Reef Frontiers en-us http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish Mon, 22 Oct 2018 20:59:22 +0000 PhotoPost Pro 7.0 60 picshow_50_ http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=837&title=picshow-50-&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=837&amp;title=picshow-50-&amp;cat=516"><img title="picshow_50_.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/picshow_50_.jpg" alt="picshow_50_.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: <br /><br />1 comment Sat, 08 Oct 2005 07:09:03 +0000 Spotted Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=429&title=spotted-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=429&amp;title=spotted-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Hikud_u0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Hikud_u0.jpg" alt="41Hikud_u0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Hippocampus kuda Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; brackish; marine ; depth range - 68 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Pakistan and India to southern Japan, Hawaii, and the Society Islands. This name is used for maybe 10 distinct species in the Indo-Pacific. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-18; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 4. Description: (based on 80 specimens): Adult height: 7.0-17.0cm. Rings: 11 36 (34-38). Snout length: 2.3 (2.0-2.6) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17-18 covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 16 (15-18). Coronet: low-medium, rounded, overhanging at the back, often with a cup-like depression in the top; sometimes with broad flanges; not spiny. Spines: low, rounded bumps only. Other distinctive characters: deep head; deep body; thick snout. Color pattern: often totally black with a grainy texture; alternatively pale yellow or cream with fairly large, dark spots (especially females); may be sandy colored, blending in with the surroundings. Biology: Inhabits seagrass and marine algae areas of estuaries and seaward reefs; also on steep mud slopes. Found in open water and attached to drifting Sargassum up to 20 km from shore. Adults in pairs mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:19:29 +0000 Sea Pony http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=430&title=sea-pony&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=430&amp;title=sea-pony&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Hifus_f0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Hifus_f0.jpg" alt="41Hifus_f0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Hippocampus fuscus Max. size: 12.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 0 - 2 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, and Sri Lanka. Records from South Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius and Réunion are questionable. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-17. Description: (based on 21 specimens): Adult height: 8.0-12.0cm. Rings: 11 34 (33-37). Snout length: 2.7 (2.4-3.0) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 16 (14-17) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 15 (14-16). Coronet: low, arch of neck a smooth curve, or slightly raised and rough. Spines: low, smooth to slightly developed. Other distinctive characters: head large compared to body; deep head. Color pattern: usually dark but can be bright yellow; specimens from Suez are pale with marbled pattern of brown lines on trunk and head. Biology: Length type refers to height (= TL - head length). Occurs in eelgrass beds (Zostera sp.) in lagoons mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:19:29 +0000 Pygmy Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=431&title=pygmy-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=431&amp;title=pygmy-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Pygmy_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Pygmy_seahorse.jpg" alt="41Pygmy_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Hippocampus bargibanti Max. size: 2.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 16 - 40 m Distribution: Western Central Atlantic: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, and New Caledonia. Conservation status: data deficient. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15. Description based on 4 specimens: Adult height, less than 2.0 cm. Rings, 11-12 31-34. Snout length is greater than 4.0 in head length. Dorsal fin rays, 13-15 covering 1 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays, 10. Coronet, a rounded knob. Spine, as irregular bulbous tubercles scattered over body and tail; a single prominent rounded eye spine; a single low rounded cheek spine. Other distinctive characters: head and body very fleshy, mostly without recognizable body rings; ventral portion of trunk segments incomplete; snout extremely short. Color pattern: two color morphs are known: (a) pale grey or purple with pink or red tubercles (found on gorgonian coral Muricella plectana) and (b) yellow with orange tubercles (found on gorgonian coral Muricella paraplectana). Biology: Only known to occur on gorgonian corals of the genus Muricella, with up to 28 pairs on a single gorgonian. The tubercles and truncated snout of this species match the color and shape of the polyps of the host gorgonian, while its body matches the gorgonian stem. So extreme is this camouflage that the original specimens were only noticed after their host gorgonian had been collected and observed in an aquarium. Post-pelagic young settle on various hosts, but to breed, they appear to prefer the red polyp Muricella spp. that usually grow in depths over 20 m mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:19:29 +0000 Tigertail Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=427&title=tigertail-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=427&amp;title=tigertail-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Hicom_f0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Hicom_f0.jpg" alt="41Hicom_f0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Hippocampus comes Max. size: 16.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range - 20 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Central Pacific: Malaysia, Singapore, Viet Nam and Philippines. Confused with Hippocampus kuda. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-19. Description: (based on 27 specimens): Adult height: 10.7-14.6cm. Rings: 11 35-36 (34-37). Snout length: 2.2 (1.9-2.5) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 18 (17-19) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 17 (16-19). Coronet: small and quite low, with five distinct rounded knobs or spines Spines: knob-like and blunt, to well-developed and quite sharp; often with dark band around them near tip. Other distinctive characters: cheek spines double; double spines below, and sometimes also above eye; prominent, sharp nose spine; snout long and slender. Color pattern: commonly hues of yellow and black, sometimes alternating; striped tail (although this may not be visible in dark specimens); mottled or blotched pattern on body; may have fine white lines radiating from eye. Biology: Length type refers to height (= TL - head length). This species is mainly found in pairs on coral reefs, sponge gardens, kelp, and floating Sargassum. Nocturnal, site faithful. Life span probably more than 2-3 years mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:19:28 +0000 Thorny Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=428&title=thorny-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=428&amp;title=thorny-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Hihis_u1.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Hihis_u1.jpg" alt="41Hihis_u1.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Hippocampus histrix Max. size: 17.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range - 82 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Tanzania and South Africa to Hawaii and Tahiti, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia. Reported from the Arafura Sea. This name is used for at least four distinct species. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-18; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 4. Description: (based on 22 specimens): Adult height: 7.9-13.5cm. Rings: 11 35 (34-37). Snout length: 1.7-2.0 in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17 (15-18) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 18 (17-20). Coronet: medium, with four or five very long, very sharp spines. Spines: extremely long and sharp; all spines well-developed. Other distinctive characters: very long snout (more than 1/2 head length); single cheek spine; dorsal fin base very short; always has at least as many pectoral as dorsal fin rays (whereas most species have more dorsal fin rays); sharp ventral keel; prominent spine in front of coronet. Color pattern: base color variable, including pale pink, yellow or green; spines often dark tipped; may have pale ‘saddles’, often filled with small dark spots, across dorsolateral surfaces; snout not striped. Biology: A rare inhabitant of shallow sheltered reefs, found among clumps of algae or in seagrass beds. Large adults are pelagic and probably associated with drifting debris. Associated with sponges and sea-squirts <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:19:28 +0000 Zebra Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=423&title=zebra-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=423&amp;title=zebra-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Hizeb_m0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Hizeb_m0.jpg" alt="41Hizeb_m0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Hippocampus zebra Max. size: 8.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Western Central Pacific: northeastern Australia. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17. Description: (based on 3 specimens): Adult height: 7.0-8.0cm. Rings: 11 38-39. Snout length: 2.1-2.2 in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17 covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 15-16. Coronet: medium, conical, with five tiny points on top (not splayed). Spines: very low, small and sharp, or none. Other distinctive characters: prominent sharp eye spine. Color pattern: black (or dark brown) and white striped all over. Biology: Found inshore on reef areas mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:19:27 +0000 Whites Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=424&title=whites-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=424&amp;title=whites-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Hiwhi_u0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Hiwhi_u0.jpg" alt="41Hiwhi_u0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Hippocampus whitei Max. size: 13.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 1 - 46 m Distribution: Gazetteer Southwest Pacific: Solomon Islands and Australia. Records from southern Mozambique and Natal, South Africa are misidentifications of Hippocampus camelopardalis. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-17; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 4. Description: (based on 31 specimens): Adult height: 6.0-13.0cm. Rings: 11 35 (32-36). Snout length: 2.3 (2.0-2.7) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 18 (16-20) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 16-17 (15-18). Coronet: high, inclined backwards with seven sharp angles or points at top. Spines: variable, low to moderately developed and rounded to quite sharp. Other distinctive characters: long snout; prominent, sharp eye spines; single or double cheek spines; head quite narrow. Color pattern: dull greyish brown to yellow; often mottled brown with a net-like pattern of reticulating dark lines; may have ‘saddles’ of paler color across dorsolateral surface. Biology: In shallow, weedy inshore areas and Zostera seagrass beds; also on sponges. Also under jetties on holdfasts of kelp, and on other man-made structures such as shark nets. Diurnal and site faithful <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:19:27 +0000 Jayakars Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=416&title=jayakars-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=416&amp;title=jayakars-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Jayakar_s_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Jayakar_s_seahorse.jpg" alt="41Jayakar_s_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Hippocampus jayakari Max. size: 13.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; non-migratory; marine Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea and Arabian Sea. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-19. Description: (based on 8 specimens): Adult height: 11.0-13.0cm. Rings: 11 38-39. Snout length: 2.1 (1.9-2.4) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 18-19 covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 17-18 Coronet: low-medium with four very long sharp spines. Spines: very long and sharp; no spines on alternate tail rings. Other distinctive characters: double cheek spine (usually); double spine below eye; very long, sharp spine in front of coronet and above eye. Color pattern: pale cream or beige colored; often with a pattern of large white spots on body and face; spines with a broad dark band near tip; dark mid-ventral line. Biology: Found in seagrass beds, e.g. Halophila spp. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:03:33 +0000 Knysna Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=417&title=knysna-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=417&amp;title=knysna-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Knysna_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Knysna_seahorse.jpg" alt="41Knysna_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Hippocampus capensis Max. size: 11.2 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; non-migratory; brackish; marine ; depth range 0 - 20 m Distribution: Southeast Atlantic: endemic to South Africa. Hippocampus capensis has the smallest known range of any seahorse and was the first to be assessed as threatened on the IUCN Red List, in 1994. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-18; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 3. Description: (based on 96 specimens): Adult height: 5.3-11.2cm. Rings: 11 34 (32-37). Snout length: ca. 3.0 in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17 (16-18) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 15 (14-17). Coronet: none, arch of neck is a smooth curve; juveniles may have a very small coronet but this disappears as they mature. Spines: none on body; very short and blunt on tail Other distinctive characters: short snout; male with slight keel. Color pattern: usually mottled greenish or brownish; can have scattered dark spots on body. Biology: Found in bays and estuaries among submerged vegetation; diurnal. Tolerates salinities from 1-59 ppt mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:03:33 +0000 Dhilos Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=418&title=dhilos-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=418&amp;title=dhilos-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Dhiho_s_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Dhiho_s_seahorse.jpg" alt="41Dhiho_s_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Hippocampus sindonis Max. size: 8.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; non-migratory; marine Distribution: Northwest Pacific: Japan. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:03:33 +0000 Denises Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=419&title=denises-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=419&amp;title=denises-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Denise_s_pygmy_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Denise_s_pygmy_seahorse.jpg" alt="41Denise_s_pygmy_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Hippocampus denise Max. size: 2.2 cm SL (male/unsexed); 2.4 cm SL (female) Environment: demersal; marine ; depth range 13 - 90 m Distribution: Western Pacific: apparently more widespread than Indonesia, Vanuatu and Palau. Observed from Malaysia, Solomon Islands and Pohn Pei, Micronesia. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal soft rays (total): 14. Color in life plain orange with slightly darker rings around tail; when preserved, pale orange with tiny dark brown flecks on the nape of the neck and all over in some specimens. Diminutive in size. Anal fin small or absent. Rings on trunk 12; on tail 28-29. Body fleshy with inferior and ventral trunk ridges reduced to separated cross-shaped spicules embedded in the skin. Nuchal plate rounded without a raised coronet. Snout length ca. 30% in HL. Head depth ca. 50% in HL. No spines above the eye. Trunk depth (between the 9th and 10th trunk rings) ca. 7% in SL (female) and 10-15% in SL (male). The angles of certain body ridges sometimes developed into rounded tubercles (distinctly fewer and less developed compared with H. bargibanti). Biology: Lives in association with gorgonian seafans (Annella reticulata, Muricella sp., and Echinogorgia sp.). Master of camouflage, with their coloration and body ornamentation in the form of tubercles, can match the stems and polyps of their gorgonian hosts mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:03:33 +0000 Longsnouted Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=413&title=longsnouted-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=413&amp;title=longsnouted-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Long-snouted_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Long-snouted_seahorse.jpg" alt="41Long-snouted_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Hippocampus reidi Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 0 - 55 m Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina in USA, Bermuda and Bahamas to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-19. Description: (based on 39 specimens): Adult height: 9.5-17.5cm. Rings: 11 35 (31-39). Snout length: 2.2 (2.0-2.5) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17 (16-19) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 16 (15-17). Coronet: low-medium, rounded, may be quite large and convoluted (like a crumpled piece of paper). Spines: none to low rounded tubercles. Other distinctive characters: broad, almost double cheek and eye spines; long, thick snout; narrow body; usually no skin appendages. Color pattern: often profusely spotted with brown, with numerous tiny white dots (especially on tail); may have paler ‘saddles’ across dorsolateral surfaces. Biology: Uncommon in most areas, but may be locally common in certain places. Usually attached to gorgonians or seagrasses but may occur in floating Sargassum or swimming freely in midwater . Has been reared in captivity mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:03:32 +0000 Longnosed Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=414&title=longnosed-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=414&amp;title=longnosed-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Longsnout_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Longsnout_seahorse.jpg" alt="41Longsnout_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Hippocampus trimaculatus Max. size: 22.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; non-migratory; marine Distribution: Indo-Pacific: southern India to Japan, Australia and Tahiti. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-22; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 4. Description: (based on 54 specimens): Adult height: 8.0-15.0cm. Rings: 11 40-41 (38-43). Snout length: 2.2 (1.9-2.4) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 20 (18-22) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 17-18 (16-19). Coronet: very low, in line with arch of neck, visible as five tiny points. Spines: low and small to slightly raised. Other distinctive characters: very sharp hook-like cheek and eye spines; quite flat in appearance; narrow head; no nose spine. Color pattern: golden orange, sandy colored or totally black; may have large dark spots on the dorsolateral surface of the first, fourth and seventh trunk ring (less visible in dark specimens, and more common in males than females); some specimens ‘zebra striped’ in brown and white. Biology: Inhabits gravel or sand bottoms around shallow reefs; muddy estuaries and near mangroves, tolerating brackish waters mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:03:32 +0000 Lined Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=415&title=lined-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=415&amp;title=lined-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Lined_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Lined_seahorse.jpg" alt="41Lined_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Hippocampus erectus Max. size: 20.3 cm TL (male/unsexed); 18.5 cm OT (female) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 73 m Distribution: Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada and northern Gulf of Mexico to Panama and Venezuela. A southern form that may prove to be a separate species is known from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and questionably from Suriname. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-20. Description: (based on 51 specimens): Adult height: 5.5-18.5cm. Rings: 11 36 (34-39). Snout length: 2.6 (2.2-3.2) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 18-19 (16-20) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 15-16 (14-18). Coronet: variable, low, triangular wedge, or ridge-like or raised with sharp edges, or with relatively sharp spines. Spines: variable from none, to well-developed with blunt or sharp tips. Other distinctive characters: usually first, third, fifth, seventh and eleventh trunk rings enlarged (in most other species it is the first, fourth, seventh and eleventh); snout usually less than half head length; deep-bodied; cheek spine single or double. Color pattern: base color variable – ash grey, orange, brown, yellow, red or black; brown individuals tend to be paler on ventral side; often with a characteristic pattern of white lines following contour of neck; tiny white dots on tail; may have darker or paler ‘saddles’ across dorsal surface often in line with the more enlarged body rings. Biology: Generally in coastal waters; often around man-made structures. Usually attached to gorgonians or seagrasses but may occur in floating Sargassum or swimming freely in midwater. Those that live in Sargassum usually have bony protuberances and fleshy tabs that may serve as camouflage. Has been reared in captivity. Move into deeper waters during winter. Feeds by sucking in small organisms, using its long face as a pipette. Aquarium Care: This species is easier to feed in smaller tanks because food densities are higher. Best housed in a quiet species aquarium, without competitive tankmates or excessive water flow. Provide stationary perches around which they can wrap their prehensile tails. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:03:32 +0000 Pygmy Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=412&title=pygmy-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=412&amp;title=pygmy-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Pygmy_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Pygmy_seahorse.jpg" alt="41Pygmy_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Hippocampus bargibanti Max. size: 2.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 16 - 40 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Central Atlantic: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, and New Caledonia. Conservation status: data deficient. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15. Description based on 4 specimens: Adult height, less than 2.0 cm. Rings, 11-12 31-34. Snout length is greater than 4.0 in head length. Dorsal fin rays, 13-15 covering 1 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays, 10. Coronet, a rounded knob. Spine, as irregular bulbous tubercles scattered over body and tail; a single prominent rounded eye spine; a single low rounded cheek spine. Other distinctive characters: head and body very fleshy, mostly without recognizable body rings; ventral portion of trunk segments incomplete; snout extremely short. Color pattern: two color morphs are known: (a) pale grey or purple with pink or red tubercles (found on gorgonian coral Muricella plectana) and (b) yellow with orange tubercles (found on gorgonian coral Muricella paraplectana). Biology: Only known to occur on gorgonian corals of the genus Muricella, with up to 28 pairs on a single gorgonian. The tubercles and truncated snout of this species match the color and shape of the polyps of the host gorgonian, while its body matches the gorgonian stem. So extreme is this camouflage that the original specimens were only noticed after their host gorgonian had been collected and observed in an aquarium. Post-pelagic young settle on various hosts, but to breed, they appear to prefer the red polyp Muricella spp. that usually grow in depths over 20 m mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:03:31 +0000 West Australian Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=402&title=west-australian-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=402&amp;title=west-australian-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41West_Australian_seahorse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41West_Australian_seahorse.jpg" alt="41West_Australian_seahorse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Hippocampus subelongatus Max. size: 20.0 cm OT (male/unsexed)Environment: demersal; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 1 - 25 m Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: southwest Australia. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-20. Description: (based on 23 specimens): Adult height: 13.0-20.0cm. Rings: 11 34 (33-36). Snout length: 2.1 (1.9-2.3) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 18 (16-20) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 17 (16-18). Coronet: high to very high, with an expanded rounded top (larger and more fluted in females, smaller and more rounded in males). Spines: low, rounded bumps only Other distinctive characters: very thick rings; narrow body; usually double rounded cheek spines; long snout (about 1/2 head length); prominent rounded eye spine. Color pattern: usually pale with net-like pattern of reticulating brown lines over body and tail; may be yellow, orange, black, purple, white, cream or pink; brown ring around spines; striped snout; dark vertical line edging either side of dorsal surface of trunk. Biology: Found on edge of rocky areas, muddy bottom and areas of high sediment load; jetty piles and moorings; often associated with sponges or sea squirts or attached to man-made objects; move to deeper waters in winter. Length type refers to height mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 15:42:35 +0000 Barbours Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=403&title=barbours-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=403&amp;title=barbours-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Hibar_u1.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Hibar_u1.jpg" alt="41Hibar_u1.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Hippocampus barbouri Max. size: 15.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 6 - 10 m Distribution: Western Central Pacific: southern Sulu Sea. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-22. Description: (based on 19 specimens). Adult height: 7.8-14.5 cm. Rings: 11 34-35 (33-36). Snout length: 2.2-2.3 (2.0-2.6) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 19 (16-22) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 17-18 (15-20). Coronet: medium-high; five sharp spines. Spines: well-developed, usually quite sharp eye spine; first dorsal trunk spine much longer than others and curved backwards; tail spines of different lengths (in regular series e.g. long, short, long, short). Other distinctive characters: double cheek spines, double spines below eye. Color pattern: white to pale yellow to pale brown; reddish brown spots and lines on body; snout often striped; fine lines radiating from eye. Biology: Unlike most seahorses, this species is often found clinging to hard coral and doesn't seem to be worried about stingers. Popular spiny seahorse in aquarium trade; often sold bleached for traditional Chinese medicine mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 15:42:35 +0000 Lichtenstiens Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=406&title=lichtenstiens-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=406&amp;title=lichtenstiens-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Hilic_f0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Hilic_f0.jpg" alt="41Hilic_f0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Hippocampus lichtensteinii Max. size: 4.0 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; non-migratory; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea. If the type locality is in error this might be a synonym of the very similar Hippocampus zosterae. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12. Description: (based on 6 specimens): Adult height: 3.0-4.0cm. Rings: 10 31. Snout length: 3.2-3.9 in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 11-12 covering 2 0 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 11-12. Coronet: high, columnar or knob-like, without spines. Spines: low, rounded bumps only. Other distinctive characters: big head in relation to body. Color pattern: preserved specimens pale brown without markings. Biology: Length type refers to height. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 15:42:35 +0000 West African Seahorse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=407&title=west-african-seahorse&cat=516 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=407&amp;title=west-african-seahorse&amp;cat=516"><img title="41Hialg_u0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/516/thumbs/41Hialg_u0.jpg" alt="41Hialg_u0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Hippocampus algiricus Max. size: 19.2 cm OT (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; non-migratory; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Central Atlantic: Senegal to Angola. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-18. Description: (based on 18 specimens): Adult height: 9.0-19.2 cm. Rings: 11 36 (35-37). Snout length: 2.4 (2.1-2.6) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17-18 covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 16-17. Coronet: relatively low, rounded and overhanging at the back, flat-topped or with a slight depression. Spines: low, rounded bumps only. Other distinctive characters: body rings quite chunky; broad or almost double eye and cheek spines. Color pattern: may be covered with tiny white dots or larger brown spots mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 15:42:35 +0000