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      Whitespotted Rabbit
      Whitespotted Rabbit

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      Reef Keeper

      Registered: July 2003
      Location: Sumner
      Posts: 7,855
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      Scientific Name: Siganus canaliculatus
      Max. size: 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)
      Environment: reef-associated; oceano-estuarine brackish; marine ; depth range - 50 m
      Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Cambodia, Viet Nam, south China, Taiwan and Western Australia. Also known from Ryukyu Islands; Palau and Yap in Micronesia and Melanesia.
      Morphology: Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 7; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 23. Body silvery gray above, silvery below; a touch of olive green on nape and upper surface of head; fright pattern mottled with pale cream and dark brown; usually fish display a dark patch just below origin of lateral line. Preopercular angle 89°-96°; cheeks appear to be scaleless but sometimes with few to many, fine, embedded scales on lower 2/3; midline of thorax scaleless between pelvic ridges. Margin of anterior nostril encircled by a low flange with the flap extending towards posterior flap; flap shortens with increasing size. Closely resembles S. fuscescens but differs by its slightly more pointed snout and longer pectoral fins (1.1-1.3 in HL vs. 1.4-1.5 in S. fuscescens). Color pattern is similar to that of S. argenteus and S. fuscescens.
      Biology: In contrast to S. fuscescens, this species seems to tolerate more turbid waters, occurring within the vicinity of river mouths especially around seagrass beds. Also occurs several kilometers offshore in deep, clear waters. Juveniles form very large schools in shallow bays and coral reef flats; school size reduces with size, with adults occurring in groups of 20 individuals or so. Herbivorous, feeds on benthic algae and to some extent on seagrass. Consumed as food; and have poisonous spines
      Aquarium Care:Has a temperature range of 75 - 82°F (24 - 28°C) and feeds mostly upon algae and some benthic invertebrate. Even though an omnivore, they are excellent herbivores and require a large amount of vegetable matter in their diet. In fact, they are one of the better hair alga consumers. Requires a varied diet made up of mostly vegetable matter, especially some Spirulina flake and some nori (dried seaweed/kelp). Should receive at least several feedings per day. They are easy to feed, none aggressive, and resistant to poor water quality. Keep in mind they have venomous dorsal and anal fins, similar to lionfish, and care must be taken in their handling. Not safe with some soft corals, such as Xenia
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      Keywords: Whitespotted Rabbit

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