Reef Frontiers en-us http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish Tue, 23 Jan 2018 02:09:17 -0600 PhotoPost Pro 7.0 60 magnificant http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=924&title=magnificant&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=924&amp;title=magnificant&amp;cat=517"><img title="magni.JPG" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/magni.JPG" alt="magni.JPG" /></a><br /><br />by: fancyfish fancyfish Sat, 17 Jun 2006 21:33:50 -0500 Three blotched Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=471&title=three-blotched-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=471&amp;title=three-blotched-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Threeblotched_rabbitfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Threeblotched_rabbitfish.jpg" alt="41Threeblotched_rabbitfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Siganus trispilos Max. size: 25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 5 m Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Indian Ocean: off the northwestern coast of Western Australia (Ningaloo Reef complex; North West Cape; Murion Islands; Rosemary Islands, Dampier Archipelago). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Sides of body and fins bright yellow with orange cast; 3 chocolate brown patches on upper half of body below spinous part of dorsal fin; head, thorax, ventral margin of body, upper half of sides, and caudal peduncle with blue pinhead-sized ocelli, with deep blue margin; ocelli also present within the 3 patches; fins may be invaded basally by blue ocelli. Brown smudge running diagonally through eye; yellow lips; dusky yellow iris. Fin and nape spines fairly stout, pungent, and venomous. Midline of thorax and pelvic ridges fully scaled. Biology: Strictly corallophilic, pairs living in area rich in hard coral, particularly Acropora Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds mostly upon algae and some benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia<br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:37:27 -0600 Streaked Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=470&title=streaked-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=470&amp;title=streaked-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Sijav_u3.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Sijav_u3.jpg" alt="41Sijav_u3.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Siganus javus Max. size: 53.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; oceano-estuarine brackish; marine ; depth range - 0 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Andaman Islands, Thailand, Viet Nam, southern China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Australia, New Guinea, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Records for the Ryukyu and Ogasawara Islands could be based on strays (Ref. 9813). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Body bronze above, white on belly and thorax; iris light brown; pectoral fins hyaline, pelvic fins white. Slender and pungent dorsal spines; anal spines stout. Preopercular angle 78°-92°. Strong scales cover cheeks. Midline of thorax scaled but not pelvic ridges. Broad-based triangular flap of anterior nostril reaching half way to posterior nostril in juveniles, reducing to a small crescent with age. Biology: Occurs in small schools of up to 10 individuals or so, in shallow coastal waters, brackish lagoons and rocky or coral reefs. Feeds on algae attached to the substrate and on floating algal fragments. Found resting in midwater at depths of 2 to 6 m when not feeding. Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds mostly upon algae and some benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:37:26 -0600 Golden-lined Rabbit http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=467&title=golden-lined-rabbit&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=467&amp;title=golden-lined-rabbit&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Siganus_lineatus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Siganus_lineatus.jpg" alt="41Siganus_lineatus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus lineatus Max. size: 43.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, Laccadive Archipelago, India, Sri Lanka, Ogasawara Islands (Japan), eastern Indonesia, New Guinea, Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Philippines; Palau and Yap in Micronesia. Records from Viet Nam is probably Siganus guttatus. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Blue dorsally, silvery below; a bright yellow spot below last few rays of dorsal fin; a prominent blue line beside posterior margin of orbit running diagonally across cheek to corner of mouth. Preopercular angle 92°-104°; strong scales almost completely cover cheeks; midline of thorax scaled, not pelvic ridges. Anterior nostril encircled by a very low rim, slightly expanded posteriorly. Spines stout, pungent and venomous. Biology: Juveniles found in mangrove areas and seagrass flats; adults in protected waters such as lagoons and bays in the vicinity of rocky substrata or reefs. Forms schools that diminish with age, down to 10-25 fish by adult stage, although congregations may consist of several thousand fish during spawning period. Feeds by scraping encrusting algae from beach rock or pavement areas of coral reefs or by browsing on larger coarse algae Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds upon algae and benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia. One per tank unless a mated pair. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:35:02 -0600 Mottled Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=464&title=mottled-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=464&amp;title=mottled-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Mottled_spinefoot.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Mottled_spinefoot.jpg" alt="41Mottled_spinefoot.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus fuscescens Max. size: 40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; oceanodromous brackish; marine ; depth range - 50 m Distribution: Western Pacific: southern Korea, southern Japan, ?Ogasawara Islands, Taiwan, southern China, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Andaman Islands, Indonesia, Philippines, Yap, Palau, Pohnpei (Caroline Islands), Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and Australia. Often misidentified as Siganus canaliculatus. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Body olive green or brown above, silvery below; fish frequently with a dark patch below origin of lateral line. Adults become mottled when frightened. Slender, pungent, venomous spines. Preopercular angle 89°-95°. Lower half to 2/3 of cheeks commonly covered with weak, scattered scales. Midline of thorax between pelvic ridges. Differs from S. argenteus in details of coloration and less deeply forked tail. Biology: Inhabits algal and seagrass flats and shallow lagoon and coastal reefs. Forms schools. Mainly diurnal. Juveniles feed on filamentous algae, adults feed on leafy algae and seagrasses Aquarium Care:There are not many members to this family, but the few of interest in the genus Siganus, previously Lo, are longtime aquarist favorites. They are easy to feed, none are aggressive to other inhabitants, and resistant to poor water quality. They have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Even though omnivores, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. They are found on the reef and also in grassbeds and mangrove areas. Every once and while rabbitfish shed their skin, similar to leather corals. Not safe with all types of corals such as Xenia. Their range is widespread in the central Pacific Ocean. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:35:01 -0600 Orange-spotted Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=465&title=orange-spotted-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=465&amp;title=orange-spotted-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Orange-spotted_spinefoot.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Orange-spotted_spinefoot.jpg" alt="41Orange-spotted_spinefoot.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus guttatus Max. size: 42.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; brackish; marine ; depth range - 6 m Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific: Andaman Islands, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia (including Irian Jaya), Viet Nam, Ryukyus, southern and eastern China, Taiwan, South China Sea, Philippines, and Palau. Replaced by Siganus lineatus to the west, south and east of the region described by the said localities. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Dusky blue dorsally, silvery below; a bright yellow spot adjacent to last few rays of dorsal fin; head with lines and spots. Preopercular angle 91°-102°; strong scales fully cover the cheeks; midline of thorax scaled, not the pelvic ridges. Anterior nostril with extremely low rim, slightly expanded posteriorly. Spines stout, pungent, venomous. Biology: Inhabits turbid inshore reefs among mangroves; tolerates or even prefers low salinities. Fry settles in seagrass beds around river mouths and adults enter and leave rivers with the tide, but also found on the drop-offs of inshore fringing reefs down to 6 m. Schools throughout life; school size for adults around 10 or 15. Feeds on benthic algae. Unlike other siganids, this species is reported to be active at night Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds mainly upon algae and some bentic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia. One per tank unless a mated pair. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:35:01 -0600 Peppered Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=466&title=peppered-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=466&amp;title=peppered-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Peppered_spinefoot.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Peppered_spinefoot.jpg" alt="41Peppered_spinefoot.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus punctatissimus Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 12 - 30 m Distribution: Western Pacific: Southern Ryukyu Islands, Palau (Belau), Philippines, northern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, northern Queensland and reefs off northwestern Western Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Head and body dark chocolate brown with purplish hue; iris pale rose-brown, white spotted. Spines stout, pungent, venomous. Preopercular angle 93°-109°. Cheeks completely scaled. Midline of thorax scaled; a row of scales absent along pelvic ridges. Anterior nostril with low rim; expanded posteriorly into a broad flap, reaching halfway to posterior nostril. Biology: Inhabits lagoon and channel reefs. Usually seen in pairs. Feeds on benthic seaweeds Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds mostly upon algae and some benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:35:01 -0600 Magnificent Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=462&title=magnificent-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=462&amp;title=magnificent-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Magnificent_rabbitfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Magnificent_rabbitfish.jpg" alt="41Magnificent_rabbitfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus magnificus Max. size: 23.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Thailand, including the Similan Islands to Java, Indonesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 23. Ocular band dark chocolate brown to black; a broad white arc running from isthmus and thorax to bases of 2nd - 4th dorsal spines; posterior to white band, body brown or gray dorsally, whitish below. Spines stout, not very pungent and venomous. Preopercular angle 120°; strong overlapping scales cover cheeks, 8 or 9 rows deep below center of orbit; midline of thorax fully scaled. Opening of anterior nostril borne on a very short tube which is taller posteriorly. Biology: Inhabits coral reefs and feeds on algae and small invertebrates. Adults occur in pairs. Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds mostly upon algae and benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia. One per tank unless a mated pair.<br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:35:00 -0600 Masked Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=463&title=masked-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=463&amp;title=masked-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Masked_spinefoot.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Masked_spinefoot.jpg" alt="41Masked_spinefoot.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus puellus Max. size: 38.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 30 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Australia, Indonesia, South China, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, Philippines, Palau, Caroline Islands, Kapingamarangi Islands, Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Body yellow-orange above to silvery white below; a prominent blackish bar on head, spotted; iris blackish; opercular area silver; dorsal and anal fin spines and rays yellow, spines with white streak. Spines stout and venomous. Preopercular angle 101°-111°. Cheeks fully covered with strong scales. Midline of thorax scaled; scaled pelvic ridges may interrupt scale row pattern. Low rim of anterior nostril expanded posteriorly into a short, broad triangular flap. Biology: Occurs in shallow, coral-rich areas of clear lagoons and seaward reefs. Individuals up to 7 cm SL forms large schools in shallows, lagoons and outer reef flats, particularly in areas dominated by luxurious growths of Acropora. Adults occur in pairs. Juveniles feed on filamentous algae, adults on algae, tunicates, and sponges . Can inflict painful stings Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds upon algae, sponges, and sessile colonial tunicates. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:35:00 -0600 Goldspotted Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=460&title=goldspotted-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=460&amp;title=goldspotted-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Goldspotted_spinefoot.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Goldspotted_spinefoot.jpg" alt="41Goldspotted_spinefoot.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus punctatus Max. size: 40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 40 m Distribution: Western Pacific: fringe of the eastern sector of the Indian Ocean, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Australia, Indonesia, Singapore, Gulf of Thailand, South China Sea, Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, Ogasawara Islands, Mariana Islands, Palau (Belau), Caroline Islands, Kapingamarangi Islands, Nauru and Niue. The species is replaced by its sibling, Siganus stellatus, in the Andaman Sea and regions which are located further west. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Color pattern changes with age; iris silver with 8-10 orange spots. Juveniles with a deep brown patch straddling the lateral line; the spot becoming obscured with increase in size. Stout, venomous spines not so pungent. Preopercular angle 87°-105°. Strong scales fully cover the cheeks. Midline of thorax scaled but not pelvic ridges. Biology: Occurs in clear lagoons and seaward reefs. Juveniles live in schools of up to about 50 fish with pairing commencing as small as 15 cm, but fish may still be schooling at 22 cm SL; older fish live in pairs. Feeds on benthic algae Aqaurium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds upon algae and benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia. One per tank unless a mated pair. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:33:12 -0600 Blotched Foxface http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=457&title=blotched-foxface&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=457&amp;title=blotched-foxface&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Siuni_u2.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Siuni_u2.jpg" alt="41Siuni_u2.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Siganus unimaculatus Max. size: 20.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, the Philippines, and the North West Shelf, Western Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Color the same as in S. vulpinus except for the blackish spot posteriorly on the upper side of the body. Caudal peduncle only slightly incised. Spines stout, pungent, and venomous. Preopercular angle 109°-119°. Variable cheek squamation; usually covered with scales, 7-10 rows deep below center of orbit, occasionally a few scattered scales present below eye; a triangular area from lower edge of orbit to angle of mouth always fully scaled. Fully scaled midline of thorax. Biology: Small juveniles occur in schools of up to a few hundred fish, larger juveniles and adults occur in pairs. Feeds on seaweeds Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds mostly upon algae and some benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:33:11 -0600 Bluespotted Rabbit http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=458&title=bluespotted-rabbit&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=458&amp;title=bluespotted-rabbit&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Blue-spotted_spinefoot.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Blue-spotted_spinefoot.jpg" alt="41Blue-spotted_spinefoot.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus corallinus Max. size: 28.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Aldabra Islands, Seychelles, Maldives, Andaman Sea, Thailand, Indonesia, Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Singapore, Viet Nam, Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, Ogasawara Islands, Palau, ?Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Australia, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia. Replaced by Siganus trispilos in northwest Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Head, body and fins orange-yellow; pale blue ocelli with darker blue margins on head, thorax and sides; spots about pinhead size, larger and more crowded on head, sometimes smaller on sides; ocelli may extend onto bases of dorsal and anal fins, and on bases of outer rays of caudal fin. Very small juveniles (up to 50 mm SL) may have vertical blue lines on side, fragmenting into the ocelli with increase in size. Orbit with a diffused-edged dark, triangular smudge; orange-brown iris Fin spines stout, pungent and venomous. Midline of thorax and ridges fully scaled. Biology: Occurs in coral-rich areas of lagoons. Juveniles found in small schools in shallow seagrass beds and reefs; often found among Acropora corals. Adults usually in pairs on shallow coral reefs and feed on benthic algae. A food fish that is occasionally poisonous Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds upon algae and some benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia. One per tank unless a mated pair. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:33:11 -0600 Foxface http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=459&title=foxface&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=459&amp;title=foxface&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Foxface.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Foxface.jpg" alt="41Foxface.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus vulpinus Max. size: 24.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Western Pacific: western Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, Great Barrier Reef, Vanuatu (sighting), New Caledonia, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, Nauru (sighting) and Kiribati (sighting). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. A dark chocolate ocular band running in an arc from base of 1st dorsal spine to chin; a narrow white blaze on midline of head profile; thorax dark chocolate; a broad white zone behind ocular bar on trunk; remainder of body yellow-orange. Stout, pungent, venomous spines. Caudal fin only slightly incised. Fully scaled midline of thorax. Preopercular angle 119° (111°-120°). Variable cheek scaling; usually overlapping scales, 8-10 rows deep below center of orbit; occasionally, few scattered scales; area fully scaled from lower edge of orbit 2 angle of mouth. S. vulpinus is very closely related to and possibly the same as S. unimaculatus, which has a large black blotch on the sides beneath the soft dorsal rays. Biology: Sometimes territorial, occurs in coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs. Usually occurs singly or in pairs, but juveniles and subadults occasionally occur in large schools among Acropora where they feed on algae growing on the dead bases of the coral branches. Capable of inflicting painful stings Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds upon algae and benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia. One per tank unless a mated pair. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:33:11 -0600 Barred Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=454&title=barred-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=454&amp;title=barred-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Barred_spinefoot.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Barred_spinefoot.jpg" alt="41Barred_spinefoot.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus doliatus Max. size: 24.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 5 m Distribution: Western Pacific: Australia, Indonesia, Palau (Belau), ?Ryukyu Islands, ?Mariana Islands, Caroline Islands, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Replaced by closely related Siganus virgatus from Sulawesi and the Philippines to south India. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. Body blue above, silvery white below; from nape through eye to chin a seal brown band, another from base of 4th-5th dorsal spines to just below of pectoral fin. Spines stout, pungent and venomous. Preopercular 97°-110°. Strong scales cover cheeks. Midline of thorax fully scaled; sometimes a few scales absent from pelvic ridges. Biology: Inhabits coral-rich areas of lagoons and seaward reefs. Juveniles form schools. Pairs form at 7 cm; but these pairs continue to form loose schools, sometimes with juvenile scarids, to feed in areas being flooded by the tide. At 20 cm, isolated pairs in deep water lagoons or on drop-offs at reef-edges feed on benthic seaweeds. Very closely related to the blue-spotted S. virgatus (Valenciennes) and apparently hybridizes at times with it in the Indo-Malayan region Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds mostly upon algae. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:33:10 -0600 Bicolored Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=455&title=bicolored-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=455&amp;title=bicolored-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Bicolored_foxface.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Bicolored_foxface.jpg" alt="41Bicolored_foxface.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus uspi Max. size: 24.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Western Pacific: endemic to Fiji, with strays recorded from New Caledonia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 23. Color dark purplish brown except pectoral fins, soft portions of dorsal and anal fins, caudal fin, and posterior part of body; demarcation of 2 colors is sharp. Preopercular angle 110°-114°; strong overlapping scales cover cheeks, 9-10 rows deep below center of orbit; midline of thorax fully scaled. Spines stout, pungent and venomous. Snout slightly shorter and less tubular, less concave above the nostrils. Caudal fin slightly incised. Biology: Found among hard corals at the faces of drop-offs at reef edges or in deep pools inside reef crests. Juveniles form schools, adults occur in pairs. Feeds on seaweeds Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds upon algae and some benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:33:10 -0600 Blackeye Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=456&title=blackeye-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=456&amp;title=blackeye-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Blackeye_rabbitfish.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Blackeye_rabbitfish.jpg" alt="41Blackeye_rabbitfish.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus puelloides Max. size: 31.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 30 m Distribution: Indian Ocean: Maldives and the Similan Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 1. Pale bluish dorsally, silvery white below; iris with a bluish cast. Preopercular angle 107°-110°; cheeks covered with overlapping scales; midline of thorax including pelvic ridges fully scaled. Rim of anterior nostril expanded posteriorly into a very short pointed peak. Spines stout, pungent and venomous. Biology: Paired adults live around rocks and coral reefs and feed on sessile colonial tunicates, monaxonid sponges, and benthic algae Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds upon algae, sponges, and sessile colonial tunicates. mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:33:10 -0600 Whitespotted Rabbit http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=452&title=whitespotted-rabbit&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=452&amp;title=whitespotted-rabbit&amp;cat=517"><img title="41White-spotted_spinefoot.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41White-spotted_spinefoot.jpg" alt="41White-spotted_spinefoot.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Siganus canaliculatus Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; oceano-estuarine brackish; marine ; depth range - 50 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Cambodia, Viet Nam, south China, Taiwan and Western Australia. Also known from Ryukyu Islands; Palau and Yap in Micronesia and Melanesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 23. Body silvery gray above, silvery below; a touch of olive green on nape and upper surface of head; fright pattern mottled with pale cream and dark brown; usually fish display a dark patch just below origin of lateral line. Preopercular angle 89°-96°; cheeks appear to be scaleless but sometimes with few to many, fine, embedded scales on lower 2/3; midline of thorax scaleless between pelvic ridges. Margin of anterior nostril encircled by a low flange with the flap extending towards posterior flap; flap shortens with increasing size. Closely resembles S. fuscescens but differs by its slightly more pointed snout and longer pectoral fins (1.1-1.3 in HL vs. 1.4-1.5 in S. fuscescens). Color pattern is similar to that of S. argenteus and S. fuscescens. Biology: In contrast to S. fuscescens, this species seems to tolerate more turbid waters, occurring within the vicinity of river mouths especially around seagrass beds. Also occurs several kilometers offshore in deep, clear waters. Juveniles form very large schools in shallow bays and coral reef flats; school size reduces with size, with adults occurring in groups of 20 individuals or so. Herbivorous, feeds on benthic algae and to some extent on seagrass. Consumed as food; and have poisonous spines Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds mostly upon algae and some benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:33:09 -0600 Barhead Rabbitfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=453&title=barhead-rabbitfish&cat=517 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=453&amp;title=barhead-rabbitfish&amp;cat=517"><img title="41Sivir_u0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/517/thumbs/41Sivir_u0.jpg" alt="41Sivir_u0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Siganus virgatus Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; brackish; marine Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: southern India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Thailand, southern and eastern coasts of China, Taiwan, Ryukyu, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Northern Territory in Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 13. A brown band running diagonally from nape to chin; another from 4th-5th dorsal spine base to pectoral fin base; ocular and shoulder bands spotted with blue; a zone of silvery yellow posterior and adjacent to the shoulder band. Preopercular angle 100°-111°; cheek scalation variable from few to almost fully scaled; midline of thorax fully scaled, sometimes with a row missing from pelvic ridges. A prominent rim or short tube encircle the anterior nostril, with a little peak on it posteriorly. Spines stout, fairly pungent and venomous. Biology: Inhabits shallow coastal waters, around hard coral reefs and areas of sand with patches of rock and soft coral. Tolerant of murky waters and is reported to enter freshwater. Larger juveniles and adults occur in pairs. Feeds on benthic seaweeds Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds upon algae and some benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia.<br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Wed, 29 Dec 2004 16:33:09 -0600