Reef Frontiers en-us http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish Thu, 19 Apr 2018 16:20:28 -0500 PhotoPost Pro 7.0 60 PJ's Red- tooth triggerfish. http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=919&title=pj-27s-redtooth-triggerfish-&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=919&amp;title=pj-27s-redtooth-triggerfish-&amp;cat=510"><img title="0019.JPG" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/0019.JPG" alt="0019.JPG" /></a><br /><br />by: fishybuis<br /><br />Description: A triggerfish named Bozo. fishybuis Mon, 08 May 2006 22:43:43 -0500 PJ's Picasso triggerfish. http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=917&title=pj-27s-picasso-triggerfish-&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=917&amp;title=pj-27s-picasso-triggerfish-&amp;cat=510"><img title="0020.JPG" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/0020.JPG" alt="0020.JPG" /></a><br /><br />by: fishybuis<br /><br />Description: A triggerfish named Honky. fishybuis Mon, 08 May 2006 22:16:42 -0500 Sargassum Triggerfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=832&title=sargassum-triggerfish&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=832&amp;title=sargassum-triggerfish&amp;cat=510"><img title="Xringens.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/Xringens.jpg" alt="Xringens.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: NaH2O<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Xanthichthys ringens Common Name: Sargassum Triggerfish/Trigger Max Size: 25.0 cm Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 25 - 80 m Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA and Bermuda to Brazil. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 26-29; Anal soft rays: 23-27. Three prominent diagonal grooves running from below and behind mouth nearly to gill opening; light brownish gray with rows of dark brown spots on body; grooves on head dark brown; caudal fin pale with orange-red upper and lower borders and a large orange-red crescent posteriorly. Biology: Inhabits seaward reef slopes, usually well below 30 m, where in some places they are among the most common fish. Young live among floating Sargassum. Solitary or in small groups. Feeds on crabs and sea urchins. Spawns in deep water. Aquarium Care: A gregarious fish and a great trigger for a community tank. The Sargassum Trigger can be kept in small groups in large aquariums. Once acclimated, the Sargassum Trigger may pick on smaller fish, however, the aggression is more likely in a smaller tank when hiding spots are limited. This species enjoys strong water movement and a lot of swimming space. It is sometimes observed swimming into the current of tanks. Not a great threat to equipment, and rarely rearranges decor. This species of triggers can be kept in a reef aquarium. It usually will ignore sessile invertebrates, but as it grows larger, this trigger may eat ornamental shrimp. Feed a mixed diet of meaty foods, including clams, squid, shrimp, and also frozen vitamin enriched foods with marine algae. NaH2O Mon, 15 Aug 2005 10:42:40 -0500 Bluelined Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=342&title=bluelined-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=342&amp;title=bluelined-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Bluelined_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Bluelined_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Bluelined_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus Max. size: 35.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 15 - 200 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: St. Brandon's Shoal (western Indian Ocean) through Indonesia to the Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyus. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 26-28; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 23-25 Biology: Occurs in deep seaward reefs. One collection outside Micronesia was made at 15 m . Exhibits sexual dimorphism Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:47:52 -0600 Halfmoon Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=339&title=halfmoon-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=339&amp;title=halfmoon-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Halfmoon_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Halfmoon_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Halfmoon_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Sufflamen chrysopterum Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; Ref. 30573) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 30 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa south to the Chalumna River, South Africa (Ref. 11228) and east to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Replaced by closely related Sufflamen albicaudatus in the Red Sea (Ref. 37816). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 26-28; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 23-26. Juveniles dark brown above, white below (Ref. 1602). Adult variable in color; the bar running through the pectoral base can either be yellow or black, and some individuals may be largely yellowish posteriorly (Ref. 1602). Biology: Occur in shallow lagoon and seaward reefs. Solitary and territorial. Feed on a wide variety of invertebrates. mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:47:51 -0600 Masked Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=340&title=masked-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=340&amp;title=masked-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Masked_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Masked_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Masked_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Sufflamen fraenatum Max. size: 38.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; oceanodromous; marine ; depth range 8 - 186 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa south to Natal, South Africa and east to the Hawaiian, Marquesas and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-31; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 24-28. Juveniles sand-colored with numerous thin black pinstripes; adult males with an oblique yellow band from the corner of mouth backward and another under the chin. Biology: Found over sand and rubble patches of seaward reefs. Feed on echinoids, fishes, mollusks, tunicates, crustaceans, algae, polychaete worms, foraminiferans and detritus. Oviparous Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:47:51 -0600 Gilded Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=341&title=gilded-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=341&amp;title=gilded-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Xaaur_u1.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Xaaur_u1.jpg" alt="41Xaaur_u1.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Xanthichthys auromarginatus Common Names: Gilded Trigger/Triggerfish, Bluechin Triggerfish, Blue-throat Trigger Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 8 - 150 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, north to the Ryukyus, south to Cocos-Keeling Atoll and New Caledonia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-30; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 25-27. Females lack the blue chins of males. Biology: Occur in upper margins of current-swept seaward drop-offs and ledges. Form loose aggregations a few meters above the bottom where it feeds on zooplankton, particularly copepods. Oviparous Aquarium Care: Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet that consists mainly of zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. A good community fish, however, it should be the last fish introduced<br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:47:51 -0600 Redtail Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=337&title=redtail-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=337&amp;title=redtail-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Redtail_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Redtail_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Redtail_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Xanthichthys mento Max. size: 29.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 100 m Distribution: Western Pacific: southern Japan and the Ryukyu, Izu, Marcus, Wake and Hawaiian islands. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA and the Pitcairn, Easter, Revillagigedo, Clipperton, and the Galapagos islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 29-32; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 26-29. Males are straw-yellow with each scale outlined in black creating a crosshatched appearance, and a red tail with neon submarginal blue band. Females are also crosshatched, but with a slate gray to blue ground color and tail. Biology: Found mainly around oceanic islands and near reefs along the continental coasts. Found in schools in seaward reefs above drop-offs Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 68 - 81°F (20 - 27°C) and has a natural diet that consists mainly of zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day.<br /><br />3 comments mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:47:50 -0600 Boomerang / Bursa Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=338&title=boomerang2f-bursa-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=338&amp;title=boomerang2f-bursa-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Boomerang_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Boomerang_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Boomerang_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Sufflamen bursa Max. size: 25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 90 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian, Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef in Australia, New Caledonia, and Rapa. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-30; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 25-27. The characteristic scythe mark crossing the pectoral base is yellowish-tan to green in juveniles and subadults. Biology: Occur in seaward reefs below the surge zone. Feed on crabs, bivalves, gastropods, algae, echinoids, tunicates, worms, eggs, and detritus. Oviparous Aquarium Care: Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 ­ 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. May be fairly peaceful as a juvenile, yet can get more aggressive with age<br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:47:50 -0600 Blue Throat Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=336&title=blue-throat-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=336&amp;title=blue-throat-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Bluethroat_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Bluethroat_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Bluethroat_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Sufflamen albicaudatum Max. size: 22.0 cm TL (male) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 2 - 20 m Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to the Gulf of Oman. Biology: Inhabits open bottoms with scattered corals or rubble Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 ­ 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. May be fairly peaceful as a juvenile, yet can get more aggressive with age mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:47:49 -0600 Halfmoon Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=335&title=halfmoon-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=335&amp;title=halfmoon-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Suchr_u5.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Suchr_u5.jpg" alt="41Suchr_u5.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Sufflamen chrysopterum Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 30 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa south to the Chalumna River, South Africa and east to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Replaced by closely related Sufflamen albicaudatus in the Red Sea. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 26-28; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 23-26. Juveniles dark brown above, white below. Adult variable in color; the bar running through the pectoral base can either be yellow or black, and some individuals may be largely yellowish posteriorly. Biology: Occur in shallow lagoon and seaward reefs. Solitary and territorial. Feed on a wide variety of invertebrates Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:09 -0600 Blackbar/Humahuma Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=333&title=blackbar-2fhumahuma-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=333&amp;title=blackbar-2fhumahuma-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Blackbar_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Blackbar_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Blackbar_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Rhinecanthus aculeatus Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range - 50 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to South Africa and east to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia. Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to South Africa. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 23-26; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 21-23 Biology: Commonly found in subtidal reef flats and shallow protected lagoons. Territorial. Feed on algae, detritus, mollusks, crustaceans, worms, sea urchins, fishes, corals, tunicates, forams, and eggs. Oviparous. Sleep on its side; makes a whirring noise when alarmed Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, benthic invertebrate and some algae. Requires a varied diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, other meaty type frozen foods and some green algae such as kelp or Spirulina flake. Should have two or three feedings per day. May be fairly peaceful as a juvenile, yet can get more aggressive with age. Should be housed with similar sized fishes and in nothing less than a 55 gallon aquarium. mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:08 -0600 Picasso Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=334&title=picasso-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=334&amp;title=picasso-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Picasso_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Picasso_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Picasso_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Rhinecanthus assasi Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. Biology: Inhabits shallow sandy and rubble areas of coral reefs. Juveniles are commonly found on reef flats. Feeds on benthic invertebrates Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 83°F (22 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a varied diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, other meaty type frozen foods and some green algae such as kelp or Spirulina flake. Should have two or three feedings per day. mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:08 -0600 Red Tothed Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=330&title=red-tothed-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=330&amp;title=red-tothed-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Redtoothed_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Redtoothed_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Redtoothed_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Odonus niger Family: Balistidae Max. size: 50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; oceanodromous; marine ; depth range 5 - 40 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa and east to the Marquesas and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef in Australia and New Caledonia; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 33-36; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 28-31 Biology: Occur in current-swept seaward coral reefs. Usually form aggregations and feed on zooplankton as well as sponges. Juveniles associated with isolated patches of rubble or crevices with proper-sized shelter holes. Oviparous aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day.People say they are reef safe, yet, that's not a proven fact. And if fed well, it makes an interesting reef fish, yet still maintains a liking for shrimp and much smaller fishes.<br /><br />2 comments mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:07 -0600 Yellow Margin http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=331&title=yellow-margin&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=331&amp;title=yellow-margin&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Yellowmargin_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Yellowmargin_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Yellowmargin_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Pseudobalistes flavimarginatus Max. size: 60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 2 - 50 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea south to Natal, South Africa and east through Indonesia to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Samoa. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24-27; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 22-25. Scales relatively large. Biology: Found on lagoon slope and floor, also coral reefs. Generally solitary or in pairs. Feeds on tips of coral branches, gastropods, crustaceans, foraminiferans, and tunicates and also on sea urchins. Oviparous Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. Has a habit of blowing away sand to expose benthic invertebrate. Extremely aggressive and very possibly should only be housed with own family members. May blow jests of water into the sand in search of prey, and will probably rearrange aquarium décor. Will eat corals. mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:07 -0600 Wedgetail Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=332&title=wedgetail-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=332&amp;title=wedgetail-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Wedge-tail_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Wedge-tail_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Wedge-tail_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Rhinecanthus rectangulus Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 0 - 20 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to East London, South Africa and eastward through Indonesia to the Marquesan Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 22-25; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 20-22. Body orange-brown above; head and belly white; soft dorsal, anal and pectoral fins pale; caudal fin dusky. Biology: Occur in shallow outer reefs subject to surge. Commonly found over barren rock or the spur-and-groove zone where there is a mixture of bare rock, rubble, and coral. Feed on algae, detritus, mollusks, crustaceans, worms, echinoderms, fishes, sponges, foraminiferans, and eggs. Territorial. Oviparous Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. May be fairly peaceful as a juvenile, yet can get more aggressive with age.<br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:07 -0600 Black Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=328&title=black-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=328&amp;title=black-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Black_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Black_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Black_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Melichthys niger Max. size: 50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 0 - 75 m Distribution:Circumtropical. Western Pacific: Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands eastward to the Tuamoto Islands; throughout Micronesia. Eastern Pacific: San Diego, California, USA to Malpelo Island, Colombia. Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bahamas to Brazil. Absent in Gulf of Mexico. Eastern Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks, St. Helena, Ascension Island, Rolas Island, and Cape Verde. São Tomé Island. Western Indian Ocean: Durban, Natal, South Africa. Uncommon in most areas but abundant around isolated oceanic islands . Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 30-35; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 28-31. A dark greenish-black triggerfish with purplish overtones. Pale blue lines along bases of soft dorsal and anal fins. Scales of rear part of body have prominent keels that form longitudinal ridges. Biology: Inhabits clear seaward reefs. More common around oceanic islands. Diet consists primarily of calcareous algae and zooplankton; also feeds on phytoplankton Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 59 - 83°F (15 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:06 -0600 Pinktail http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=329&title=pinktail&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=329&amp;title=pinktail&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Pinktail_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Pinktail_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Pinktail_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Melichthys vidua Max. size: 40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 4 - 60 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa south to Durban, South Africa and east to the Hawaiian, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef in Australia and New Caledonia; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 31-35; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 28-31. Juveniles with dark lines radiating from eye and dark lines on anal and soft dorsal fins. Biology: Occur in seaward reefs to depths greater than 60 m. Common in coral-rich areas exposed to currents. Diet consists mainly of algae and detritus but also takes in crustaceans, octopuses, sponges, and fishes. Oviparous Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. One of the more peaceful triggerfishes. And, if fed well, it makes an interesting reef fish, yet still maintains a liking for shrimp! A good community fish, however, it should be the last fish introduced and may have an appetite for much smaller fishes. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:06 -0600 Yellow Spotted http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=326&title=yellow-spotted&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=326&amp;title=yellow-spotted&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Yellow-spotted_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Yellow-spotted_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Yellow-spotted_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Pseudobalistes fuscus Max. size: 55.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range - 50 m Distribution:Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa and east to the Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef in Australia and New Caledonia; throughout Micronesia. Uncommon in the Pacific. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24-27; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 19-24. Dark brown, scales with yellow spot; pectoral, soft dorsal, anal and caudal fins dark with yellow margins; juveniles yellowish brown with bluish grey spots and blotches. Juveniles under about 5 cm, tan with dark saddles and numerous dark wavy lines on the body. Larger juveniles loose the dark saddles and become covered in a network of brilliant blue lines which become increasingly interconnected with growth. Biology: Occur in clear shallow lagoons and seaward reefs; sandy areas near reef patches of reef edge are preferred. Feed on sea urchins, crustaceans, mollusks, dead fish, tunicates or corals. Oviparous Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. Has a habit of blowing away sand to expose benthic invertebrate. Extremely aggressive and very possibly should only be housed with own family members. May blow jests of water into the sand in search of prey, and will probably rearrange aquarium décor. Will eat corals mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:05 -0600 Black Belly Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=327&title=black-belly-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=327&amp;title=black-belly-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Blackbelly_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Blackbelly_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Blackbelly_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Rhinecanthus verrucosus Max. size: 23.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 0 - 20 m Distribution:Gazetteer Indo-West Pacific: in tropical waters, from Chagos Archipelago through Indonesia to the Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Vanuatu. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 23-26; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 21-23 Biology: Inhabit subtidal reef flats and protected lagoons. Oviparous Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 19:18:05 -0600 Queen Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=323&title=queen-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=323&amp;title=queen-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Queen_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Queen_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Queen_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Balistes vetula Max. size: 60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. published weight: 5,440 g Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 2 - 275 m Distribution:Gazetteer Eastern Atlantic: Ascension, Cape Verde, and Azores; ranges south to southern Angola. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to southeastern Brazil. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 29-32; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 27-29. Greenish or bluish gray on back, orange-yellow on lower part of head and abdomen, with two broad diagonal curved bright blue bands running from snout to below and in front of pectoral fins, the lowermost continuous with a blue ring around lips; a broad blue bar across caudal peduncle, and blue sub-marginal bands in median fins. Biology: Found over rocky or coral areas. May form schools, sometimes solitary over sand and grassy areas. Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates. It preys on sea urchins by blowing water to overturn it and then attacks it where the spines are short Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 79°F (22 - 26°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, and invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. Extremely aggressive and very possibly should only be housed with its own family members. Will rearrange aquarium décor, bite airline tubing, possibly break heater tubes, and scratch aquarium side panels. Pretty, but a monster! mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 18:57:16 -0600 Titan Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=324&title=titan-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=324&amp;title=titan-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Bavir_u2.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Bavir_u2.jpg" alt="41Bavir_u2.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Balistoides viridescens Family: Balistidae (Triggerfishes) Max. size: 75.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 50 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Delagoa Bay, Mozambique and east to the Line and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24-26; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 22-24. Fish has a deep grove before eye; scaleless area around lips, continuing and narrowing posterior to corner of mouth; small forward-curving spines in about five rows on side of and a short distance anterior to caudal peduncle. Caudal peduncle compressed. Biology: Occur in lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles often associated with isolated patches of branching coral or rubble of shallow sandy protected areas. Adults occur singly or in pairs on the slopes of deep lagoon or seaward reefs . Feed on sea urchins, coral, crabs and other crustaceans, mollusks and tube worms. Oviparous. Largest triggerfish; females are reported to have attacked divers when guarding their nest Aquarium Care: Not reccomended for aquariums mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 18:57:16 -0600 Clown Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=325&title=clown-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=325&amp;title=clown-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Clown_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Clown_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Clown_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Balistoides conspicillum Max. size: 50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; brackish; marine ; depth range 1 - 75 m Distribution:Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: East Africa south to Durban, South Africa and east through Indonesia to Samoa, north to southern Japan and south to New Caledonia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 25-27; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 21-27; Vertebrae: 18. Unique color pattern of large white spots on belly, black spots on yellow background on the back, yellow snout. A white or yellowish band across snout in front of eye. Lips and the area around mouth orange-yellow. A broad vertical white, slightly yellowish band on caudal fin. Scales enlarged above pectoral-fin base and just behind gill opening to form a flexible tympanum. Rows of small anteriorly projecting spines on caudal peduncle. A prominent groove extending anteriorly from front of eye for a distance of about 1 eye diameter. Mouth terminal. Caudal peduncle compressed. 39-50 rows of plate-like scales. Biology: A solitary species that occurs in clear seaward reefs adjacent to steep drop-offs. Uncommon to rare throughout most of its range. Diet consists of sea urchins, crabs and other crustaceans, mollusks, and tunicates Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. Can sometimes be a candidate for mixed company systems where other fishes are the same size, yet can also be extremely aggressive. Don't say you were not warned. Beautiful fish, but this species may be better/more safely kept with its own same size family members<br /><br />3 comments mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 18:57:16 -0600 Blue Spotted Triger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=321&title=blue-spotted-triger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=321&amp;title=blue-spotted-triger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Bluespotted_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Bluespotted_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Bluespotted_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Balistes punctatus Max. size: 60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. published weight: 1,800 g; max. published weight: 28 kg Environment: demersal; marine ; depth range 0 - 200 m Distribution:Gazetteer Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Angola, including Madeira, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde. Biology: Found over sand and rock bottoms of coastal waters. Feeds on crabs and bivalves Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 79°F (22 - 26°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day. mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 18:57:15 -0600 Fine Scale Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=322&title=fine-scale-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=322&amp;title=fine-scale-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Bapol_u1.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Bapol_u1.jpg" alt="41Bapol_u1.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Balistes polylepis Max. size: 76.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 36 m Distribution: Eastern Pacific: San Francisco, California, USA to Callao, Peru, including the Galapagos Islands. Biology: Occurs in rocky reefs, boulder strewn slopes and adjacent areas of sand. Adults demersal; young pelagic. Feeds on sea urchins, small crustaceans and mollusks Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 79°F (22 - 26°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 18:57:15 -0600 Orangelined Triger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=318&title=orangelined-triger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=318&amp;title=orangelined-triger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Orange-lined_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Orange-lined_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Orange-lined_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Balistapus undulatus Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 2 - 50 m Distribution:Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Natal, South Africa and east to the Line, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24-27; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 20-24. Scales enlarged above the pectoral-fin base and just behind the gill opening to form a flexible tympanum; scales of caudal peduncle with 2 longitudinal rows of large anterior-projecting spines. No groove in front of eye. Caudal peduncle compressed. Color: dark green to dark brown with oblique curved orange lines on posterior head and body; an oblique band of narrow blue and orange stripes from around the mouth to below the pectoral fin; a large round black blotch around peduncular spines; rays of soft dorsal, anal and pectoral fins orange; caudal fin orange. Biology: Occurs in coral-rich areas of deep lagoon and seaward reefs from the lower surge zone to at least 50 m. Feeds on a variety of benthic organisms such as algae, echinoderms, fishes, mollusks, tunicates, sponges, and hydrozoans. Has a territorial nature. Eggs laid as one cluster in a shallow excavation on sand or rubble along channels Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 81°F (22 - 27°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton, small fishes, invertebrate, and just about anything else that moves. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, and meaty type frozen foods and with two or three feedings per day. Either keep it by itself or only with other tough members of its family<br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 18:57:14 -0600 Indian Triger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=319&title=indian-triger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=319&amp;title=indian-triger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Indian_triggerfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Indian_triggerfish.jpg" alt="41Indian_triggerfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Melichthys indicus Max. size: 25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 2 - 30 m Distribution: Indian Ocean: Red Sea and East Africa eastward to western Thailand and Sumatra, Indonesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 30-35; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 27-30. Narrow white margin round caudal fin; live specimens bluish or violet. Biology: Inhabits coral-rich seaward reef slopes. Occurs singly. Feeds on sponges, algae, crustaceans and small invertebrates Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 83°F (22 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of sponges, algae, and small benthic crustaceans. Requires a meaty diet, including fortified brine shrimp, mysis, chopped fish or shrimp flesh, and meaty type frozen carnivore foods with two or three feedings per day<br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 18:57:14 -0600 Starry Trigger http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=320&title=starry-trigger&cat=510 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=320&amp;title=starry-trigger&amp;cat=510"><img title="41Abste_u7.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/510/thumbs/41Abste_u7.jpg" alt="41Abste_u7.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Abalistes stellaris Family: Balistidae (Triggerfishes) Max. size: 60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; Ref. ) Environment: demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); marine Climate: tropical; 32°N - 24°S Importance: fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial Resilience: Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary tmax (3/K) or low-fecundity Order) Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Southeast Asia, north to Japan and south to northern Australia. Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena and south coasts of Africa (Ref. 7348). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 25-27; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 24-26. Scales enlarged above the pectoral fin base and just behind the gill slit to form a flexible tympanum; scales of posterior body with prominent keels, forming longitudinal ridges. A prominent groove in the skin extending anteriorly from front of eye for a distance of about 1 eye diameter. Caudal peduncle depressed. Caudal fin rays of adults prolonged above and below. Biology: Inhabit coastal areas, usually found over muddy and sandy bottoms, also around reefs, together with the sponges and algae (Ref. 5213). Feed on benthic animals mojoreef Sat, 25 Dec 2004 18:57:14 -0600