. Forms hybrids with Centropyge vrolikii in areas where these 2 species are sympatric, and hybrids with the C. flavissima have been recorded in the Christmas I. and Cocos-Keeling islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Mimicked by the juveniles of the acanthurid Acanthurus tristis. Aquarium Care: Provide live rock and microaglae growth. May nip at Tridacnid clams, LPS, zoanthids, and may eat some softies. The Orangelined Angel may show aggression to smaller fish (especially in a smaller sized tank). NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 07:57:13 -0600 Venusta Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=557&title=venusta-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=557&amp;title=venusta-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Venusta-Angelfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Venusta-Angelfish.jpg" alt="450Venusta-Angelfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Paracentropyge venusta Common Names: Venusta Angelfish, Purple Masked Angelfish Max. size: 12.0 cm NG (male/unsexed) 4.7 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 10 - 40 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Pacific = Japan to the northern Philippines. Morphology:   Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 15 Biology: Inhabits steep outer reef slopes; in ledges and caves. Shy species, not easily approached at close range. Usually observed singly, almost always upside down in reef caves; also forms pairs or small groups. Natural diet unknown. Sometimes forms hybrids with Paracentropyge multifasciata. Occasionally exported through the aquarium trade. Aquarium Care: Provide numerous hiding spots, caves and overhangs. May nip at Tridacnid clams and LPS. A difficult species to keep, as they are hard to feed. Tankmates should not be aggressive, but is best kept singly, male-female pair, or harem. NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 07:48:44 -0600 Multibarred Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=556&title=multibarred-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=556&amp;title=multibarred-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Multibarred-Angelfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Multibarred-Angelfish.jpg" alt="450Multibarred-Angelfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Paracentropyge multifasciata Common Names: Multibarred Angelfish, Manybanded Angelfish Max. size: 12.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) 4.7 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 7 - 70 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Cocos-Keeling Atoll to the Society Islands, north to the Yaeyama Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-19; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17-18. Generally white with 8 brown bars extending through to dorsal and anal fins (becoming orange-yellow ventrally), the first running through the eye and the last running across the base of the caudal fin. A yellow bar runs in the middle of each white interspace on the side. A black spot is on the distal part of the soft portion of the dorsal fin. Biology: Inhabits ledges and caves and crevices of steep outer reef slopes; occasionally found in clear lagoon reefs. It is secretive and rarely goes out more than a few centimeters from an escape hole. Forms pairs or small groups. Occasionally exported through the aquarium trade. Usually starves when kept in captivity. Often upside-down. Aquarium Care: Provide plenty of hiding places (a shy and retiring species). This fish will adapt more easily if provided a tank with reduced light levels. The Mulitbarred Angel has difficulty adapting to captivity. Can be kept with non-aggressive species, best if kept singly or male-female pair. Often difficult to feed. NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 07:37:26 -0600 Black Velvet Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=555&title=black-velvet-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=555&amp;title=black-velvet-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450BlackVelvet-Angelfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450BlackVelvet-Angelfish.jpg" alt="450BlackVelvet-Angelfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chaetodontoplus melanosoma Common Names: Black Velvet Angelfish, Gray Poma Max. size: 20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 5 - 25 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-West Pacific = Indo-Malayan region and New Guinea , northward to southern Japan. Morphology: Several similar species, easily confused. Juveniles are almost identical as in other species complexes in the genus. Most confusion is caused as color changes occur with growth that may match between different species at certain stages, especially the caudal fin pattern that maybe yellow in sub-adults on one and yellow in adults of others. Biology: An uncommon species that inhabits coastal reefs and drop-offs that are exposed to strong tidal currents. Juveniles on deep rubble slopes with rich invertebrate growth. Feeds on sponges and tunicates. Solitary or in pairs. Frequently exported through the aquarium trade. Aquarium Care: Provide hiding places and nonaggressive tankmates. This fish is usually not terribly aggressive, and will graze on filamentous algae and diatoms. The Black Velvet Angel may nip at Tridacnid clams, LPS, soft corals, and zoanthids. <br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 07:30:12 -0600 Sixbanded Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=554&title=sixbanded-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=554&amp;title=sixbanded-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Sixbanded-Angelfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Sixbanded-Angelfish.jpg" alt="450Sixbanded-Angelfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus sexstriatus Common Names: Sixbanded Angelfish, Sixbar Angelfish Max. size: 46.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) ~18 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 3 - 50 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Ryukyu Islands to Malaysia and Indonesia to Solomon Islands, south to Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13-14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-23; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 18-19. Adults yellowish tan with 5 black bars on the sides; scales with blue spots in the middle; head blackish with a white bar behind the eye, running from below the origin of the dorsal fin to the lower edge of the operculum; the caudal and the posterior portions of the dorsal and anal fins with blue spots. Juveniles blackish with about 15 curved narrow blue and white bars on the sides. Biology: Juveniles prefer sheltered inner reefs while adults occur in areas of rich coral growth and high vertical relief of lagoon and seaward reefs. Adults semi-silty coastal to about 50 m depth, often seen in pairs. Occur solitary or mostly in pairs, are very elusive. Emits loud grunting sounds when harassed. Only the young make excellent aquarium fish. Aquarium Care: Provide hiding spots to go to when startled. Will nip at Tridacnid clams, soft and stony corals. A hardy species, but grows quite large. This fish is known for a grunting sound to warn approaching divers. The sound is occasionally heard in aquaria when keeping with other large angelfish. In the wild, it is often seen in pairs. NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 07:21:53 -0600 Blackspot Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=553&title=blackspot-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=553&amp;title=blackspot-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Blackspot-Angelfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Blackspot-Angelfish.jpg" alt="450Blackspot-Angelfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Genicanthus melanospilos Common Names: Blackspot Angelfish, Spotbreast Angelfish Max. size: 18.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 20 - 45 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Pacific = Ryukyu Islands southward to the Indo-Australian Archipelago (including Rowley Shoals, Western Australia), Fiji and New Caledonia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 15; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17-18. Males light bluish with about 15 narrow black bars on the sides extending to the top of the head, and a large black spot on breast; females without bars, yellow on the upper sides and light blue below, and with broad submarginal bands on the dorsal and ventral edges of the caudal fin. Biology: Generally seen in pairs on steep outer reef slopes, drop-offs, in caves or along the bases of boulders; in rich coral growth interspersed with sand. Usually occurs in loose groups of females dominated by a male. Sometimes feeds on plankton high above the substrate. Aquarium Care: Provide plenty of swimming room. No threat to soft or stony corals. Will adapt to captivity and foods. Ignores other fish species (including angels), but may chase small planktivores. mals might fight with other males in this genus, but this fish can be kept in pairs (small groups in bigger tanks). One male per tank. <br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 06:41:32 -0600 Lamarck's Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=552&title=lamarck-27s-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=552&amp;title=lamarck-27s-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Lamarck_s-Angelfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Lamarck_s-Angelfish.jpg" alt="450Lamarck_s-Angelfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Genicanthus lamarck Common Names: Lamarck's Angelfish, Lamarck Angelfish, Freckletail Lyretail Angelfish Max. size: 25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed), 9.8 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 10 - 35 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-West Pacific = Indo-Malayan region, eastward to Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, southward to the Great Barrier Reef. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 15; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 16-17. Overall white with 3 black stripes on side; dorsal fin with broad submarginal black band; caudal fin with black dots, female with broad black band on the dorsal and ventral edges; pelvic fins white in female, black in male; a few irregular bands radiate from the eye in male. Biology: Inhabit shallow reef crests and deep reefs adjacent to steep slopes. Form aggregations to feed in midwater well above the bottom; harems of 3-7 individuals. Feeds on plankton. Frequently exported through the aquarium trade. Aquarium Care: Provide a lot of swimming space. No threat to soft or stony corals. Adapts well to captive life in a well maintained tank. They swim about quite actively most of the day. not aggressive to other fish (including angels), but may chase small planktivores (i.e. anthias fire gobies, and fairy and flasher wrasses). One male per tank, but in a very large tank can be kept in pairs or small aggregations. NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 06:29:46 -0600 Watanabe's Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=551&title=watanabe-27s-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=551&amp;title=watanabe-27s-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Watanabe_s-Angelfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Watanabe_s-Angelfish.jpg" alt="450Watanabe_s-Angelfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Genicanthus watanabei Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed), ~6 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 21 - 81 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Central Pacific = Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and the Great Barrier Reef; including Cook Islands, Tuamoto Archipelago, and Pitcairn. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 15-16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 14-17. Males light blue with 8 black stripes on the lower 2/3 of the body (the posterior end of the uppermost yellow, the lowermost stripes extending the adjacent anal fin); females light blue with a vertical black bar above the eye and spots on the forehead; both sexes with a broad submarginal band on the dorsal and anal fins; females with broad submarginal band on the caudal-fin lobes. Biology: Occurs in current-swept outer reef slopes and drop-offs. Feeds on plankton. Forms harems of 2-5 individuals. Occasionally exported through the aquarium trade. Aquarium Care: Will not bother reef invertebrates. Adjusts better to a deep water reef tank, or a tank that is dimly lit. Most Watanabe's suffer from swim bladder damage, however, a healthy specimen can be kept in a peaceful tank. If more than one is to be kept, then a male - female pair is recommended (2 males will fight). <br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 06:12:15 -0600 Blue Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=550&title=blue-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=550&amp;title=blue-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Hober_u2.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Hober_u2.jpg" alt="450Hober_u2.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Holacanthus bermudensis Max. size: 45.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 2 - 92 m Climate: subtropical Distribution: Western Atlantic =Bermuda, Bahamas and off southern Florida, USA to the Gulf of Mexico. Also to Yucatan, Mexico. Morphology: Soft parts of dorsal and anal fins and caudal fins have wide yellow margins. Dark spot on forehead lacks electric blue ring. Juveniles blue, banded, with last prominent band straight. The pectorals are blue basally, clear distally, with a broad yellow band separating the two colors; the pelvic fins are light yellow. Biology: Inhabits rocky or coral reefs. Juveniles in channels and on inshore reefs. Feeds primarily on sponges. Small juveniles do well in aquariums once they begin to accept food. Aquarium Care: Provide alot of swimming space and hiding spots. Nips at Tridacnid clams, stony and soft corals. A good species for those just starting to keep larger angelfish. Liable to fight with tankmates. Should not be kept with other large angels. <br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 06:02:16 -0600 King Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=549&title=king-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=549&amp;title=king-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Hopas_u1.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Hopas_u1.jpg" alt="450Hopas_u1.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Holacanthus passer Common Names: King Angelfish, Passer Angelfish Max. size: 35.6 cm TL (male/unsexed), ~14 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 4 - 30 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Eastern Pacific = Gulf of California to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands. Biology: Diurnal grazer on sessile invertebrates and algae but specializes to a larger extent on sponges. Also feeds on plankton. Reproduction occurs in late summer. Females are more territorial and form pair bonds with the males. Sometimes forms mixed aggregations with Pomacanthus zonipectus. Cleaning behavior has been observed in juveniles. Aquarium Care: Will nip at Tridacnid clams, soft and stony corals. The King/Passer Angelfish cannot be kept with more passive fish or even sedenatry predators, as it will pick at them. Females have white pelvic fins, while males have yellow.<br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Thu, 30 Dec 2004 05:45:06 -0600 Flagfin Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=548&title=flagfin-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=548&amp;title=flagfin-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450flagfin-angel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450flagfin-angel.jpg" alt="450flagfin-angel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Apolemichthys trimaculatus Common Names: Flagfin Angelfish, Three spot Angel Max. size: 26.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 3 - 40 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-West Pacific = East Africa south to 28°S and east to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-18; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17-19. Body short and deep, and strongly compressed. Preorbital bone convex and without strong spines. Overall color is bright yellow with a broad black band on the edge of the anal fin and a broad white zone above it. A black spot is on the forehead and a ocellated dark spot just behind the head; the lips are blue. Juveniles have a false eye-spot at the base of the soft dorsal fin and a thin black line over the head, running through the eye. Biology: Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs; found near coral. Feeds mainly on sponges and tunicates. Juveniles secretive and occur below 25 m. Adults in small but loose groups at moderate depths. Frequently exported through the aquarium trade. Aquarium Care: Provide hiding places, and a lot of live rock encrusted with invertebrates. May nip at Tridacnid clam, stony and soft corals. Does not usually do well in captivity. Younger specimens increase survivability, as do individuals from other areas than the Philippines. Normally the flagfin isn't overly aggressive, but may fight with other angels. One per tank. NaH2O Wed, 29 Dec 2004 23:21:29 -0600 Blueface Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=547&title=blueface-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=547&amp;title=blueface-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450blueface-angel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450blueface-angel.jpg" alt="450blueface-angel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus xanthometopon Common Names: Blueface Angelfish, Yellowface Angel Max. size: 38.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 5 - 25 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Maldives to Vanuatu, north to the Yaeyama Islands; Palau and Krosae in Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13-14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-18; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 16-18 Biology: Found in coral rich areas of lagoons, channels, and outer reef slopes. Often near caves. Juveniles settle in very shallow inshore caves with algae growth. Usually solitary. Feeds on sponges and other encrusting organisms and tunicates. Occasionally exported through the aquarium trade. Individuals under 20 cm in length are best adapted to tank life. Aquarium Care: Provide numerous hiding spots, plenty of live rock to graze on, and swimming room. Will nip at Tridacnid clams, soft and stony corals. Tends to initially be shy, but may come out more if placed in a tank with non-aggressive fish. This species isn't as aggressive as other angels, but may chase closely related specimens. A moderately hardy fish for experienced aquarists. <br /><br />4 comments NaH2O Wed, 29 Dec 2004 23:07:15 -0600 Yellowbar Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=546&title=yellowbar-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=546&amp;title=yellowbar-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Yellowbar-Angel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Yellowbar-Angel.jpg" alt="450Yellowbar-Angel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus maculosus Common Names: Yellowbar Angelfish, Maculosus Angel, Map Angel, Blue Moon Angelfish Max. size: 50.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 4 - 50 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Indian Ocean = Red Sea, Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman to at least 13°S. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12-13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 19-20 Biology: More often in silty reef areas than in rich coral growth. Aquarium Care: Will nip at Tridacnid clams, LPS and soft corals like Xenia. Usually OK with SPS and more noxious softies. The easiest member of this genus to keep and is a great first large angelfish. Can be aggressive with passive tankmates, fish introduced after establishment, or other angels. Hardier than P. asfur. <br /><br />1 comment NaH2O Wed, 29 Dec 2004 22:52:47 -0600 Koran Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=545&title=koran-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=545&amp;title=koran-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Koran-Angel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Koran-Angel.jpg" alt="450Koran-Angel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus semicirculatus Common Names: Koran Angelfish, Semicircular/Semicircle Angelfish, Halfcircled Angelfish Max. size: 40.0 cm SL (male/unsexed), ~15.7 inches Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 30 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-West Pacific = Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New South Wales, including Lord Howe Island. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20-23; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 18-22. Juveniles of this species are bluish black with concentric white semi-circles. Adults brownish on anterior and posterior third of the body; middle portion greenish or yellowish; numerous blue spots on the sides; posterior part of dorsal and anal fins prolonged as a filament, the tips bright yellow. Transformation to the adult color pattern occurs over the size range of about 8 - 16 cm. Biology: Juveniles inhabit shallow protected areas, while adults prefer coastal reefs with heavy coral growth providing ample hiding places. Generally solitary or in pairs. Feeds on sponges, tunicates, and algae. The young are excellent aquarium fish and suitable for a community tank. Aquarium Care: Nips at Tridacnid clams, soft and stoney corals. A great fish that thrives if provided a well maintained system. The Koran Angel eats a variety of foods including algae (even cyano). Juveniles have a beautiful coloration, that changes as the fish matures. A juvenile should be intorduced last to the tank. NaH2O Wed, 29 Dec 2004 22:20:05 -0600 Bluegirdled Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=544&title=bluegirdled-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=544&amp;title=bluegirdled-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450bluegirdled-angel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450bluegirdled-angel.jpg" alt="450bluegirdled-angel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus navarchus Max. size: 28.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 3 - 40 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Indonesia to Papua New Guinea, north to the Philippines, south to Rowley Shoals and the southern Great Barrier Reef; Belau and Yap in Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13-14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-18; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 18. Juveniles black with light blue curve vertical stripes on the sides. Adults are bright yellow on sides and back, dorsal and caudal fins, with numerous blue spots; head and ventral portion of the body, pectoral and pelvic fins dark blue with numerous light blue spots on the posterior portion of the anal fin and the adjacent caudal peduncle area. Narrow light blue streaks run across the face from below the eye, and on the area just behind the head. Fins edged light blue. Biology: Occurs in coral rich areas of clear lagoons, channels, and protected outer reef slopes. Changes to adult pattern is dramatic, and intermediate stage are rarely seen. Often solitary. Feeds on sponges and tunicates. Uncommon. Highly prized aquarium export. Aquarium Care: Needs &quot;bolt&quot; holes to retreat to. Will nip at LPS, some soft corals like xenia, and Tridacnid clams. Usually can be kept with SPS and more noxious softies. Not difficult to keep, but is shy. Juveniles spend a lot of time hiding, and are very reclusive. Adults are also shy, but will make trips into the open. Easily startled, and requires &quot;bolt&quot; holes to swim into. Can be ggressive to related species and similarly shaped fish. <br /><br />2 comments NaH2O Wed, 29 Dec 2004 22:01:41 -0600 Asfur Angelfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=451&title=asfur-angelfish&cat=501 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=451&amp;title=asfur-angelfish&amp;cat=501"><img title="450Asfur-Angel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/501/thumbs/450Asfur-Angel.jpg" alt="450Asfur-Angel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Pomacanthus asfur Common Names: Asfur Angelfish, Arabian Angelfish Max. size: 40.0 cm Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 3 - 30 m Climate: tropical Distribution: Western Indian Ocean = Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, south to Zanzibar. Biology: Common around semi-protected inshore reefs with rich soft and hard coral growth, occasional patches of silt bottom. Very aggressive toward its own species, unless paired. Feeds mainly on sponges and tunicates. Aquarium Care: Only one per tank, with hiding places. The Asfur Angel is one of the shyest of the Pomacanthus genus. Not normally a very aggressive fish, the Asfur may pick on new tankmates (especially if other angels). Sometimes difficult to get to eat. It may take up to a week, and require the introduction of live foods for encouragement. <br /><br />3 comments NaH2O Wed, 29 Dec 2004 12:50:35 -0600