Reef Frontiers en-us http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish Tue, 23 Jan 2018 02:12:38 -0600 PhotoPost Pro 7.0 60 025 http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=1025&title=025&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=1025&amp;title=025&amp;cat=522"><img title="025.JPG" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/025.JPG" alt="025.JPG" /></a><br /><br />by: ecobalance<br /><br />Description: Toby the ham ecobalance Thu, 14 Jun 2007 06:29:37 -0500 PJ's porcupine puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=916&title=pj-27sporcupine-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=916&amp;title=pj-27sporcupine-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="0011.JPG" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/0011.JPG" alt="0011.JPG" /></a><br /><br />by: fishybuis<br /><br />Description: A porcupine puffer named Kylie. fishybuis Mon, 08 May 2006 21:56:46 -0500 Redspotted Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=770&title=redspotted-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=770&amp;title=redspotted-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Tetraodon_erythrotaenia.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Tetraodon_erythrotaenia.jpg" alt="41Tetraodon_erythrotaenia.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Max. size: 13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 57 m Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: northern Red Sea and Kenya; a recent emigrant to the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal. Also reported from the Persian Gulf and Seychelles Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:47:53 -0600 Guinean puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=767&title=guinean-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=767&amp;title=guinean-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Sphoeroides_marmoratus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Sphoeroides_marmoratus.jpg" alt="41Sphoeroides_marmoratus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Sphoeroides_marmoratus Max. size: 20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; marine ; depth range - 100 m Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Angola. Biology: Inhabits shallow waters mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:47:52 -0600 Bullseye Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=768&title=bullseye-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=768&amp;title=bullseye-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Sphoeroides_annulatus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Sphoeroides_annulatus.jpg" alt="41Sphoeroides_annulatus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Sphoeroides annulatus Max. size: 44.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; brackish; marine ; depth range 0 - 11 m Distribution: Eastern Pacific: California, USA to Pisco, Peru and the Galapagos Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 7. Remarkable for its highly tortuous lateral line; its nostrils also rather peculiar. Biology: Found on soft bottom. Juveniles inhabit estuaries. Makes a loud grating noise Aquarium Care: Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:47:52 -0600 Torquigener flavimaculosus http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=769&title=torquigener-flavimaculosus&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=769&amp;title=torquigener-flavimaculosus&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Torquigener_flavimaculosus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Torquigener_flavimaculosus.jpg" alt="41Torquigener_flavimaculosus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Torquigener flavimaculosus Max. size: 13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 57 m Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: northern Red Sea and Kenya; a recent emigrant to the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal. Also reported from the Persian Gulf and Seychelles mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:47:52 -0600 Milkspot Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=766&title=milkspot-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=766&amp;title=milkspot-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Chelonodon_patoca.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Chelonodon_patoca.jpg" alt="41Chelonodon_patoca.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chelonodon patoca Max. size: 33.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; anadromous; freshwater; brackish; marine Distribution: Indo-Pacific: east coast of Africa down to Port Alfred, South Africa (including Madagascar) and as far east as the Admiralty Islands, New Britain and Trobiand Islands; southward to North Australia; northward to China and westward to India and the Gulf of Iran. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Body covered with prickles. Biology: Occurs in coastal waters and enters the lower reaches of rivers and lagoons. Usually found around the mouths of rivers or in brackish mangrove estuaries and sometimes penetrates fresh water, but is never found more than a few km from the sea mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:47:51 -0600 Takifugu niphobles http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=764&title=takifugu-niphobles&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=764&amp;title=takifugu-niphobles&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Takifugu_niphobles.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Takifugu_niphobles.jpg" alt="41Takifugu_niphobles.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Takifugu niphobles Max. size: 15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; marine Distribution: Northwest Pacific: Japan and southern Korea. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:31 -0600 Milkspotted Pufferfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=765&title=milkspotted-pufferfish&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=765&amp;title=milkspotted-pufferfish&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Chelonodon_patoca.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Chelonodon_patoca.jpg" alt="41Chelonodon_patoca.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Chelonodon patoca Max. size: 33.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment:   reef-associated; anadromous; freshwater; brackish; marine Climate: tropical; 23 - 28°C Distribution: Indo-Pacific: east coast of Africa down to Port Alfred, South Africa (including Madagascar) and as far east as the Admiralty Islands, New Britain and Trobiand Islands; southward to North Australia; northward to China and westward to India and the Gulf of Iran. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Body covered with prickles (Ref. 559). Biology: Occurs in coastal waters and enters the lower reaches of rivers and lagoons. Usually found around the mouths of rivers or in brackish mangrove estuaries and sometimes penetrates fresh water, but is never found more than a few km from the sea. Considered a delicacy in Japan Aquarium Care: Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:31 -0600 Tyler'sToby http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=763&title=tyler-27stoby&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=763&amp;title=tyler-27stoby&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_tyleri.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_tyleri.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_tyleri.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster tyleri Max. size: 9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 40 m Distribution: Indian Ocean: Mauritius, Comoros, Maldives, and Seychelles. Replaced in the western Pacific by the closely related Canthigaster leoparda Lubbock &amp; Allen 1979. Biology: Inhabits clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Secretive, often in holes or under ledges. Feeds on a variety of algae, sponges and invertebrates Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:30 -0600 Caribbean sharpnose-puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=760&title=caribbean-sharpnose-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=760&amp;title=caribbean-sharpnose-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_rostrata.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_rostrata.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_rostrata.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster rostrata Max. size: 12.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 40 m Distribution: Western Central Atlantic: South Carolina, USA and Bermuda to Tobago and the Lesser Antilles. All Canthigaster specimens so far recorded from Madeira belong to Canthigaster capistrata. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9. Distinguished from all other Atlantic species by a short upper dark longitudinal stripe, presence of few spots on flank and dorsum, and absence of a conspicuous (larger than eye) spot on the dorsum. The upper dark longitudinal stripe extends from caudal-fin dorsal margin to the vertical through dorsal-fin base. Although a horizontal line of dark spots extends anterior to the anterior portion of the horizontal dark stripe in some specimens, and sometimes even surpasses the dorsal fin base, this line of spots never forms a continuous stripe. Also distinguished by the absence of vertically oriented bars on the caudal fin and by the presence of bars on the snout. Biology: Inhabits reefs and marginal habitats such as seagrass beds. Diet consists of seagrass, sponges, crabs and other crustaceans, mollusks, polychaete worms, sea urchins, starfishes, hydroids and algae Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:29 -0600 Bicolor Toby http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=761&title=bicolor-toby&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=761&amp;title=bicolor-toby&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_smithae.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_smithae.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_smithae.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster smithae Max. size: 13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 20 - 37 m Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Agalega Islands, Mauritius to Durban, South Africa. Also Maldives Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9. Caudal peduncle and sides behind pectoral fins covered with dark dots; dark lines around eye; sometimes with a dark stripe on midventral line of belly; fins translucent with dark-edged rays; upper and lower edge of caudal fin dark. Biology: Inhabits outer reef slopes Aqaurium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:29 -0600 Spotted sharpnose Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=762&title=spotted-sharpnose-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=762&amp;title=spotted-sharpnose-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_solandri.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_solandri.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_solandri.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster solandri Max. size: 11.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range - 36 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Line and Tuamoto Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Tonga; throughout Micronesia; strays to the Hawaiian Islands. Population from the Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, Queensland, and Belau differs in coloration (formerly Canthigaster papua); replaced by Canthigaster margaritata in the Red Sea. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Ocellus at base of dorsal fin; dark lines radiating from eye; caudal fin brown with pale spots, outer rows may form wavy lines. Biology: Inhabits intertidal reef flats, lagoon and seaward reefs. Occurs over open barren areas, also among corals and under ledges. Often found in pairs, sometimes in small groups. Feeds mainly on filamentous red and green algae and coralline red algae but also on corals, tunicates, mollusks, echinoderms, polychaetes, crustaceans and bryozoans. Common Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C) and feeds upon filamentous algae, coralline, and benthic invertebrate. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, finely chopped fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. Requires numerous daily feedings and may nip tankmates fins. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:29 -0600 Valentinni's sharpnose puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=758&title=valentinni-27s-sharpnose-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=758&amp;title=valentinni-27s-sharpnose-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_valentini.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_valentini.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_valentini.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster valentini Max. size: 11.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 55 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa and east to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9. Side with two prominent dark bars extending to belly. Biology: Found among coral heads and rocks of subtidal lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds mainly on filamentous green and red algae, tunicates, and on smaller amounts of corals, bryozoans, polychaetes, echinoderms, mollusks, and brown and coralline red algae. Forms shoals (10-100 or more) often with the filefish, Paraluteres prionurus (about 5% of shoal) mimicking C. valentini to protect it from predators. Territorial and haremic; males spawn with a different female each day Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 77 to 82°F (22 - 28°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate and algae. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, finely chopped fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. Requires numerous daily feedings and may nip tankmates fins. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:28 -0600 Pygmy Toby http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=759&title=pygmy-toby&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=759&amp;title=pygmy-toby&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Capyg_u0.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Capyg_u0.jpg" alt="41Capyg_u0.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Canthigaster pygmaea Max. size: 5.6 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 2 - 30 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea. Biology: Inhabits coral reefs. Found hidden in holes. Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:28 -0600 Natal toby http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=756&title=natal-toby&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=756&amp;title=natal-toby&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_natalensis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_natalensis.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_natalensis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster_natalensis Max. size: 8.6 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; marine ; depth range 0 - 15 m Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique and South Africa to Reunion and Mauritius. Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:27 -0600 Shy Toby http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=757&title=shy-toby&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=757&amp;title=shy-toby&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_ocellicincta.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_ocellicincta.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_ocellicincta.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster ocellicincta Max. size: 6.5 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 10 - 53 m Distribution: Western Pacific: the Philippines, Indonesia, islands of Melanesia, and the Great Barrier Reef. Morphology: Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal soft rays: 9 Biology: Moves fleetingly from one hole of the reef to the other. Very secretive Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:39:27 -0600 Honeycomb Toby http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=754&title=honeycomb-toby&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=754&amp;title=honeycomb-toby&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_janthinoptera.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_janthinoptera.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_janthinoptera.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster janthinoptera Max. size: 9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 30 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa south to Transkei, South Africa and east to the Line, Marquesan, and Oeno islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Throughout Micronesia. Replaced by Canthigaster jactator in the Hawaiian Islands and Canthigaster punctatissimus in the tropical eastern Pacific. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9-10. Many white spots scattered on body. Biology: Occurs in clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Prefers sheltered areas in the form of holes in dead and living corals. Solitary or paired. Feeds on sponges, polychaetes, filamentous algae and on smaller quantities of tunicates, crustaceans, echinoderms and corals Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:49 -0600 Spotted sharpnosed puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=755&title=spotted-sharpnosed-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=755&amp;title=spotted-sharpnosed-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_punctatissima.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_punctatissima.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_punctatissima.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster punctatissima Max. size: 9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 21 m Distribution: Eastern Central Pacific: Guaymas, Mexico to Panama and the Galapagos Islands. Biology: Hides in shaded, protected recesses in rocky reefs, boulder strewn slopes and along walls. Carnivorous Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C) and feeds upon filamentous algae, coralline, and benthic invertebrate. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, finely chopped fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. Requires numerous daily feedings and may nip tankmates fins. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:49 -0600 Margarita Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=751&title=margarita-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=751&amp;title=margarita-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_margaritata.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_margaritata.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_margaritata.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster margaritata Max. size: 31.2 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range - 0 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Inhaca Island in Mozambique, Sri Lanka, and Ogasawara Islands. Biology: Common in tide pools near reefs and in shallow reef areas. Skin near dorsal and ventral ridge can be inflated, e.g. during territorial display among males Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 77 to 82°F (25 - 28°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate, algae, and sponges. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, chunky fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. Require numerous daily feedings and plenty of swimming space. Will chew on anything it can get into its mouth, including aquarium equipment. May need to be dewormed and have their teeth filed to prevent overgrowth, which will inhibit their ability to eat. Poisonous to eat. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:48 -0600 Hawaiian whitespotted Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=752&title=hawaiian-whitespottedpuffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=752&amp;title=hawaiian-whitespottedpuffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_jactator.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_jactator.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_jactator.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster jactator Max. size: 9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range - 30 m Distribution: Pacific Ocean: Hawaiian Islands. Biology: Commonly found on lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds on sponges, algae, detritus, tunicates, polychaetes, bryozoans, sea urchins, brittle stars, crabs, peanut worms, shrimps, zoanthids, fishes, amphipods and foraminiferans. Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 70 - 79°F (21 - 26°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, finely chopped fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. Requires numerous daily feedings. Will nip tankmates fins. De-worming may be necessary and its teeth may also need trimming/filing. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:48 -0600 Leopard sharpnose puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=753&title=leopard-sharpnose-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=753&amp;title=leopard-sharpnose-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_leoparda.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_leoparda.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_leoparda.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster leoparda Max. size: 7.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 30 - 50 m Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Christmas Island. Western Pacific: Philippines, Ambon, and Guam. Replaced by Canthigaster tyleri in the Indian Ocean east to Ambon. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9 Biology: Rare in caves of steep drop-offs. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:48 -0600 Lantern Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=749&title=lantern-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=749&amp;title=lantern-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_epilampra.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_epilampra.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_epilampra.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Canthigaster epilampra Max. size: 12.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 6 - 60 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to the Hawaiian and Society islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Tonga and Rarotonga. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9 Biology: Inhabits outer reef slopes, generally at depths greater than 24 m, but also seen below 6 m. Solitary or paired. Feeds on mollusks, echinoderms, brachiopods, and filamentous algae Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:47 -0600 Crowned Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=750&title=crowned-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=750&amp;title=crowned-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_coronata.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_coronata.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_coronata.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Canthigaster coronata Max. size: 14.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 6 - 100 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea south to Sodwana Bay, South Africa and east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales. Throughout Micronesia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9-10. Two dark bars on body that end at about middle of the side. Biology: Inhabits sand and rubble bottoms of seaward reefs . Found mostly below depths of 23 m, but occasionally seen in as little as 6 m. Feeds on a wide variety of benthic organisms: gastropods, sponges, algae, bivalves, polychaetes, tunicates, crabs, sea urchins, heart urchins, brittle stars, bryozoans, peanut worms, various small crustaceans and foraminiferans. Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate and sponges. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, finely chopped fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. Requires numerous daily feedings. A possible fin nipper. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:47 -0600 Clown Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=746&title=clown-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=746&amp;title=clown-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_callisterna.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_callisterna.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_callisterna.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Canthigaster callisterna Max. size: 23.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; marine ; depth range - 250 m Distribution: Southwest Pacific: Australia, including Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands and New Zealand, including Kermadec Islands. Including New Caledonia Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:46 -0600 Canthigaster papua http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=747&title=canthigaster-papua&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=747&amp;title=canthigaster-papua&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_papua.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_papua.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_papua.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Canthigaster papua Max. size: Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 6 - 50 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives to eastern New Guinea, north to the Philippines and Palau, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Morphology: Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal soft rays: 8-10 Biology: Occurs singly or in pairs in clear, coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 77 - 82°F (25 ­ 28°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate and sponges. Rarely seen in the trade. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, finely chopped fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. Requires numerous daily feedings. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:46 -0600 Bennett's sharpnose puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=748&title=bennett-27s-sharpnose-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=748&amp;title=bennett-27s-sharpnose-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_bennetti.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_bennetti.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_bennetti.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Canthigaster bennetti Max. size: 10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 1 - 12 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa south to Port Alfred, South Africa and east to Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Taiwan, south to New South Wales. Throughout Micronesia. Reported from Tanabe Bay, Japan. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Less than 30 small brown dots on side of caudal peduncle. Biology: Inhabits inner reef flats and sheltered lagoons. Feeds mainly on filamentous green algae and to a lesser extent on fleshy and coralline red algae and on benthic invertebrates Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C) and natural diet consists filamentous green algae and benthic invertebrate. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, finely chopped fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. Requires numerous daily feedings. May nip tankmate's fins. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:27:46 -0600 Arothron stellatus http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=744&title=arothron-stellatus&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=744&amp;title=arothron-stellatus&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Arothron_stellatus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Arothron_stellatus.jpg" alt="41Arothron_stellatus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Arothron stellatus Range: Indo-Pacific Ocean: Red Sea and East Africa to the Tuamotus, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Islands, throughout Micronesia, and also the southeast Atlantic: south coast of South Africa Size: Up to 48 in (120 cm) Natural Environment: Inhabit sheltered reefs Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 to 82°F (22 - 28°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate. Requires an enriched meaty diet, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, chunky fish and shrimp flesh. Not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. Require numerous daily feedings and plenty of swimming space. Poisonous to eat. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:45 -0600 Compressed Toby http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=745&title=compressed-toby&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=745&amp;title=compressed-toby&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Cacom_u2.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Cacom_u2.jpg" alt="41Cacom_u2.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Max. size: 11.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; brackish; marine ; depth range 5 - 16 m Distribution: Gazetteer Western Pacific: Philippines to the Solomons; northwards to Ryukyu Islands and southern Marianas, southward to Vanuatu. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8-9. Caudal fin with a series of faint, narrow undulating lines. Biology: Inhabits sandy areas of shallow lagoons and channels. Also found in silty bays or harbors around wharf pilings Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 77 - 82°F (25 ­ 28°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate and sponges. Rarely seen in the trade. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, finely chopped fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. Requires numerous daily feedings. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:45 -0600 Manila / Striped / Narrow-Lined Pufferfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=741&title=manila2f-striped2f-narrow-lined-pufferfish&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=741&amp;title=manila2f-striped2f-narrow-lined-pufferfish&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Arothron_meleagris.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Arothron_meleagris.jpg" alt="41Arothron_meleagris.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Arothron manilensis Range: Western Pacific Ocean: Borneo, Philippines, northwestern Australia to Somoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, and Tonga Size: Up to 12 in (30 cm) Natural Environment: Inhabit coastal mud and sand flats and slopes, and seagrass beds Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 to 82°F (22 - 28°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate. Requires an enriched meaty diet, e.g., brine shrimp, krill, earthworms, tubifex, worms, chunky fish and shrimp flesh. Not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. Require numerous daily feedings (three or more) and plenty of swimming space. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:44 -0600 Spyder Eye Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=742&title=spyder-eye-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=742&amp;title=spyder-eye-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Canthigaster_amboinensis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Canthigaster_amboinensis.jpg" alt="41Canthigaster_amboinensis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name:Canthigaster amboinensis Range: Indo-Pacific and tropical eastern Pacific Ocean Size: Up to 6 in (15 cm)Natural Environment: Inhabit shallow lagoons and coastal bays, usually in weedy and rocky areas Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 - 82°F (22 - 28°C) and natural diet consists benthic invertebrate and algae. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, finely chopped fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. Requires numerous daily feedings. May nip tankmates fins. Rarely seen in the trade. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:44 -0600 Arothron reticularis http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=743&title=arothron-reticularis&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=743&amp;title=arothron-reticularis&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Arret_u2.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Arret_u2.jpg" alt="41Arret_u2.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Arothron reticularis Max. size: 40.0 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; brackish; marine ; depth range 1 - 25 m Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: north to Ryukyu Islands. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9-10. Body covered with prickles. White lines encircling eye. Biology: Occurs in shallow water reefs near sand or seaweed areas. Also found in estuaries and protected muddy bays; juveniles in mangroves and entering the lower reaches of streams. Feeds on corals, mollusks, and other sand-dwelling invertebrates Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 77 to 82°F (25 - 28°C) and feeds upon corals and benthic invertebrate. Requires an enriched meaty diet, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, chunky fish and shrimp flesh. Not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. Require numerous daily feedings and plenty of swimming space. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:44 -0600 Whitespotted Pufferfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=738&title=whitespotted-pufferfish&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=738&amp;title=whitespotted-pufferfish&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Arhis_ub.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Arhis_ub.jpg" alt="41Arhis_ub.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Arothron hispidus Max. size: 50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. published weight: 2,010 g Environment: reef-associated; non-migratory; brackish; marine ; depth range 3 - 50 m Distribution: Gazetteer Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Panama, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to Lord Howe and Rapa islands; throughout Micronesia. Eastern Pacific: Baja California ad the Gulf of California to Panama. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 10-11. The body is generally greenish-brown in color, the back, sides and caudal fin profusely speckled with white spots, and the belly marked with white bars. A single bent lateral line. Body with small spines except around snout and caudal peduncle. Each nostril with two fleshy solid tentacles. Restricted gill opening. Biology: Inhabits outer reef slopes to depths of at least 50 m, inner reef flats and lagoons. Juveniles common in weedy areas of estuaries. Usually solitary and territorial on sandy to rubble areas. Feeds on fleshy, calcareous, or coralline algae, detritus, mollusks, tunicates, sponges, corals, zoanthid anemones, crabs, tube worms and echinoderms Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 to 82°F (22 - 28°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate, corals and sponges. Requires an enriched mostly meaty diet, e.g., brine shrimp, krill, earthworms, tubifex, worms, chunky fish and shrimp flesh and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become a fin-nipper. Require numerous daily feedings and plenty of swimming space. Will eat smaller fishes. Provide a large cave to rest in when needed mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:43 -0600 Narrow-lined puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=739&title=narrow-lined-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=739&amp;title=narrow-lined-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Arothron_manilensis.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Arothron_manilensis.jpg" alt="41Arothron_manilensis.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Arothron manilensis Max. size: 31.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; brackish; marine Distribution: Western Pacific: Borneo, Philippines, and northwest Australia to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New South Wales, Australia and Tonga. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9-10. Body covered with prickles. Many longitudinal dark stripes on body, although the stripes sometimes faint. Biology: Occurs in estuaries, sheltered reef flats, and lagoons to a depth of more than 17 m. Common in seagrass beds and sandy areas; juveniles found among mangroves Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:43 -0600 Map Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=740&title=map-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=740&amp;title=map-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Arothron_mappa.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Arothron_mappa.jpg" alt="41Arothron_mappa.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Arothron mappa Max. size: 65.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range - 30 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa south to Natal, South Africa and east to Samoa, northward to the Ryukyus and western sea of Japan, southward to New Caledonia and Queensland, Australia. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 10-11. Body covered with prickles. Body beautifully colored; black area around anus, black reticulations below pectoral fins. Biology: Occurs in clear lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs. Usually close to shelter. Occurs single. Feeds on algae, sponges, and benthic invertebrates Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 77 to 82°F (25 - 28°C) and feeds upon benthic invertebrate, algae, and sponges. Requires an enriched meaty diet with some vegetable matter, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, chunky fish and shrimp flesh, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. Require numerous daily feedings and plenty of swimming space. Will chew on anything it can get into its mouth, including aquarium equipment. May need to be dewormed and have their teeth filed to prevent overgrowth, which will inhibit their ability to eat. Poisonous to eat. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:43 -0600 Blackspotted Pufferfish http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=736&title=blackspotted-pufferfish&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=736&amp;title=blackspotted-pufferfish&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Arothron_nigropunctatus.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Arothron_nigropunctatus.jpg" alt="41Arothron_nigropunctatus.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Arothron nigropunctatus Max. size: 33.0 cm TL (male/unsexed) Environment: reef-associated; marine ; depth range 3 - 25 m Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Micronesia and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales. Replaced by Arothron diadematus in the Red Sea. Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 10-12. Body covered with prickles and with large black spots. Biology: Inhabits coral reefs. Feeds on corals (usually Acropora tips), crustaceans, mollusks, sponges, tunicates and algae. Generally common Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 72 to 82°F (22 - 28°C) and feeds upon live corals, usually Acropora. Requires an enriched meaty diet, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, tubifex, worms, chunky fish and shrimp flesh. Not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. Require numerous daily feedings (at least three per day) and plenty of swimming space. May need to be dewormed and have their teeth filed to prevent overgrowth, which will inhibit their ability to eat. More than one and other members of the family can be maintained in the same aquarium. Poisonous to eat. <br /><br />1 comment mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:42 -0600 Randall's Puffer http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=737&title=randall-27s-puffer&cat=522 <a href="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/showphoto.php?photo=737&amp;title=randall-27s-puffer&amp;cat=522"><img title="41Torquigener_randalli.jpg" border="0" src="http://www.reeffrontiers.com/photos_fish/data/522/thumbs/41Torquigener_randalli.jpg" alt="41Torquigener_randalli.jpg" /></a><br /><br />by: mojoreef<br /><br />Description: Scientific Name: Torquigener randalli Max. size: 12.7 cm SL (male/unsexed) Environment: demersal; marine ; depth range 15 - 104 m Distribution: Eastern Central Pacific: known only from off Oahu, Hawaii Aquarium Care:Pufferfishes are smaller than Porcupinefishes and many species contain a strong toxin, and also have the ability to inflate themselves by ingesting large quantities of air. They do not have pelvic fins, and their front teeth are fused together, yet separated by a gap giving the appearance of having four teeth. In the wild they feed upon snails, tube worms, crabs, sponges, starfish, clams, shrimp, urchins, tunicates, coral polyps, and algae, including coralline algae. In the aquarium, they will take any type of meaty foodstuffs, e.g., brine shrimp, earthworms, and tubifex/black worms, and should also have some fresh greens to graze upon. They may graze upon coralline algae and are not safe with tubeworms and/or, can become fin-nippers. mojoreef Sat, 01 Jan 2005 13:07:42 -0600