Calcium, Alkalinity, and pH Research

Help Support Reef Frontiers:


Reef Keeper
Jul 5, 2003
Calcium Reactors

Calcium Reactor Set-Up Help

Calcium Reactor FAQ's

Calcium Carbonate for CaCO3/CO2 Reactors: More Than Meets the Eye by Craig Bingman

Some Chemistry Behind Ca(OH)2 and CaCO3/CO2 Reactors by Craig Bingman

A guide to using Calcium reactors by Simon Huntington

Building your own Calcium Reactor by Sanjay Joshi

Tuning a Calcium Reactor

Calcium, Alkalinity, and Magnesium Calculator

Kalkwasser and other additives

What Your Grandmother Never Told You About Lime by Randy Holmes-Farley

A Homemade Two-Part Calcium and Alkalinity Additive System by Randy Holmes-Farley, Ph.D.

An Improved Do-it-Yourself Two-Part Calcium and Alkalinity Supplement System by Randy Holmes-Farley, Ph.D.

What is Kalkwasser and how do I use it?

Kalkwasser in Depth (vinegar)

Limits to Limewater....Revisited by Craig Bingman, Ph.D.

Expanding the Limits of Limewater: Adding Organic Carbon Sources (Vinegar) by Craig Bingman, Ph.D.

Limewater, Acetic Acid (vinegar) and Sand Clumping by Craig Bingman

The Degradation of Limewater in Air by Randy Holmes-Farley

Calcium and Alkalinity

Reef Aquarium Water Parameters

Electronic Calcium Monitoring, by Randy Holmes-Farley

Solving Calcium and Alkalinity Problems by Randy Holmes-Farley

When Do Calcium and Alkalinity Demand Not Exactly Balance, by Randy Holmes-Farley

Calcium Carbonate as a Supplement

Calcium Requirements of Fish, Various Authors

The Relationship Between Alkalinity and pH

The Chemical and Biochemical Mechanisms of Calcification


What is Alkalinity?

Calcium for Dummies by Mike Andrews

Alkalinity, by Dallas Warren

How to Select a Calcium and Alkalinity Supplementation Scheme by Randy Holmes Farley

Calcium and Alkalinity, by Randy Holmes-Farley

More About Calcium and Alkalinity by Craig Bingman

Calcification Rates in Several Tropical Coral Reef Aquaria by Craig Bingman

The Composition Of Several Synthetic Seawater Mixes by Craig Bingman

Calcium for Dummies

pH Research

Low pH: Causes and Cures by Randy Holmes-Farley

High pH: Causes and Cures by Randy Holmes-Farley

A Comparison of pH Calibration Buffers by Randy Holmes-Farley

Measuring pH with a meter by Randy Holmes-Farley

A pH Detective Story by Craig Bingman, Ph.D.

The “How To” Guide to Reef Aquarium Chemistry for Beginners, Part 3: pH by RHF
Last edited by a moderator: