Reef Frontiers en-us http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish Wed, 17 Jan 2018 18:14:52 -0600 PhotoPost Pro 7.0 60 wrasse1 http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=992&title=wrasse1&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=992&amp;title=wrasse1&amp;cat=520"><img title="wrasse1.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/wrasse1.jpg" alt="wrasse1.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: sea worthy<br /><br />Description: lunare sea worthy Sun, 29 Oct 2006 15:48:45 -0600 wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=991&title=wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=991&amp;title=wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/wrasse.jpg" alt="wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: sea worthy<br /><br />Description: lunare sea worthy Sun, 29 Oct 2006 15:46:23 -0600 Six-Line Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=828&title=six-line-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=828&amp;title=six-line-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="100_1723_Small_.JPG" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/100_1723_Small_.JPG" alt="100_1723_Small_.JPG" /></a><br /><br />by: MarineDreamer<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Pseudochelilinus hexataenia Common Name: Sixline Wrasse Max. size: 10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 2 - 35 m Climate: tropical; 24 - 28°C; 30°N - 30°S Distribution: Indo-Pacific = Red Sea south to Natal, South Africa and east to the Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe and the Austral islands. Distribution includes St. Brandon's Shoals and Gulf of Tadjoura. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9. Identified by the brightly color lined pattern and the small ocellus on the caudal fin base. Biology: Occurs in seaward reefs among coral branches. Also in clear coastal waters, dense coral habitats on shallow reef crest or slopes to depth of about 20 m. Usually occurs in small loose groups. A shy species, usually swimming amongst the protection of coral branches. Feeds mainly on small crustaceans. Secretive. Aquarium Care: This active species constantly looks for small crustaceans on the live rock to consume. Once acclimated, it is a good addition. It is less aggressive, and smaller than P. octotaenia, and better suited for a commnity tank. It often will act aggressively towards peaceful wrasses and shy species. May aid in controlling commensal flatworms and pyramidellid snails. Larger specimens may eat ornamental shrimp. Feed a variety of meaty foods, including chopped seafoods, mysid shrmip and enriched frozen preparations. Photo Courtesy of ©MarineDreamer<br /><br />2 comments MarineDreamer Wed, 22 Jun 2005 13:22:11 -0500 six_line http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=814&title=six-line&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=814&amp;title=six-line&amp;cat=520"><img title="1344wrasse_003.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/1344wrasse_003.jpg" alt="1344wrasse_003.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: spongebob lover<br /><br />Description: this is my little six line wrasse<br /><br />1 comment spongebob lover Wed, 02 Feb 2005 13:53:29 -0600 Klunzinger Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=717&title=klunzinger-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=717&amp;title=klunzinger-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Klunzinger_s_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Klunzinger_s_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Klunzinger_s_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma rueppellii Max. size: 20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range - 0 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea. Biology: Inhabits reef margins and seaward slopes Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and small fishes. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They will also eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:45:57 -0600 Moon Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=713&title=moon-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=713&amp;title=moon-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Thlun_m0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Thlun_m0.jpg" alt="41Thlun_m0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma lunare Max. size: 25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 20 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Line Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island and northern New Zealand. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. Adults are identified by the yellow lunate tail. Large males turn blue on the head that grades to green towards the tail. Body dark green to blue with vertical red to purplish red lines. Head green to blue with irregular pink to violet bands. Adults with large yellow crescent posteriorly in caudal fin and blue pectoral fins with a large elongate pink area distally. Juveniles with a large dark spot in middle of dorsal fin and a large diffuse black spot at base of caudal fin Biology: Occurs in the upper portions of lagoon and coastal reefs, and in protected seaward reef. Enters estuaries. Usually found on upper portions of ledges and heads. Feeds mainly on small benthic invertebrates and fish eggs Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They will also eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:45:56 -0600 Ornate Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=715&title=ornate-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=715&amp;title=ornate-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Ornate_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Ornate_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Ornate_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma pavo Max. size: 25.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 150 m Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to south of Cape Lopez, Gabon and including the islands of Azores, Madeira, Canary, São Tomé and Annobon. Also in the Mediterranean. Biology: Inhabits coastal waters near rocks and eel-grass beds. Usually solitary, sometimes in small groups. Feeds on small mollusks and crustaceans. Protogynous hermaphrodite, with distinct sexual dichromatism Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 65 - 72°F (18 - 22°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They will also eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams. Rarely seen in the trade and a cool water fish mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:45:56 -0600 Surge Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=716&title=surge-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=716&amp;title=surge-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Tpurpureum.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Tpurpureum.jpg" alt="41Tpurpureum.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma purpureum Max. size: 46.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. published weight: 1,210 g Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 0 - 10 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Easter islands, north to southern Japan; south to Lord Howe, Kermadec, and Rapa islands; throughout Micronesia. Southeast Atlantic: southeast coast of South Africa. Replaced by Thalassoma virens in the Revillagigedo Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10-12. T. purpureum and T. trilobatum have nearly identical initial phases . They differ slightly in details of the head markings, and T. purpureum has a slightly longer head, shorter pectoral fins, and attains a larger size. Females best distinguished by the 'V' mark on the snout. Initial phase with a vertical dark red line below front of eye usually with a branch to front of snout. Biology: Found almost exclusively in the surge zone of outer reef flats, reef margins, and rocky coastlines, down to a depth of about 10 m. Occurs in groups of females that are spread out over large reef sections and dominated by few males. Males grow much larger than females. Feeds on small invertebrates (crabs, sea urchins, brittlestars, mollusks), small fishes, echinoids, ophiuroids and polychaetes Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and small fishes. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 5 inches (12.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They will also eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:45:56 -0600 Bluehead Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=709&title=bluehead-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=709&amp;title=bluehead-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Bluehead.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Bluehead.jpg" alt="41Bluehead.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma bifasciatum Max. size: 25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. reported age: 3 years Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 0 - 40 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), southeastern Gulf of Mexico and throughout the Caribbean Sea to northern South America. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10-11. Body elongate; 3 primary color phases, the smallest with a black mid-lateral stripe which continues as pale red blotches on head; back above stripe yellow on reef fish and whitish on fish from inshore non-reef areas, and body below white. The largest phase, has a bright blue head and a green body with two broad vertical black bars anteriorly which are separated by a light blue interspace; this phase is always male. The small yellow phase with the black stripe may be either male or female . Biology: Inhabits reef areas, inshore bays and seagrass beds. Feeds mainly on zooplankton and small benthic animals, but may also feed on ectoparasites of other fishes. Spawn at midday throughout the year. Sex reversal observed. Generally of no interest to fisheries because of its small average size Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 74 - 79°F (23 - 26°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They will also eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:45:55 -0600 Sixbar Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=710&title=sixbar-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=710&amp;title=sixbar-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Thardwicke.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Thardwicke.jpg" alt="41Thardwicke.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma hardwicke Max. size: 20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 0 - 15 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Line and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Lord Howe and Austral islands; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. Color pattern remains similar with growth with terminal males becoming gaudier than primary males. Pale green with 6 dark bars, last two as saddles over the tail. Head with pink bands radiating from eye in large adults. Biology: Occurs in shallow lagoon and seaward reefs, slopes and along drop-offs to moderate depths. Occurs in small, loose groups. Feeds on benthic and planktonic crustaceans, small fishes, and foraminiferans. Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They will also eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:45:55 -0600 Jensens Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=711&title=jensens-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=711&amp;title=jensens-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Jansen_s_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Jansen_s_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Jansen_s_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Max. size: 20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 1 - 15 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-West Pacific: Maldives to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. Color pattern remains similar throughout life. Large juveniles and females are mostly black with a single white band and white area below the head to the anus. Males retain the white central band but is more yellow, and develops a second narrow band halfway towards the head. Initial phase white with 3 black bars, the first on upper half of head and anterior body containing a yellow streak at edge of opercle, the second across dorsal fin and ventrally to anus, the third covering most of body and posterior portions of dorsal and anal fins. Terminal male with yellow between black bars. Pectoral fins bluish. Biology: Occurs in exposed crests of seaward and lagoon reefs, usually rock-based. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:45:55 -0600 Cortez Rainbow Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=712&title=cortez-rainbow-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=712&amp;title=cortez-rainbow-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Cortez_rainbow_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Cortez_rainbow_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Cortez_rainbow_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma lucasanum Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 0 - 64 m Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Panama and the Galapagos Islands. Biology: Forms small aggregations over reefs. Feeds on suspended plankton and small hard-shelled invertebrates Aquarium Care:These wrasses may sleep in the sandbed or in small caves and crevices. They are highly active swimmers, some juveniles associate with anemones, and they feed on benthic creatures and/or zooplankton in the water column mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:45:55 -0600 Sunset Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=708&title=sunset-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=708&amp;title=sunset-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Sunset_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Sunset_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Sunset_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma grammaticum Max. size: 32.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 42 m Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Panama, including the Galapagos Islands. Biology: A solitary species found in reefs subjected to surges. Moves over great distances to feed on hard-shelled invertebrates Aquarium Care:These wrasses may sleep in the sandbed or in small caves and crevices. They are highly active swimmers, some juveniles associate with anemones, and they feed on benthic creatures and/or zooplankton in the water column. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:45:54 -0600 Saddle Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=707&title=saddle-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=707&amp;title=saddle-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Saddle_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Saddle_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Saddle_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma duperrey Max. size: 28.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Central Pacific: Johnston and Hawaiian islands. Biology: Occurs in clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds mainly on benthic animals. Juveniles and adults sometimes act as cleaners. Spawning occurs either in aggregations by fish in the initial color phase or in pairs, typically with the terminal male being much larger than the female Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 79°F (22 - 26°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 4 inches (10 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They will also eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:31:40 -0600 Cutribbon Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=703&title=cutribbon-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=703&amp;title=cutribbon-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Cutribbon_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Cutribbon_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Cutribbon_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Stethojulis interrupta Max. size: 13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to the Philippines, south to Lord Howe Island. Unknown from Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. True form has interrupted mid-lateral stripe. Female with yellow stripe from the tip of snout to just past axil, running below eye where pale silvery-blue; male with continuous mid-lateral line and dark 'ear'. Biology: Coastal to outer reef crests. In Japan, it is found in areas of mixed sand, rock and coral. Occurs in small groups to about 20 m depth. Feeds by sorting small animals from mouthfuls of sand and detritus. Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Difficult to feed, and sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:31:39 -0600 Five Spotted Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=704&title=five-spotted-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=704&amp;title=five-spotted-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Five-spotted_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Five-spotted_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Five-spotted_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Symphodus roissali Max. size: 17.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; brackish; marine ; depth range 1 - 30 m Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Gascogne to Gibraltar including the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Biology: Found near rocks, mainly in eel-grass beds Mainly solitary. Nest of seaweed built by male. Feeds on mollusks, bivalves, gastropods, shrimps, sea-urchins and hydroids mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:31:39 -0600 Bluntheaded Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=705&title=bluntheaded-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=705&amp;title=bluntheaded-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Bluntheaded_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Bluntheaded_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Bluntheaded_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma amblycephalum Max. size: 16.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 15 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Somalia and South Africa to the Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Rowley Shoals, northern New Zealand and Lord Howe and Rapa islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10-11. Juveniles easily identified by the color pattern and rounded snout. Males become brightly colored and head usually green with a yellow band following on the body. Head naked, no scales dorsally on opercle. Initial phase with a broad blackish stripe from snout through eye to caudal-fin base. Biology: Occurs in aggregations over shallow lagoon and seaward reefs and on reef flats . Feeds mainly on crustacean zooplankton Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (23 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrates and zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They will also eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams. Some juveniles associate with anemones. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:31:39 -0600 Blacktail Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=706&title=blacktail-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=706&amp;title=blacktail-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Blacktail_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Blacktail_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Blacktail_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma ballieui Max. size: 39.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Island. Biology: Inhabits clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds on benthic invertebrates and small fishes Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (23 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 5 inches (12.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams. Rarely seen in the trade. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:31:39 -0600 Bluelined Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=700&title=bluelined-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=700&amp;title=bluelined-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Bluelined_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Bluelined_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Bluelined_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Stethojulis albovittata Max. size: 14.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range - 10 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to Natal, South Africa; east to Maldives and Chagos Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. Males lack the red axil spot and females usually feature two white lines. Biology: Inhabits reef flats and clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Found singly or in small groups consisting of one male and a few females. Feeds on small invertebrates, especially crustaceans and mollusks. Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Difficult to feed, and sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:31:38 -0600 Belted Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=701&title=belted-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=701&amp;title=belted-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Belted_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Belted_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Belted_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Stethojulis balteata Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range - 15 m Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Island. Biology: Occurs in reef flats and clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds primarily on bivalves, polychaete worms, peanut worms, gastropods, various small crustaceans and foraminiferans Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 70 - 76°F (21 - 24°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Difficult to feed, and sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. Difficult to maintain and better left in the wild. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:31:38 -0600 Red Shoulder Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=702&title=red-shoulder-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=702&amp;title=red-shoulder-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Red_shoulder_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Red_shoulder_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Red_shoulder_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Stethojulis bandanensis Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed 8.0 cm TL (female) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 30 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean to western Australia, including the Christmas Island, Cocos-Keeling and the Andaman Sea; from Japan to New South Wales, Micronesia; offshore islands in the eastern Pacific, Clipperton, Cocos and the Galapagos. Range extends to Baja California during El Niño (Victor, pers. comm.). Replaced by Stethojulis albovittata in the west Indian Ocean and Stethojulis balteata in the Hawaiian Islands Morrphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. 1st spine of the anal fin is minute or imbedded.Terminal males typically have a series of partial to complete longitudinal thin blue lines on their sides. Females mainly bluish grey with fine white spotting over upper sides and a small red spot at axil of pectoral fin. Biology: Usually found in shallow clear water of reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs, in areas of mixed sand, rubble and coral. Usually solitary or in small groups. Feeds mainly on demersal planktonic crustaceans and small benthic invertebrates. Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Difficult to feed, and sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 3 inches (7.5 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:31:38 -0600 Orange Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=698&title=orange-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=698&amp;title=orange-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Orange_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Orange_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Orange_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Pseudolabrus luculentus Max. size: 17.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Southwest Pacific: Australia, including Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands and New Zealand, including Kermadec Islands. Biology: Inhabits depths up to at least 50 m mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:31:37 -0600 Chiseltooth Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=696&title=chiseltooth-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=696&amp;title=chiseltooth-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Psmol_u2.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Psmol_u2.jpg" alt="41Psmol_u2.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Pseudodax moluccanus Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 60 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to South Africa and to the Society, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 14 Biology: Inhabits clear channels and seaward reefs. Juveniles are commonly found along drop-offs below 18 m. Adults usually found near caves while juveniles frequently live inside them. Adults are solitary and feed on algae and small invertebrates. Juveniles have been observed 'cleaning' other fishes. Because of its dentition, it is regarded as a close relative to the parrotfishes (Scaridae), although it behaves like the species of Anampses Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and algae. Requires a mostly meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp and some green foods with two to three feedings per day. It will burrow at night so provide a substrate of fine sand about 4 inches (10 cm) deep. One male per tank. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:44 -0600 Polynesian Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=697&title=polynesian-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=697&amp;title=polynesian-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Polynesian_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Polynesian_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Polynesian_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Pseudojuloides atavai Max. size: 13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 12 - 31 m Distribution: Gazetteer Pacific Ocean: Guam to the Society, Tuamoto, Austral and Ducie islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 12. The primary phase of P. atavai closely resembles juvenile Thalassoma amblycephalum; the terminal phase is orange-yellow anteriorly with dull violet squiggly lines on the head and reddish horizontal and vertical lines on the body, becoming abruptly bluish-black posteriorly. Caudal fin not very short (length 1.3 to 1.5 times in head length). First dorsal-fin ray longest. Snout 2.7 to 2.9 times in head length. Biology: Found well above the bottom of exposed seaward reefs and clear lagoons Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Difficult to feed, and needs a layer of sand to sleep or hide in if threatened. Provide a substrate of fine sand about 3 inches (7.5 cm) deep. Difficult to maintain and best left in the wild. Rarely seen in the trade. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:44 -0600 Secretive / Disappearing Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=693&title=secretive2f-disappearing-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=693&amp;title=secretive2f-disappearing-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Striated_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Striated_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Striated_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Pseudocheilinus evanidus Max. size: 8.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 6 - 61 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to South Africa and the Hawaiian and Tuamoto islands, north to the Izu Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9. Body red to orange-red with about 25 fine white longitudinal lines; pale blue to bluish white streak from the mouth's corner to almost upper corner of preopercle. Interrupted lateral line, anterior tubed scales 14-17 (modally 16). Scales on cheek, 2 horizontal rows (3 anteriorly). Biology: Found among patches of rubble or among branching coral of seaward reef slopes from 6 to at least 40 m. Generally solitary and feeds on small benthic invertebrates. Rare in less than 20 m Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 74 - 83°F (23 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. These wrasses are fairly secretive and make fairly good reef aquarium inhabitants, however, they need numerous hiding places. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:43 -0600 Eightline Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=694&title=eightline-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=694&amp;title=eightline-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Eight-lined_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Eight-lined_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Eight-lined_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Pseudocheilinus octotaenia Max. size: 14.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 2 - 50 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian and Ducie islands, north to the Yaeyama Island. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9-10. Identified by the eight longitudinal lines along the body. Biology: Inhabits among rubble or live corals of seaward reef, usually in caves and crevices with rich invertebrate growth to at least 40 m depth. Feeds mainly on benthic crustaceans, but also takes small mollusks, echinoids (sea urchins), fish eggs, and crab larvae Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Very secretive, and should have sufficient hiding places. Can eat the parasitic snails that infest Tridacna clams. A good jumper mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:43 -0600 Fourlined Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=695&title=fourlined-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=695&amp;title=fourlined-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Four-lined_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Four-lined_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Four-lined_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Pseudocheilinus tetrataenia Max. size: 7.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 6 - 44 m Distribution: Gazetteer Pacific Ocean: Japan to the Hawaiian and Tuamoto islands, south to the Austral Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9 Biology: A secretive species that inhabits seaward reefs, among live coral or rubble. Often observed hiding around the base of small heads of live coral, especially Pocillopora meandrina. Stomach contents of specimens taken from Oahu and Johnston I. consisted of demersal eggs, copepods, amphipods, alpheid shrimp, crab megalops, larval shrimp and gastropod. However, it is likely that the copepods and larval food items are from demersal plankton because this species is never seen more than a few centimeters off the bottom Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Very secretive, and should have sufficient hiding places. Can eat the parasitic snails that infest Tridacna clams. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:43 -0600 McCoskers Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=691&title=mccoskers-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=691&amp;title=mccoskers-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41McCosker_s_flasher.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41McCosker_s_flasher.jpg" alt="41McCosker_s_flasher.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Paracheilinus mccoskeri Max. size: 8.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-West Pacific: western Indian Ocean to Fiji. Questionable record from Indonesia. Morphology: Only the first dorsal soft ray prolonged in adults; penultimate dorsal soft ray of males 1.6-2.0 in HL; a single short dark stripe beneath pectoral fin. Biology: Inhabits outer reef slopes, over rubble, algae, or coral. Swim close to the bottom and females swim in small groups. Males swim around them and often hurry from one area to another where there are groups of females. Some juveniles are secretive and often single or small groups amongst the rubble Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Best kept in small groups. Should not be kept with more aggressive fishes, e.g., dottybacks and some damsels. They usually make good reef aquarium inhabitants if supplied with ample crevices and caves. Males usually live with several females and juveniles. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:42 -0600 Red Sea Eightline Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=692&title=red-sea-eightline-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=692&amp;title=red-sea-eightline-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Red_Sea_eightline_flasher.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Red_Sea_eightline_flasher.jpg" alt="41Red_Sea_eightline_flasher.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Paracheilinus octotaenia Max. size: 9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea. Morphology: No dorsal soft rays prolonged; adults with eight continuous narrow dark stripes on body (preserved juveniles with only about four upper stripes); caudal fin rounded. Biology: Inhabits coral-rich areas of seaward reefs to depths greater than 25 m. Largest species of the genus Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 79°F (24 - 26°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Best kept in small groups. Should not be kept with more aggressive fishes, e.g., dottybacks and some damsels. They usually make good reef aquarium inhabitants if supplied with ample crevices and caves. Males usually live with several females and juveniles. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:42 -0600 Pink Flasher Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=688&title=pink-flasher-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=688&amp;title=pink-flasher-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Pacar_u0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Pacar_u0.jpg" alt="41Pacar_u0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Paracheilinus carpenteri ax. size: 8.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 27 - 45 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-West Pacific. Replaced by Paracheilinus mccoskeri in the Indian Ocean. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 25. In males, color is generally orange (yellow- or red-orange); lower fourth of head and body pale yellow; 2-4 dorsal soft rays prolonged (every other ray beginning with first). Males larger and more colorful than females; color of males intensify during courtship. Female specimens light red, pale white ventrally. Median predorsal scales 4-6. Penultimate dorsal soft ray of males 1.8-2.2 in HL; two short dark stripes beneath pectoral fin. Biology: Found on bases of steep outer reef slopes, above coral or rubble. Forms schools Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 79°F (24 - 26°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Best kept in small groups. Should not be kept with more aggressive fishes, e.g., dottybacks and some damsels. They usually make good reef aquarium inhabitants if supplied with ample crevices and caves. Males usually live with several females and juveniles. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:41 -0600 Filamentous Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=689&title=filamentous-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=689&amp;title=filamentous-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Filamentous_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Filamentous_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Filamentous_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Paracheilinus filamentosus Max. size: 15.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 5 - 35 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Similan Islands, Andaman Sea and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean; Kranket Islands, Madang, New Guinea; off Manado and Celebes (Indonesia); Concoro Islands, Cuyo Islands, Philippines, and the Solomon Islands. Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Palau, and the Great Barrier Reef. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 25. Emarginate caudal fin become lunate in males; 2-6 soft dorsal rays of males greatly prolonged (the odd-numbered rays beginning with the first); may be slightly prolonged in females (not so in Philippine adult females); non filamentous rays approximately equal in length. Tubed peduncular scales 5.9; side of body with four or five narrow red to blue stripes, only the first and third extending full length of body. Biology: Found in rubble areas in passages and outer reef slopes. Also occurs in lagoons. Feeds on zooplankton and other benthic invertebrates. Some geographical variations of nuptial males that are influenced by the presence of similar species. Occurs in small to large groups usually in depths of 10 m or more. Usually most common at about 25 m depth. Males readily display to each other or to females to spawn by flashing their colors and 'racing' past with erected fins. Hybridizes with several other species, and are most colorful where other similar species occur in the same area Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton and benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Best kept in small groups. Should not be kept with more aggressive fishes, e.g., dottybacks and some damsels. They usually make good reef aquarium inhabitants if supplied with ample crevices and caves. Males usually live with several females and juveniles. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:41 -0600 Spot-lined Flasher Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=690&title=spot-lined-flasher-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=690&amp;title=spot-lined-flasher-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Spot-lined_flasher.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Spot-lined_flasher.jpg" alt="41Spot-lined_flasher.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Paracheilinus lineopunctatus Max. size: 6.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 12 - 40 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Pacific: Philippines. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9-10; Vertebrae: 25. Scales with dark brown markings; yellow stripes on postorbital head, continuing onto thorax and abdomen; orange-red when fresh. Males more colorful and larger in size than females; color of males intensify during courtship. Males with its first 4-6 dorsal soft rays prolonged as filaments. Mouth small and oblique. Interrupted lateral line. Biology: Found on bases of steep outer reef slopes, above rubble or coral. Forms small aggregations Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Best kept in small groups. Should not be kept with more aggressive fishes, e.g., dottybacks and some damsels. They usually make good reef aquarium inhabitants if supplied with ample crevices and caves. Males usually live with several females and juveniles. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:17:41 -0600 Angular Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=686&title=angular-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=686&amp;title=angular-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Angular_flasher.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Angular_flasher.jpg" alt="41Angular_flasher.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Paracheilinus angulatus Max. size: 7.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine Distribution: Gazetteer Western Central Pacific: Philippines. Also reported from Indonesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 25. Body and head orange; pale yellowish orange ventrally; head with 1-4 dark horizontal lines. Anterior dorsal rays not prolonged as filaments. Posterior soft portions of dorsal and anal fins angular. Predorsal scales 5. Lateral line interrupted. Seven violet to red stripes on body in life, the upper five extending full length of body; caudal fin of adult males emarginate. Biology: Biology unknown. Found in sheltered reefs with rich coral and algae mix along upper parts of slopes. Occurs in small groups of mix sexes but females outnumber males greatly Aquarium Care: Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton. Not yet seen in the trade mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:38 -0600 Bell's Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=687&title=bell-27s-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=687&amp;title=bell-27s-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Bell_s_flasher.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Bell_s_flasher.jpg" alt="41Bell_s_flasher.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Paracheilinus bellae Max. size: 6.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 18 - 31 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Central Pacific: Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. Replaced by Paracheilinus filamentosus from the Philippines. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9. Females and juveniles lack the elongate dorsal and caudal fin lobes and electric colors of the males. Tubed peduncular scales 5-6; no distinct stripes on body. Biology: Found among dense algal beds of deep lagoons. Aquarium Care: Has a temperature range of 72 - 83°F (22 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of zooplankton. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Should not be kept with more aggressive fishes, e.g., dottybacks and some damsels. They usually make good reef aquarium inhabitants if supplied with ample crevices and caves. Rarely seen in the trade. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:38 -0600 Cheeklined Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=683&title=cheeklined-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=683&amp;title=cheeklined-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Cheeklined_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Cheeklined_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Cheeklined_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Oxycheilinus digramma Max. size: 40.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; brackish; marine ; depth range 3 - 50 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marshall Islands and Samoa. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8-11. Differs from the very similar C. unifasciatus by always lacking the white bar in front of the caudal base as well as the area clear of red streaks extending from the eye to just above the pectoral axis. Biology: Inhabits lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs in coral rich areas. Possibly to 120 m depths. Young are more inshore on sheltered reef crests or slopes, usually amongst soft corals or stinging hydrozoans. The species is observed to swim with a group of goatfish and change its color to resemble these fish, it then darts out from the group to catch small fish Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of small fishes. Requires a meaty diet consisting of chopped enriched fish and shrimp flesh, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. They will eat snails, worms (including fire worms and feather dusters) shrimp (ornamental and mantis), crabs, brittle stars, sea stars, and small fish, therefore they are not recommended for the reef aquarium. Very hardy, yet becomes aggressive with age. One per tank mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:37 -0600 Mental Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=684&title=mental-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=684&amp;title=mental-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Mental_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Mental_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Mental_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Oxycheilinus mentalis Max. size: 20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 20 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Biology: A solitary species that inhabits fringing reefs near coral heads Aquarium Care:They will eat snails, worms (including fire worms and feather dusters) shrimp (ornamental and mantis), crabs, brittle stars, sea stars, and small fish, therefore they are not recommended for the reef aquarium. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:37 -0600 Ringtail Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=685&title=ringtail-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=685&amp;title=ringtail-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Ringtail_maori_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Ringtail_maori_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Ringtail_maori_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Oxycheilinus unifasciatus Max. size: 46.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. published weight: 1,400 g Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 160 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to the Hawaiian, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Rowley Shoals in northwestern Australia, New Caledonia, and Rapa. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8-11. Adults developing a distinctive black blotch covering the rears of the dorsal and anal fins. Display a bright white band over the tail. White bar often present on caudal peduncle (this pattern very changeable). Red lines radiating posteriorly from eye continuous across opercle to posterior opercular edge. Membranes of spinous portion of dorsal fin smooth, not incised. Biology: Usually solitary in coral rich areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Hovers well above the bottom. Young secretive in soft corals and hydrozoans . Feeds mainly on fishes, shrimps and other crustaceans. May be ciguatoxic Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of small fishes benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of enriched clam and mussel meat, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. They will eat snails, worms (including fire worms and feather dusters) shrimp (ornamental and mantis), crabs, brittle stars, sea stars, and small fish, therefore they are not recommended for the reef aquarium. Very hardy, yet becomes aggressive with age. One per tank. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:37 -0600 Twinspot / Red Longjaw / Twospot Maori Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=681&title=twinspot2f-red-longjaw2f-twospot-maori-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=681&amp;title=twinspot2f-red-longjaw2f-twospot-maori-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Two-spot_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Two-spot_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Two-spot_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Oxycheilinus bimaculatus Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 2 - 110 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian and Marquesan islands, north to southern Japan, south to Vanuatu; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. Body variable from brown to yellow or green mixed with various color shades or spots. Males develop long filaments on the caudal fin. Young with a broad, dark lateral stripe which breaks into dark blotches in adults, the largest above distal pectoral fins. A small dark spot behind eye. Mouth terminal or lower jaw slightly projecting. Caudal fin of terminal males rhomboid, with central rays longest, and dorsalmost caudal-fin ray elongated into a short filament. A small species (reaching about 14 cm). Biology: Inhabits outer reef slopes or deep clear lagoons among rubble or clumps of algae; also in seagrass beds. Often in sheltered estuaries and harbors Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate and small fishes. Requires a meaty diet consisting of enriched clam and mussel meat, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Very hardy, yet becomes aggressive with age. Will eat snails, worms (including fire worms and feather dusters) shrimp (ornamental and mantis), crabs, brittle stars, sea stars, and small fish, therefore they are not recommended for the reef aquarium. One per tank. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:36 -0600 Celebes Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=682&title=celebes-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=682&amp;title=celebes-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Celebes_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Celebes_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Celebes_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Oxycheilinus celebicus Max. size: 24.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 40 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Pacific: Moluccas to the Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Rowley Shoals; Palau to eastern Caroline and Marshall Islands in Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. The cheek lacks the multiple lines below the eye and dorsal fin has two thin, usually irregular, red marginal lines. The concave head profile of this species is similar to that of C. oxycephalus, but its coloration is distinctive. Biology: Inhabits coral-rich areas of protected reefs, with a rich mix of soft and brittle hard corals and other invertebrates Aquarium Care: Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of small fishes. Requires a meaty diet consisting of enriched clam and mussel meat, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. They will eat snails, worms (including fire worms and feather dusters) shrimp (ornamental and mantis), crabs, brittle stars, sea stars, and small fish, therefore they are not recommended for the reef aquarium. Very hardy, yet becomes aggressive with age. One per tank mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:36 -0600 False Leopard Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=678&title=false-leopard-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=678&amp;title=false-leopard-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41False_leopard.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41False_leopard.jpg" alt="41False_leopard.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Macropharyngodon ornatus Max. size: 13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 3 - 30 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Sri Lanka, western Australia, Indonesia and New Guinea. Morphology: Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal soft rays: 11. Brown to greenish with pearly to metallic-green spots along scale rows. Females reddish anteriorly, shading to blackish posteriorly, with greenish yellow spots edged in blue and black (1 per scale) on body and similar spots and irregular bands on head. Males similar in colour to females, with no black humeral spot. Biology: Inhabits lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs, in areas with mixed sand, rubble, and coral to at least 30 m. Occurs singly or in small groups Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 74 - 83°F (23 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped clam, mussel, fish, and shrimp flesh, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Should only be kept in aquaria with a deep sandbed as they bury themselves at night, and when so, may often disturb bottom dwelling corals such as brain corals. Provide a fine-grained substrate of at least 3 inches (7.5 cm) in depth. Rarely seen in the trade and difficult to maintain long-term. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:35 -0600 Seagrass Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=679&title=seagrass-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=679&amp;title=seagrass-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Seagrass_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Seagrass_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Seagrass_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Novaculichthys macrolepidotus Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 0 - 4 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to New Guinea, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe Island, Mariana Islands in Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 12-14. A slender species, usually bright green. Juveniles vary from brown to green, usually with a blotched pattern. Biology: Found in seagrass beds and sandy algal flats of lagoons and mangrove channels. Secretive amongst the vegetation and well-camouflaged Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped clam, mussel, fish, and shrimp flesh, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. A notorious rock-mover, constantly looking for a meal under a small shell or rock. Can easily rearrange the decor in the aquarium. One per tank and becomes quite aggressive. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:35 -0600 Speckled Maori Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=680&title=speckled-maori-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=680&amp;title=speckled-maori-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Speckled_maori_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Speckled_maori_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Speckled_maori_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Oxycheilinus arenatus Max. size: 19.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 25 - 46 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Palau, Marshall Islands, and Samoa. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8-11. Recognized by the thin mid-lateral stripe and elongated blotch at front of dorsal fin between 1st and 3rd spines Body covered with relatively large scales; large canine teeth in the front of jaws. Biology: Found in caves of steep outer reef drop-offs from 25 to at least 46 m with rich invertebrate growth such as large gorgonians or soft corals. Feeds mainly on fishes, shrimps and other crustaceans Aquarium Care:They will eat snails, worms (including fire worms and feather dusters) shrimp (ornamental and mantis), crabs, brittle stars, sea stars, and small fish, therefore they are not recommended for the reef aquarium. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 22:02:35 -0600 Black Leopard Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=675&title=black-leopard-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=675&amp;title=black-leopard-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Black_leopard_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Black_leopard_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Black_leopard_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Macropharyngodon kuiteri Max. size: 10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 5 - 55 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Pacific: presently known only from New Caledonia to the southern Great Barrier Reef and New South Wales (Australia). Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal soft rays: 12. Body light orangish with a bluish white spot on each scale, a large black spot on opercle rimmed in blue and a small blackish spot behind eye. Teeth spatulate (except canine at corner of mouth). Caudal peduncle short, its length 2.3 to 2.5 in least depth. Biology: Found in areas of mixed sand, rubble, and algae Aquarium Care: Has a temperature range of 74 - 83°F (23 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped clam, mussel, fish, and shrimp flesh, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Should only be kept in aquaria with a deep sandbed as they bury themselves at night, and when so, may often disturb bottom dwelling corals such as brain corals. Provide a fine-grained substrate of at least 3 inches (7.5 cm) in depth. Rarely seen in the trade and difficult to maintain long-term. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 21:48:44 -0600 Blackspotted Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=676&title=blackspotted-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=676&amp;title=blackspotted-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Blackspotted_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Blackspotted_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Blackspotted_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Macropharyngodon meleagris Max. size: 15.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 0 - 30 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean to western Pacific and islands of Oceania. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11; Vertebrae: 25. Color in life of young and females whitish to greenish with irregular black spots; males orange-red with greenish yellow spots (edged in blue and black, per scale); head spotted and banded. Anterior lateral line scales with 2-4 pores. Pelvic fins short, not reaching anus. Biology: Inhabits subtidal reef flats and outer lagoon and seaward reefs. Usually in areas with mixed sand, rubble, and coral. Feeds mainly on gastropods, other hard-shelled prey, and foraminiferans Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped clam, mussel, fish, and shrimp flesh, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Should only be kept in aquaria with a deep sandbed as they bury themselves at night, and when so, may often disturb bottom dwelling corals such as brain corals. Provide a fine-grained substrate of at least 3 inches (7.5 cm) in depth. Difficult to maintain long-term. <br /><br />2 comments mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 21:48:44 -0600 Yellowspotted Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=677&title=yellowspotted-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=677&amp;title=yellowspotted-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Mmeleagris.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Mmeleagris.jpg" alt="41Mmeleagris.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Macropharyngodon negrosensis Max. size: 12.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 8 - 32 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Andaman Sea and Christmas Island to the Philippines and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11; Vertebrae: 25. Color in life of black with iridescent blue-green spots on body and light yellow antero-dorsally on head body; head banded. Anterior lateral line pored scales 2-3. Males display with metallic green shiny color that is turned on shortly for the occasion. Biology: Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs, in areas of mixed sand and coral. Post pelagic juveniles carried by currents beyond their normal breeding range. They are often in pairs or small loose groups, swimming close to the bottom. When approached, they move up and down in an unusual way that may worry a possible predator. Adults move about in small groups Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped clam, mussel, fish, and shrimp flesh, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Should only be kept in aquaria with a deep sandbed as they bury themselves at night, and when so, may often disturb bottom dwelling corals such as brain corals. Provide a fine-grained substrate of at least 3 inches (7.5 cm) in depth. Difficult to maintain long-term mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 21:48:44 -0600 Cuckoo Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=672&title=cuckoo-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=672&amp;title=cuckoo-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Cuckoo_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Cuckoo_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Cuckoo_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Labrus mixtus Max. size: 40.0 cm SL (male/unsexed); 30.0 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 17 years Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 2 - 200 m Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Senegal, Azores and Madeira. Also in the Mediterranean. Biology: Littoral from 2-200 m, mainly 40-80 m. Usually solitary or in pairs with young. Nest of algae in seaweed. Feeds mainly on crustaceans but also fishes and mollusks mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 21:48:43 -0600 Vermiculate Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=673&title=vermiculate-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=673&amp;title=vermiculate-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Vermiculate_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Vermiculate_wrasse.jpg" alt="41Vermiculate_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Macropharyngodon bipartitus bipartitus Max. size: 13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range - 30 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Indian Ocean: ranging south to Natal, South Africa; excluding the Red Sea. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11 Biology: Inhabits lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs. Occurs singly or in pairs; females often found in small groups . Feeds on invertebrates by picking items from the substratum. Burrows in the sand at the sign of danger Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 83°F (22 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic hard-shelled invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped clam, mussel, fish, and shrimp flesh, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Should only be kept in aquaria with a deep sandbed as they bury themselves at night, and when so, may often disturb bottom dwelling corals such as brain corals. Provide a fine-grained substrate of at least 3 inches (7.5 cm) in depth. They are hardy, peaceful and adjust well to aquarium life. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 21:48:43 -0600 Geoffroy Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=674&title=geoffroy-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=674&amp;title=geoffroy-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Mgeoffroyi.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Mgeoffroyi.jpg" alt="41Mgeoffroyi.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Macropharyngodon geoffroy Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; marine ; depth range 6 - 32 m Distribution: Gazetteer Pacific Ocean: Hawaii southward to central Polynesia, westward through Micronesia, and through the East Indies. Biology: Found in mixed sand, rubble, and coral areas of seaward reefs. Feeds mainly on mollusks (prosobranch gastropods) and foraminiferans Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 74 - 79°F (23 - 26°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped clam, mussel, fish, and shrimp flesh, small snails, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Should only be kept in aquaria with a deep sandbed as they bury themselves at night, and when so, may often disturb bottom dwelling corals such as brain corals. Provide a fine-grained substrate of at least 3 inches (7.5 cm) in depth. Difficult to maintain long-term. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 21:48:43 -0600 Christmas Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=669&title=christmas-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=669&amp;title=christmas-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41Thtri_u2.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41Thtri_u2.jpg" alt="41Thtri_u2.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Thalassoma trilobatum . size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 0 - 10 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Pitcairn, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Tonga and Rapa; throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10-12. The primary phase of this wrasse is almost indistinguishable from that of T. purpureum. But head of male T. trilobatum plain brown to orange or shaded with blue. Female most difficult and has a more spotted and shorter head. It lacks the 'V' on the snout that shows clearly on the T. purpureum. Initial phase with a diagonal dark red line below front of eye. Biology: Found in shallow exposed reef flats, usually with rock-base and mixed coral and algae. Also occurs in surge-swept reef flats, reef margins, and clear rocky shorelines, but may venture to deeper waters up to 10 m. Feeds on crustaceans (especially crabs), mollusks, and ophiuroids Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 83°F (24 - 28°C) and has a natural diet of benthic invertebrate. Requires a meaty diet consisting of finely chopped enriched fish or shrimp flesh, mysis, and enriched brine shrimp with two to three feedings per day. Sometimes bury themselves if frightened. Usually, they sleep under rock shelves, on or under a coral branch, in a crevice, or directly on the sand surface, however, providing a deep sandbed of about 4 inches (10 cm) of fine-grained sand would be a good idea. They are highly active swimmers and need plenty of swimming space. They will also eat snails, worms, sea stars, urchins, and clams. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 21:48:42 -0600 East Atlantic Peacock Wrasse http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=670&title=east-atlantic-peacock-wrasse&cat=520 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=670&amp;title=east-atlantic-peacock-wrasse&amp;cat=520"><img title="41East_Atlantic_peacock_wrasse.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/520/thumbs/41East_Atlantic_peacock_wrasse.jpg" alt="41East_Atlantic_peacock_wrasse.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Symphodus tinca Max. size: 44.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; brackish; marine ; depth range 1 - 50 m Distribution: Gazetteer Eastern Atlantic: Spain to Morocco including the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Biology: Littoral, found near rocks mainly in eel-grass beds, sometimes in salty lagoons. Often gregarious. Nest of seaweed built and kept by male with one or more females spawning. Feeds on sea urchins, ophiuroids, bivalves, shrimps and crabs. mojoreef Fri, 31 Dec 2004 21:48:42 -0600