Reef Frontiers en-us http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish Mon, 16 Jul 2018 21:50:28 +0000 PhotoPost Pro 7.0 60 vampire psudo http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=1033&title=vampire-psudo&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=1033&amp;title=vampire-psudo&amp;cat=508"><img title="001.JPG" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/001.JPG" alt="001.JPG" /></a><br /><br />by: ecobalance ecobalance Fri, 20 Jul 2007 07:46:26 +0000 My fiji blue devil damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=829&title=my-fiji-blue-devil-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=829&amp;title=my-fiji-blue-devil-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="Devil.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/Devil.jpg" alt="Devil.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: Anubis<br /><br />Description: A realy aggressive fish Anubis Sun, 26 Jun 2005 10:12:37 +0000 Bengal Sargent Major Damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=803&title=bengal-sargent-major-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=803&amp;title=bengal-sargent-major-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Abengalensis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Abengalensis.jpg" alt="41Abengalensis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Abudefduf bengalensis Max. size: 17.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; brackish; marine ; depth range 1 - 6 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean, north to Japan, south to Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-14. Large adults recognized by the rounded tail with pale margin. Has narrow dark bands and lacks peduncular spot that distinguishes this species form similar ones. Similar to A. vaigiensis and A. sexfasciatus but has more black bars (6-7 versus 5). Biology: Occurs singly or in small groups in inshore reef and lagoon environments. Feeds on algae, gastropods, and small crabs. Highly territorial Aquarium Care:Most damselfishes are extremely hardy, colorful, lively, and inexpensive. They are generally very territorial and will eat most foods. It is recommended they not be added to community aquariums until after all the more peaceful fishes have been placed into the system.Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists of benthic invertebrate, such as crabs. Can be quite aggressive. Requires a meaty diet with some algae and two or three feedings per day. Rarely seen in the trade and probably better left in the wild. mojoreef Mon, 17 Jan 2005 15:08:08 +0000 Scissortail Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=386&title=scissortail-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=386&amp;title=scissortail-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Scissortail_damselfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Scissortail_damselfish.jpg" alt="41Scissortail_damselfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis atrilobata Max. size: 13.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 6 - 80 m Distribution: Eastern Pacific: northern Gulf of California to northern Peru, including the Galapagos and Cocos islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 10-12. Brown with a prominent black spot on the base of the pectoral fin. Fins with thin light blue or white margin. Biology: Inhabits coral or rocky reefs. Aggregates in large numbers in open water above reefs and feeds on zooplankton. Not strongly territorial as other damselfishes in the area. This fish becomes almost invisible in the darkness of deep water except for its brilliant post-dorsal white spot which gives the illusion of glowing in the dark. Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 14:27:19 +0000 Yellow Axil Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=180&title=yellow-axil-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=180&amp;title=yellow-axil-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Yellow-axil_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Yellow-axil_chromis.jpg" alt="41Yellow-axil_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis xanthochira Max. size: 14.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 10 - 48m Distribution: Western Central Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and northern Great Barrier Reef. Reported from Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 11-12. Recognized by the large yellow blotch around the pectoral fin base and base part of the fin, standing out in the natural lights at depths. This species differs from C. weberi by having a thin black preopercular bar and lacking black tips on its caudal fin lobes. Biology: Primarily found along deep outer reef walls. Occurs singly or in small groups in outer reef slopes. Feed on plankton Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists mostly of zooplankton mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:08:25 +0000 Yellow Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=181&title=yellow-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=181&amp;title=yellow-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Yellow_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Yellow_chromis.jpg" alt="41Yellow_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis xanthopterygia Max. size: 11.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 5 - 20 m Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 11 Biology: Inhabits inshore coral or rocky reefs Aquarium Care: These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:08:25 +0000 Yellow Speckled Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=182&title=yellow-speckled-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=182&amp;title=yellow-speckled-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Yellow-speckled_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Yellow-speckled_chromis.jpg" alt="41Yellow-speckled_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis alpha Max. size: 8.5 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 12 - 95m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to the Society Islands, north to Mariana Islands, south to New Caledonia; throughout Micronesia. Replaced by Chromis nigroanalis in the west Indian Ocean. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 11-13. This fish is greenish to brown, the scale edges are darker, shading to blue ventrally. The scale centers on back often have small yellow spots. The edge of the opercle and preopercle are dark brown. The anal fin is blue. Biology: Occurs in clear lagoon and seaward reefs, usually seen singly or in loose aggregations near caves and ledges. Abundant over branching corals and leeward coasts Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:08:25 +0000 Smokey Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=177&title=smokey-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=177&amp;title=smokey-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Smokey_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Smokey_chromis.jpg" alt="41Smokey_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis fumea Max. size: 10.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 3 - 25 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern edge of the Indian Ocean; northwestern Australia and elsewhere, mainly in the western Pacific region. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13-14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 9-10 Biology: Inhabits lagoon and seaward coral and rocky reefs, usually in deeper waters Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:08:24 +0000 Spiney Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=178&title=spiney-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=178&amp;title=spiney-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41spiney_chromas.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41spiney_chromas.jpg" alt="41spiney_chromas.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Acanthochromis polyacanthus Max. size: 14.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 65 m Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and the Philippines to northeastern Australia and Melanesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 14-16. Color pattern variable, ranging from entirely blackish to uniform pale gray. Biology: Inhabits inshore and offshore coral reefs. Also found in harbors, lagoons and outer reef slopes. The only pomacentrid species that lacks a pelagic larval stage. One of the very few marine fishes where fry are guarded by the parents. School as they grow and sub-adults are usually seen in small groups. Adults form pairs and are territorial when breeding Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:08:24 +0000 Staghorn Damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=179&title=staghorn-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=179&amp;title=staghorn-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Amcur_u5.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Amcur_u5.jpg" alt="41Amcur_u5.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Amblyglyphidodon curacao Max. size: 11.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 40 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Rowley Shoals and Malaysia to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-15. Several geographical variations. Indonesian populations green with dusky bars when adult. Irian Jaya fish maybe more silvery with greenish bars that ranges from Japan to eastern Australia. Biology: Inhabits lagoons, coastal embayments, reef passages and outer reefs. Juveniles often found among Sarcophyton and Sinularia soft corals. Feeding aggregations are frequently observed over growths of the staghorn coral Acropora. Feeds on zooplankton and filamentous algae. The stomach contents of a specimen included larval crabs and shrimps, fish eggs, and algae. Aquarium Care:Most damselfishes are extremely hardy, colorful, lively, and inexpensive. They are generally very territorial and will eat most foods. It is recommended they not be added to community aquariums until after all the more peaceful fishes have been placed into the system.Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists of zooplankton and algae. May also feed on benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet with some algae and two or three feedings per day mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:08:24 +0000 Midget Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=174&title=midget-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=174&amp;title=midget-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Midget_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Midget_chromis.jpg" alt="41Midget_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis acares Max. size: 4.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 2 - 37 m Distribution: Pacific Ocean: Mariana Islands to the Hawaiian and Society Islands, south to Vanuatu and Austral Islands, Mariana, east Caroline, and Marshall Islands in Micronesia; possibly at Rowley Shoals. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 7-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 10-11. Pearly white with an elongate yellow blotch extending from behind the eye to the pectoral fin base, and a small, less than eye diameter, yellow spot on the posterior base of the soft dorsal fin. Caudal fin with yellow dorsal and ventral edges. Biology: Found in exposed seaward reefs. Sometimes inhabits clear lagoons or channels. Occurs in small to large aggregations on the upper edge of the slope over live coral or rubble. Uncommon Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs.Has a temperature range of 72 - 79°F (22 - 26°C). Natural diet consists mostly of zooplankton mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:47 +0000 Sapphire Devil Damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=175&title=sapphire-devil-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=175&amp;title=sapphire-devil-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Sapphire_devil.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Sapphire_devil.jpg" alt="41Sapphire_devil.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chrysiptera cyanea Max. size: 8.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 0 - 10 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern edge of the Indian Ocean and Western Australia to New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Islands, Marianas and Caroline Islands, Indonesia, Philippines, Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands. Also known from Vanuatu and New Caledonia; Palau and Yap in Micronesia; Samoa. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-14. Recognized by the brilliant light-blue color. This species exhibits a marked sexual dichromatism: juveniles and females usually have a small black spot at the rear base of the dorsal fin and (at least in Micronesia) lack yellow; males have a bright yellow snout and tail and sometimes, latter all orange in some regions; also lack the black spot. Biology: Found amongst rubble and coral of clear sheltered lagoons and subtidal reef flats. Occurs in groups of a male and several females or juveniles. Feeds on algae, pelagic tunicates and copepods. Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). An upper water column fish and natural diet consists mainly of zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet with some algae with two or three feedings per day. Does extremely well in the aquarium. Mature males have an orange tail except from some Indonesia areas where the tail is more yellow as is the ventral fins. Specimens from Great Barrier Reef sometimes have yellow on the throat as well. The female has a black spot at the base of the hindmost dorsal rays. Can become aggressive with age. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:47 +0000 Twinspot Damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=176&title=twinspot-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=176&amp;title=twinspot-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Twinspot_damselfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Twinspot_damselfish.jpg" alt="41Twinspot_damselfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chrysiptera biocellata Max. size: 12.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 0 - 5 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Samoa, Marshall and Gilbert Islands; Australia northwards to the Ryukyu Islands. Reported from Taiwan. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-14. Bluish or purplish spots at the posterior base of the dorsal fin. Juveniles with large ocellus that reduces with size and lacks completely in adults. The white band in young reduces to a small white saddle in large adults. Biology: Occurs in protected inner reef flats and shallow lagoons and channels, over rubble and rocky outcrops. Feeds primarily on filamentous algae Aquarium Care:Most damselfishes are extremely hardy, colorful, lively, and inexpensive. They are generally very territorial and will eat most foods. It is recommended they not be added to community aquariums until after all the more peaceful fishes have been placed into the system.Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists mostly of filamentous algae mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:47 +0000 Green Damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=171&title=green-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=171&amp;title=green-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="41green_damsel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41green_damsel.jpg" alt="41green_damsel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Abudefduf abdominalis Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 50 m Distribution: Eastern Central Pacific: Midway Islands and Hawaii southward to central Polynesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-15. Similar to A. bengalensis but has fewer vertical stripes, a black blotch on the posterior base of the dorsal and anal fins, and pointed caudal fin lobes. Biology: A schooling species found in quiet waters with rocky bottoms in inshore and offshore reefs; juveniles sometimes found in surge pools. Feeds on a variety of algae and zooplankton. Used as food by the Hawaiians Aquarium Care:Most damselfishes are extremely hardy, colorful, lively, and inexpensive. They are generally very territorial and will eat most foods. It is recommended they not be added to community aquariums until after all the more peaceful fishes have been placed into the system.Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists of algae and zooplankton. Can be quite aggressive. Requires a meaty diet with some algae and two or three feedings per day. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:46 +0000 Sergent Major Damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=172&title=sergent-major-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=172&amp;title=sergent-major-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="41sergent_major_damsel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41sergent_major_damsel.jpg" alt="41sergent_major_damsel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Abudefduf saxatilis Max. size: 22.9 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. published weight: 200 g Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 15 m Distribution: Atlantic Ocean: Rhode Island, USA to Uruguay in the western Atlantic, abundant on Caribbean reefs; around islands of the mid-Atlantic, Cape Verde, and along the tropical coast of western Africa south to Angola. This species is strictly an Atlantic species. It is replaced in the Indo-Pacific region by the closely related Abudefduf vaigiensis (G. Allen, pers. comm.). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 10-12. Greenish yellow above, shading to white below, with 5 prominent vertical black bars that narrow toward belly A faint sixth bar may be present posteriorly on caudal peduncle; a black spot at upper base of pectoral fin. The adult male becomes dark bluish, the black bars thus less conspicuous on the body. Biology: Juveniles are common in tide pools while adults found over shallow reef tops. Adults frequently form large feeding aggregations of up to several hundred individuals. Food items include algae, small crustaceans and fish, and various invertebrate larvae Ferfernando de Noronha Archipelago, this species feeds on spinner dolphins’ feces and vomits. The offal feeding may be regarded as a simple behavioral shift from plankton feeding to drifting offal picking. Also, juveniles may hold cleaning stations together with the doctorfish (Acanthurus chirurgus) and the blue tang (Acanthurus coeruleus) and graze algae as well as pick molted skin and parasites from green turtles (Chelonia mydas ). This behavior is preceded by a characteristic inspection usually followed by feeding nips on the turtles’ skin (head, limbs, and tail), as well as on the carapace. The most inspected and cleaned body parts are the flippers. Adult males adopt a bluish ground color when guarding eggs. Attracted to divers who feed fish. Marketed fresh. Has been reared in captivity Aquarium Care:Has a wide temperature range, and can easily exceed the preferred range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists mainly of small invertebrate and zooplankton. A hardy fish and that's putting it mildly! Not a good community fish, as it is quite aggressive. Requires a meaty diet with some algae and two or three feedings per day. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:46 +0000 Hawaiian Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=173&title=hawaiian-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=173&amp;title=hawaiian-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Hawaiian_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Hawaiian_chromis.jpg" alt="41Hawaiian_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis ovalis Max. size: 15.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 6 - 46 m Distribution: Eastern Pacific: endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Have recently been reported from Midway Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12-13 Biology: Collected from depths of 6 to 46 m. Sexual maturity at about 12.7 cm. Spawns from February through May. Its diet consists mainly of calanoid and cyclopoid copepods, but tunicates, mysids, euphausiids, crustacean larvae, larval polychaetes, siphonophores, and fish eggs are also taken. Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs.Has a temperature range of 72 - 79°F (22 - 26°C). Natural diet consists mostly of zooplankton. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:46 +0000 Golden Damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=169&title=golden-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=169&amp;title=golden-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="41golden_damsel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41golden_damsel.jpg" alt="41golden_damsel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Stegastes aureus Max. size: 11.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 5 m Distribution: Pacific Ocean: New Caledonia and the Gilbert, Line, Phoenix, Samoa, Tuamoto, and Marquesan island groups. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12. Body color is yellow. The pectoral, caudal and the rear edge of dorsal and anal fins are sometimes translucent with suffusion of yellow. The upper part of head and the antero-dorsal region of body brownish yellow. There is a pale blue band right below the eye connected with a band of same color running along side of snout. The lips are pale gray or brown. The base of uppermost pectoral ray has a small black spot; dorsal edge of the caudal peduncle, with a black saddle, about size of the eye or smaller. Biology: Inhabits inshore and offshore coral reefs. Aquarium Care:Most damselfishes are extremely hardy, colorful, lively, and inexpensive. They are generally very territorial and will eat most foods. It is recommended they not be added to community aquariums until after all the more peaceful fishes have been placed into the system.Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists mostly of zooplankton mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:45 +0000 Green Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=170&title=green-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=170&amp;title=green-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Chcae_u5.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Chcae_u5.jpg" alt="41Chcae_u5.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis caerulea Max. size: 6.5 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 12 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Line Islands and Tuamoto Archipelago. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 10-11 Biology: Occurs in lagoons, passages, and outer reef slopes. Feeds above rich beds of live coral. Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:45 +0000 Hawaiian Bicolor Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=167&title=hawaiian-bicolor-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=167&amp;title=hawaiian-bicolor-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Hawaiian_bicolor_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Hawaiian_bicolor_chromis.jpg" alt="41Hawaiian_bicolor_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis hanui Max. size: 6.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 6 - 50 m Distribution: Eastern Central Pacific: confined to the Hawaiian Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-14. Body short, almost round. Color is brown with a black spot on the pectoral fin base. The caudal fin, caudal peduncle and the adjacent portion of the dorsal and anal fins white. Biology: Inhabits inshore and offshore coral reefs. Found in aggregations above corals Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs.Has a temperature range of 74 - 79°F (23 - 26°C). Natural diet consists mostly of zooplankton mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:44 +0000 Yellow Tail Damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=168&title=yellow-tail-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=168&amp;title=yellow-tail-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Yellowtail_damselfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Yellowtail_damselfish.jpg" alt="41Yellowtail_damselfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Microspathodon chrysurus Max. size: 21.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 0 - 120 m Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and the Caribbean Sea. Including Antilles, Venezuela to Brazil. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-15; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12-13. Tail bright yellow. Juveniles dark blue with transparent tail and electric blue spots on side. Adults dark yellowish brown, the edges of the scales darker. Biology: A common territorial species that inhabits coral reefs, juveniles usually encountered among branches of yellow stinging coral, Millepora. Found in very shallow waters of coral reefs, usually near top of outer edge where there are caves, holes, and abundant fire coral. Feeds primarily on algae but also on polyps of fire coral and other invertebrate animal material. Juveniles occasionally pick parasites from other species of fish. Has been reared in captivity Aquarium Care:Most damselfishes are extremely hardy, colorful, lively, and inexpensive. They are generally very territorial and will eat most foods. It is recommended they not be added to community aquariums until after all the more peaceful fishes have been placed into the system.Has a temperature range of 72 - 79ºF (22 - 26ºC) and feeds mostly on algae, yet also the polyps of fire coral. Requires a meaty diet with some algae with two or three feedings per day. Juveniles have blue dots on a black body. Adults become brown, lose most of its blue spots, and have a yellow tail. Becomes very aggressive with age, and limit is one per tank. Should only be kept with larger and more aggressive fishes. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:06:44 +0000 Cobalt Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=166&title=cobalt-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=166&amp;title=cobalt-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Cobalt_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Cobalt_chromis.jpg" alt="41Cobalt_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis flavicauda Max. size: 7.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 50 - 61m Distribution: Western Atlantic: known only from Bermuda and Brazil. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 11. Body blue; dorsal fin blue, yellow distally; caudal peduncle, caudal and anal fins yellow; pelvic fins yellow at edges. Biology: Inhabits offshore reefs on relatively level bottoms, often covered with coralline algae rhodoliths. Aquarium Care: These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:01:39 +0000 Blue Axil Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=163&title=blue-axil-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=163&amp;title=blue-axil-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Blue-axil_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Blue-axil_chromis.jpg" alt="41Blue-axil_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis caudalis Max. size: 7.5 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 15 - 55m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to Indonesia and the Solomon Islands, north to the Philippines; Palau (Belau) to Pohnpei in Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12-13. Inner side of the pectoral fin base is deep blue. Biology: Found around ledges and the bases of small caves of steep outer reef slopes. Occurs in small groups that remain close to shelter Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:01:38 +0000 Blue Spotted Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=164&title=blue-spotted-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=164&amp;title=blue-spotted-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Blue-spotted_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Blue-spotted_chromis.jpg" alt="41Blue-spotted_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis dasygenys Max. size: 12.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 2 - 12 m Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: known only from Delagoa Bay, Mozambique to Durban, South Africa. Reported as likely at Seychelles but Randall and van Egmond 1994 believe otherwise. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12-13 Biology: Inhabits inshore rocky reefs and weed beds. Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:01:38 +0000 Canary Damsel http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=165&title=canary-damsel&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=165&amp;title=canary-damsel&amp;cat=508"><img title="41canary_damsel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41canary_damsel.jpg" alt="41canary_damsel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chrysiptera galba Max. size: 7.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 30 m Distribution: Western Pacific: Southeastern Oceania including Cook and Austral Islands, Rapa, and the Gambier, and Pitcairn groups. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 14-16 Biology: Inhabits passes and outer reef slopes. Aquarium Care:Most damselfishes are extremely hardy, colorful, lively, and inexpensive. They are generally very territorial and will eat most foods. It is recommended they not be added to community aquariums until after all the more peaceful fishes have been placed into the system mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:01:38 +0000 Blue Green Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=162&title=blue-green-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=162&amp;title=blue-green-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Blue_green_damselfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Blue_green_damselfish.jpg" alt="41Blue_green_damselfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis viridis Max. size: 8.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 10 - 12m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 9-11. Color is pale green to light blue; nesting male is yellow (changing hues during nesting), becoming blackish posteriorly. Looks similar to C. atripectoralis, but generally smaller and lacks the black area on the inside of the pectoral fin base. Biology: Found in large aggregations above thickets of branching Acropora corals in sheltered areas such as subtidal reef flats and lagoons. Juveniles closely tied to individual coral heads. Phytoplankton feeders. Breeding is done on sand and rubble. Males prepare nest for spawning which is shared with several females. Large number of eggs spawned hatching in 2-3 days. Males guard the nest ventilating fertilized egg with their caudal fins and feeding on those which do not hatch. Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs.Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). An upper water column fish and natural diet consists mainly of zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet with some algae with two or three feedings per day. Does extremely well in the aquarium, and better-maintained in small groups. One of the more popular Chromis species. <br /><br />3 comments mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:01:37 +0000 Black Axil Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=159&title=black-axil-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=159&amp;title=black-axil-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Black-axil_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Black-axil_chromis.jpg" alt="41Black-axil_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis atripectoralis Max. size: 12.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 1 - 29m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: most islands of Oceania except Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas, and Pitcairn Group; also Australia north to the Ryukyu Islands. The only confirmed records for the Indian Ocean are from the Seychelles, Thailand and Western Australia. Often confused with Chromis viridis. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 9-10. This species differs from the smaller blue-green C. viridis, by possessing a distinct black blotch on the inner pectoral axil. Biology: Inhabits clear lagoons, passages, and seaward reef slopes, in thickets of live or dead coral. Occurs in large aggregations feeding above staghorn Acropora corals. Stomach contents of individuals examined included mainly copepods, amphipods, and zoe Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs.Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists mainly of zooplankton. A hardy fish, and is easily kept in groups. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some algae with two or three feedings per day mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:00:23 +0000 Black Vent Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=160&title=black-vent-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=160&amp;title=black-vent-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Black-vent_damsel.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Black-vent_damsel.jpg" alt="41Black-vent_damsel.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Dischistodus melanotus Max. size: 16.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 12 m Distribution: Western Pacific: southern Japan and the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Philippines, Palau, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and the Great Barrier Reef. Reported from Vanuatu. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-14. Adults have a large black patch on the abdomen reaching the anus; juveniles an ocellus over the center of the dorsal fin base. Biology: Occurs in lagoon reefs and generally prefers small patch reefs with sand or rubble substrates. Feeds on benthic algae which it aggressively guards against other herbivores. Juveniles secretive in rubble Aquairum Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists mainly of algae mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:00:23 +0000 Blue Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=161&title=blue-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=161&amp;title=blue-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Blue_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Blue_chromis.jpg" alt="41Blue_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis cyanea Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 3 - 60 m Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and the Caribbean Sea. Including the Bahamas, Gulf of Mexico and Antilles. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12. Body bright blue, scarcely paler below, with black stripe. Black margin on spinous dorsal fin, upper and lower lobes of caudal fin and front of anal fin; no black spot at pectoral base. Biology: Common above deep outer reefs and feeds in aggregations of the small zooplankton, primarily copepods. Often with creole wrasse. Retreats into coral crevices when frightened Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs.Has a temperature range of 72 - 79ºF (22 - 26ºC). Natural diet consists mainly of zooplankton. A hardy fish and is easily kept in groups. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some algae with two or three feedings per day mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:00:23 +0000 Bicolor Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=156&title=bicolor-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=156&amp;title=bicolor-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Bicolor_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Bicolor_chromis.jpg" alt="41Bicolor_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis margaritifer Max. size: 9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 2 - 20m Distribution: Pacific Ocean: Christmas Island and northwestern Australia in the eastern Indian Ocean to as far east as the Line and Tuamoto Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 11-12. This fish is dark brown, nearly black, with caudal peduncle and caudal fin abruptly white. Its caudal fin lobes end in two filaments. A black spot is at the base of the pectoral fin. Dorsal fin spine tips blue. Biology: Usually seen singly or in small groups on coastal reefs, amongst mixed algae-coral reef or rocky reefs. Found on exposed seaward reefs; less abundant in lagoons and channels. Feeds on zooplankton Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists mostly of zooplankton mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:00:22 +0000 Black &amp; Gold Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=158&title=black26amp-3b-gold-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=158&amp;title=black26amp-3b-gold-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Black-and-gold_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Black-and-gold_chromis.jpg" alt="41Black-and-gold_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Neoglyphidodon nigroris Max. size: 13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 2 - 23m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea (Phuket), Malayan Archipelago, Indonesia, Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, Palau, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and northern Australia. Previously referred to as Paraglyphidodon behnii by Allen. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-15. Long-tailed and black as adults; juveniles distinctively yellow with two black stripes. Biology: Two forms: long-tailed and black as adults occurs in the Andaman Sea, ranging east to western Bali and north to Japan. Second form, probably valid as N. xanthurus occurs in the rest of the West Pacific and the two overlap in range on Bali's north coast. Occurs in coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs. Usually solitary. Feeds on algae, crustaceans, and pelagic tunicates and salps. Aquarium Care:Those in this genus are colorful when juveniles and fairly well tempered. However they loose their nice colors and turn mostly brown and evil-tempered as they get older.Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate, zooplankton, and some algae. Requires a meaty diet with some algae with two or three feedings per day. Get very bold with age. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:00:22 +0000 Ambon Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=154&title=ambon-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=154&amp;title=ambon-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Ambon_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Ambon_chromis.jpg" alt="41Ambon_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis amboinensis Max. size: 9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 5 - 70 m Distribution: Western Pacific: Christmas Island and the northwest shelf of Australia in the eastern Indian Ocean to as far east as Samoa and the Marshall Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12-13. This fish is deeper-bodied than C. atripes and lacks the dark spot on the pectoral-fin base found in C. agilis (it has a yellow bar instead). The tips of the caudal fin-lobes ending two filaments. The upper and lower edge of the caudal fin is dark brown. Juveniles have more blue around the eyes and the margins of the dorsal and anal fins, as well as elongate outermost caudal rays. Biology: Inhabits coral-rich areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Abundant on steep outer reef slopes below 24 m, uncommon in lagoons. Juveniles in large branching corals, adults mainly in caves. Found in aggregations Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C). Natural diet consists mostly of zooplankton.These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:00:21 +0000 Azores Chromis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=155&title=azores-chromis&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=155&amp;title=azores-chromis&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Azores_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Azores_chromis.jpg" alt="41Azores_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chromis limbata Max. size: 12.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 5 - 45m Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: including the Azores, Madeira, and the Canary Islands; also reported from west Africa between Senegal and Pointe Noire, Congo. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 10-12 Biology: Inhabits rocky reefs and sand-weed areas. Aquarium Care:These are schooling and peaceful damselfishes, and basically an open water feeder. They should be kept in schools/shoals of three or more. Feed a varied diet a few times daily. Meaty foods such as vitamin-enriched brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake foods high in vegetable matter, and other quality frozen foods are the preferred foodstuffs. Has a temperature range of 70 - 79°F (21 - 26°C). Natural diet consists mostly of zooplankton with some algae mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:00:21 +0000 Bicolor Damselfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=152&title=bicolor-damselfish&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=152&amp;title=bicolor-damselfish&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Bicolor_damselfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Bicolor_damselfish.jpg" alt="41Bicolor_damselfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Stegastes partitus Max. size: 10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 0 - 100m Distribution: Western Atlantic: including southern Florida (USA), Bahamas, and the Caribbean. Probably extending to Brazil. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-17; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-15. Exhibits geographic color variations. Body dark in front, becoming abruptly yellow between last dorsal spine and anal fin origin. Biology: Inhabits shallow coral reefs and isolated patch reefs in deeper water. Feeds primarily on algae but also on polychaetes, hydroids, copepods and ascidians. Aggressively territorial but only around a small area. Taken incidentally in traps and small-meshed beach nets Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 79°F (22 - 26°C). Natural diet consists mostly of algae, yet also feeds on some benthic invertebrate mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:00:20 +0000 Deep reef Damsel http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=153&title=deep-reef-damsel&cat=508 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=153&amp;title=deep-reef-damsel&amp;cat=508"><img title="41Deep_reef_chromis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/508/thumbs/41Deep_reef_chromis.jpg" alt="41Deep_reef_chromis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Max. size: 12.5 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 90 - 152 m Distribution: Southwest Pacific: off southeastern Australia and the Norfolk Island Ridge. Aquarium Care:Most damselfishes are extremely hardy, colorful, lively, and inexpensive. They are generally very territorial and will eat most foods. It is recommended they not be added to community aquariums until after all the more peaceful fishes have been placed into the system. mojoreef Fri, 24 Dec 2004 14:00:20 +0000