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      Knysna Seahorse

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      Photo Details

      Reef Keeper

      Registered: July 2003
      Location: Sumner
      Posts: 7,855
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      Scientific Name:Hippocampus capensis
      Max. size: 11.2 cm TL (male/unsexed)
      Environment: demersal; non-migratory; brackish; marine ; depth range 0 - 20 m
      Distribution: Southeast Atlantic: endemic to South Africa. Hippocampus capensis has the smallest known range of any seahorse and was the first to be assessed as threatened on the IUCN Red List, in 1994. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04).
      Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-18; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 3. Description: (based on 96 specimens): Adult height: 5.3-11.2cm. Rings: 11 34 (32-37). Snout length: ca. 3.0 in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17 (16-18) covering 2 1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 15 (14-17). Coronet: none, arch of neck is a smooth curve; juveniles may have a very small coronet but this disappears as they mature. Spines: none on body; very short and blunt on tail Other distinctive characters: short snout; male with slight keel. Color pattern: usually mottled greenish or brownish; can have scattered dark spots on body.
      Biology: Found in bays and estuaries among submerged vegetation; diurnal. Tolerates salinities from 1-59 ppt
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      Additional Info
      Keywords: Knysna Seahorse

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